Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 13, 2003
Potential low-cost options for monitoring HIV-1-infected children in less-developed countries
Authors of a research letter in this week's issue of The Lancet highlight how assessment of total blood lymphocyte count and albumen concentrations could have potential as low-cost alternatives in assessing the disease status of HIV-1-infected children in less-developed countries.

Members receive distinction as fellows of soil society
The Soil Science Society of America has been selecting outstanding members to the position of Fellow since 1985.

College students may be drinking more alcohol than even they realize
Most of what is known about alcohol consumption by college students comes from self-reports.

Many diagnostic tests are not based on good evidence
Many diagnostic tests and tests used to monitor disease are not supported by high quality evidence, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

Asbestos cancer breakthrough
Researchers at the Pacific Northwest Research Institute (PNRI) have reported the development of a blood test for mesothelioma, a highly aggressive lung cancer caused by asbestos exposure.

Liberia announces protection of 155,000-acres of forest
Liberia today announced the protection of more than 155,000 acres of mostly intact forest.

Major prostate-cancer prevention study to launch awareness campaign in churches nationwide
On Sunday, Nov. 16, the nation's largest-ever prostate-cancer prevention study will kick off a campaign, with the help of black-community leaders and churches nationwide, to preach the importance of participating in prostate-cancer prevention research.

Regeneration of insulin-producing islets may lead to diabetes cure
Cells from an unexpected source, the spleen, appear to develop into insulin-producing pancreatic islet cells in adult animals.

Going to Mars for Christmas
Europe's mission to the Red Planet, Mars Express, is on schedule to arrive at the planet on Christmas Day, 2003.

Sensor research supported by $1.1 million federal earmark
1.1 million federal earmark championed by Congressman Maurice Hinchey, NY-22 will support Binghamton University's advanced sensor design and threat detection research as part of the University's overarching initiative to carve out an important niche for itself in the area of small-scale systems research and development.

UT Southwestern's capital campaign passes $300 million mark
Record-setting new gifts and pledges to UT Southwestern Medical Center's Innovations in Medicine capital drive have brought the total raised to date to $301 million, and the enthusiastic donor response has persuaded campaign leaders to raise the overall goal from $450 million to $500 million.

Baboons identify each other by status and family
Penn researchers have demonstrated that baboons, much like humans, identify each other based on complex rules that determine relationships between families and rank within their particular family.

Baboon studies reveal pressures and benefits of complex social societies
Can the complex loves and rivalries of baboons in Botswana's Okavango Delta rival the social dynamics of Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet?

Epstein-Barr virus contributes to Burkitt's lymphoma
Most people may associate Epstein-Barr virus with infectious mononucleosis, but the tumor virus also has been implicated in at least five kinds of human cancer.

By the year 2050, human population could add 2.6 billion people, reports Rockefeller scientist
It took from the beginning of time until 1950 to put the first 2.5 billion people on the planet.

Researchers describe new technique for cataloging RNA targets in rare brain disease
Researchers at Rockefeller University have now developed a method that allows scientists, for the first time, to develop complete lists of RNAs that are regulated by RNA binding proteins.

Detroit South - Clemson research campus will make SC auto research hub
A 400-acre automotive research campus, to be developed by Clemson University, promises to make South Carolina a hub of the nation's automotive and motorsports industry.

Climate models predict wetter winters, warmer summers in the West
Scientists have now developed computer models that are producing the first simulations of how ecosystems and fire regimes could change in the 21st century.

Declining employment of persons with disabilities
A new book, The Decline in Employment of People with Disabilities: A Policy Puzzle, co-edited by Cornell University's David Stapleton and Richard Burkhauser, explores why the employment rate of people with disabilities declined this past decade while it climbed for those without disabilities.

Discovery could lead to new ways to create nano-fibers and wires
A research team led by engineers at Purdue University and physicists at the University of Chicago has made a discovery about the formation of drops that could lead to new methods for making threads, wires and particles only a few nanometers wide.

Anti-inflammatory drugs speed brain recovery in Stanford animal study
Inflammation may be the culprit in the brain's inability to recover from damage, according to researchers at Stanford University School of Medicine.

U-M partners with Columbia University on $7.5 million child care research archive
Parents and policy makers will soon be able to tap into a new federally funded online archive to find the latest and most trustworthy academic research on child care.

Study shows promise for HIV-infected liver transplant recipients
HIV infection should no longer be considered an absolute contraindication to liver transplantation, according to an article published in the November 15 issue of The Journal of Infectious Diseases.

Blocking immune response to spinal cord injury can improve chances for recovery
People who suffer spinal cord injuries may have a greater chance of recovery if treated with drugs that block the body's own immune response to the initial trauma, researchers from the Reeve-Irvine Research Center at UC Irvine have found.

Brookhaven Lab demonstrates participation in worldwide computing efforts at SC2003
For a glimpse of how the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory manages millions of gigabytes of data produced by one of the world's premier nuclear physics experiments, visit the Laboratory's exhibit at the SC2003 (Supercomputing) conference in Phoenix, Arizona, from November 15 to 21.

Investigational cancer drug prevents abnormal brain growth, reverses seizures in lab mice
Investigators at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital used an experimental anti-cancer drug to prevent or reverse abnormal brain cell growth that is caused by lack of the anti-cancer gene Pten.

Study finds subtle brain damage in some HIV patients on drug therapy
Researchers have found subtle damage in the brains of HIV-positive patients whose viral load is effectively suppressed by anti-retroviral therapy.

Moderate alcohol consumption after meals can decrease levels of insulin
Insulin is a hormone that allows blood glucose to provide energy to most of the body's cells.

Members receive distinction as fellows of agronomy society
The American Society of Agronomy has been selecting outstanding members to the position of Fellow since 1924.

Re-examining alcohol problems among American Indian communities
Numerous stereotypes exist about American Indians' use of alcohol. New research examines alcohol dependence among Northern Plains and Southwest tribes.

Study reveals dramatic rise in allergic diseases
Dramatic increases in admissions to hospital for allergic diseases have occurred in England over the last decade, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

Criminalising medical mistakes is questionable
Using the criminal justice system to punish doctors who make mistakes is questionable, according to a barrister in this week's BMJ.

The Clay Mathematics Institute 2003 Annual Meeting
On Friday, November 14, 2003, 2 p.m., the Clay Mathematics Institute (CMI) will hold its fifth Annual Meeting at MIT, featuring presentation of the Clay Research Awards, a talk by Richard Hamilton on Ricci flow, and a talk by John Morgan on Grigori Perelman's work and progress towards the Poincaré conjecture.

NIEHS and American Public Health Association sponsor program
NIEHS and APHA will host three-day program Nov. 16-19 in San Francisco entitled

Small-molecule inhibitors of botulinum neurotoxin identified
Botulinum neurotoxins (BoNT) are among the most lethal biological substances known, and no therapeutics currently exist.

A sweet tooth may be a 'marker' for the genetic risk for developing alcoholism
Prior research has found an association between a liking for sweets and alcohol intake.

Early promise of blood marker to detect mesothelioma
Preliminary results of a study in this week's issue of The Lancet suggest that a blood test could be used in the future to identify people with mesothelioma-the usually deadly malignant tumor of mesothelial tissue surrounding the lungs, often caused by exposure to asbestos.

Changing partner increases risk of preterm birth
Women who change partner between their first two births are at an increased risk of having a preterm, low birthweight baby compared with women who have the same partner for both births, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

Some large Pacific Northwest quakes could be limited in size by their location
Large, deep earthquakes have shaken the central Puget Sound region in and near Seattle several times in the last century, and nerves have been rattled even more often by less-powerful deep quakes.

Advance in developing biological strategies to produce hydrogen and sequester carbon dioxide
Department of Energy-funded researchers have achieved a significant scientific advance in their efforts to piece together DNA strands, thereby helping develop new, biological methods to capture carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, produce hydrogen and clean the environment.

Technique may identify novel disease genes at a faster clip
HHMI researchers have used ultraviolet light to

Patients' anaesthesia concerns reviewed
A four-part series reviewing issues and developments in anaesthesia is launched in this week's issue of The Lancet.

Thought for food
Celebrity endorsement of junk food should be banned; confectionary should be withdrawn from pharmacies; and voluntary arrangements with manufacturers should be replaced with legislation to make junk-food manufacturers 'clean up their act'.

World's largest scientific society holds regional meeting in Atlanta
The American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society, will hold its 55th Southeast regional meeting, Nov.

Members receive distinction as fellows of crops society
The Crop Science Society of America has been selecting outstanding members to the position of Fellow since 1985.

Medium-firm mattresses best for low back pain
The popular belief that firm mattresses are best for people with low back pain is challenged by the results of a randomised trial in this week's issue of The Lancet.

Women feel unprepared for operative deliveries
Antenatal classes do not adequately prepare women for operative deliveries (caesarean sections, use of ventouse or forceps), according to study in this week's BMJ.

Jefferson scientists use gene therapy to restore function of damaged heart cells in laboratory
Researchers at Jefferson Medical College and Duke University have used gene therapy to block the activity of an important enzyme, helping damaged heart cells regain strength and beat normally again in the laboratory.
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