Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 14, 2003
Research on spleen cells could yield potential cure for Type 1 diabetes
Spleen cells may develop into insulin-producing pancreatic islet cells in adult animals, a breakthrough finding that could yield a potential cure for type 1 diabetes.

Social mothers appear to be better mothers
The more time wild female baboons spend in the company of other adult baboons, particularly while occupied with grooming activities, the more likely their offspring are to live until their first birthday, reports a UCLA-led team in the Nov.

Southwestern Medical Foundation honors Farrington, Goldman with community service award
Southwestern Medical Foundation honored civic leaders Jerry Farrington and F.B.

Genes control severity of heart failure, study finds
By screening the genomes of mice with heart failure, Duke University Medical Center researchers have discovered multiple stretches of DNA containing genes that modify the heart's pumping ability and survival with the disease.

Autism summit conference
A national conference focusing on the Federal government's role in biomedical autism research, early screening and diagnosis, and improving access to autism services will be held November 19-20, 2003, at the Washington Convention Center in Washington, DC.

Mantis shrimp fluoresce to enhance signaling in the dim ocean depths
Some undersea creatures fluoresce in the dim blue light several hundred feet down, but most biologists thought this was just a byproduct of their pigmentation.

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for November 2003 (second issue)
Newsworthy highlights include studies that show: researchers have demonstrated that 3 weeks of dietary supplementation with fish oil capsules markedly reduces exercise-induced bronchoconstriction in elite athletes; the acetylcholinesterol inhibitor physostigmine lowers sleep-disordered breathing pauses significantly; and, contrary to previous results, investigators found no statistical association between blood pressure levels in men either with or without a common inflammation of the nose called rhinitis.

St. Paul nurse receives Guardian Angel Award named for UT Southwestern vice president
Two decades of caring for the sickest of newborns and their anguished families has taught Aziza Young quite a bit about joy and sorrow.

AACR and CEO Dr. Margaret Foti receive award for raising public awareness about melanoma
The American Association for Cancer Research and its CEO, Margaret Foti, Ph.D., M.D.

Severe kidney disease in blacks linked to genes on two chromosomes
As yet unidentified genes on chromosomes 18 and 3 are linked to severe kidney disease in younger blacks with diabetes, Barry I.

M. D. Anderson, African-American churches team up for prostate cancer prevention study
The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center is teaming with more than 40 Houston-area African-American churches to encourage men in their congregations to participate in a prostate cancer prevention study, the Selenium and Vitamin E Cancer Prevention Trial (SELECT).

Epilepsy at the movies
The film industry's depiction of epilepsy over the past 75 years is reviewed in this month's issue of The Lancet Neurology.

In some people, overuse of some analgesics can lead to kidney damage
Overuse of some analgesics may lead to irreversible kidney damage in susceptible people, according to one conclusion of a national study being reported today (Nov.

Stem cell gene therapy: selecting only the best
In the November 14 issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, two independent studies - the first by Stanton Gerson and colleagues at Case Western University and the second by Hans-Peter Kiem and colleagues at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center - have accomplished, for the first time, the selection and expansion of gene-corrected HSCs from large animals (dogs and humans), using a novel drug-resistance gene, MGMT.

International, nontraditional adoptions pose challenges to families
American families that adopt children from other countries, as well as same-sex couples who adopt, typically do so in order to create or enhance a family, as well as to provide a better life for the youngsters.

Cardiff universities to merge
The University of Wales College of Medicine and Cardiff University, Wales, UK, are to merge, in a development expected to create 3,000 new jobs.

Brittle fracture mechanism breaks the sound barrier
Materials scientists discover the conditions under which cracks can propagate supersonically in brittle solids.

'Scientific American 50' recognizes NCAR scientists
Scientific American magazine has named two scientists from the National Center for Atmospheric Research as research leaders in aerospace on this year's

Naked mole-rats bare pain relief clues
Naked mole-rats, the only known cold-blooded mammals, lack the neurotransmitter Substance P, which signals pain.

What's killing our kids? Experts discuss behavior that ends young lives
Experts will explore the behaviors killing this country's youth - including suicide, substance abuse, self-mutilation and bullying - Nov.

New program interrogates gene pathways
Any criminologist will tell you that witnesses don't always get it right.

Synthetic marijuana reduces agitation in patients with Alzheimer's
Results from a Phase II, multi-center study found dronabinol, a synthetic version of the active ingredient in marijuana, reduces agitation in patients with Alzheimer's disease.

Study sheds light on why some infants may develop permanent heart damage
A new study may shed light on why some infants born to women who produce antibodies commonly found in lupus patients develop an autoimmune disease that can cause permanent heart damage.
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