Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 17, 2003
Age-related outcomes, immune response in patients with brain tumors linked to thymic cells
Researchers have documented that recently-produced cancer-fighting cells are the major determinant of prognosis and survival for patients with malignant brain tumors called glioblastoma multiforme (GBM).

The Endocrine Society responds to Institute of Medicine report on testosterone therapy for older men
The Endocrine Society, the largest and most active professional organization of endocrinologists in the world, today announced its support for the Institute of Medicine (IOM) report titled Testosterone and Aging: Clinical Research Directions.

Fosrenol shows significant reduction in serum phosphate in Chinese end-stage kidney disease patients
Shire Pharmaceuticals Group plc (NASDAQ: SHPGY, LSE: SHP.L, TSE: SHQ CN) announced that treatment with FOSRENOL (lanthanum carbonate) significantly reduced and maintained phosphate levels in a study of Chinese end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients with hyperphosphatemia, according to data presented at the American Society of Nephrology (ASN) 36th Annual Meeting.

Northwestern Memorial helping to define best treatment for congestive heart failure
Northwestern Memorial Hospital (NMH) is the only Chicago-area hospital participating in a National Institutes of Health sponsored research study to find a definitive answer to whether medical therapy or surgery is the better option for treating congestive heart failure.

New investigational vaccine to prevent hepatitis C tested for first time in humans
With an estimated 170 million people around the world already infected with hepatitis C, Saint Louis University is testing, for the first time in humans, an investigational vaccine that researchers hope will prevent infection with the virus.

Researchers describe novel gene mutations associated with Alzheimer disease
Three mutations in genes associated with Alzheimer disease (AD) are described by researchers in the November issue of The Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

MIT team mines for new materials with a computer
A computational technique used to predict everything from books that a given customer might like to the function of an unknown protein is now being applied by MIT engineers and colleagues to the search for new materials.

Virginia Tech's 'X' officially number 3
Virginia Tech is an official giant in the supercomputing world.

Height sensitive: Rear crash protection devices for heavy trucks
Penn State simulation testing suggests that barriers, called underride guards, placed on the rear end of heavy trucks to prevent cars from sliding underneath and being crushed in rear-end collisions may be less effective if placed lower or higher than 16 inches (400 mm) from the ground.

Researchers measure the 'heat of life,' offering clues to DNA damage
A Rutgers-led team has produced the first ever measurement of the

Researchers find new form of hormone that helps songbirds reproduce
Auditory cues can influence hormone release and gonad growth in songbirds, but how the brain translates sounds into hormonal and behavioral signals has been a mystery.

Microneedles: Report describes progress in new technology for painless drug delivery
A paper scheduled for publication during the week of November 17 in the online issue of the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences describes progress in the development of microneedle arrays for delivering drugs and vaccines through the skin - without causing pain.

Bush Administration plan to reduce global warming could devastate sea life
A Bush Administration proposal to mitigate the effects of global warming by capturing carbon dioxide emissions from power plants and injecting it into the deep sea could have disastrous effects on sea life.

Novel delivery system devised for toxoplasmosis treatment
Researchers have discovered how to deliver antimicrobial medications directly to the infectious parasites that cause diseases such as toxoplasmosis, even when the parasites lay hidden and inactive within cysts, where they have been untreatable by any available medicines.

Stem cell and other new biological therapies are target of major NIH contract to U of MN
The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), a part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), has awarded a $7.7 million contract to the University of Minnesota to collaborate with two other institutions on the production and testing of novel somatic (biological) cell therapies, including adult stem cells.

Drug holds promise as an alternative for sickle cell patients unable to tolerate standard treatment
A new drug may offer relief from sickle cell symptoms for patients who do not respond to the current standard of care, according to the December 1, 2003, issue of Blood, the official journal of the American Society of Hematology.

Over land, sea and air, users give MERIS high marks
More than 150 researchers from across Europe, Canada, the United States, China and as far away as Chile have come together to recount their many and varied uses of a single instrument - a desk-sized camera called MERIS, hurtling through space aboard Envisat at more than seven kilometres per second.

Protein biomarkers accurately and quickly diagnose ALS, find Pittsburgh researchers
Detection of protein abnormalities in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) may allow physicians to more rapidly diagnose and better monitor drug efficacy in clinical trials for the disease, according to a novel study presented by a University of Pittsburgh researcher in Milan, Italy, today.

Psoriasis may increase risk for certain cancers
Patients with the skin disease psoriasis may be at an increased risk for developing lymphoma, according to an article in the November issue of The Archives of Dermatology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

UCLA study looks at life after breast cancer
Very young women diagnosed with breast cancer may be more likely to have persisting physical and psychological problems years after cancer, according to a new study by researchers at UCLA's Jonsson Cancer Center.

World's largest scientific society seeks minority students for scholarships
The American Chemical Society is seeking minority applicants for its Scholars Program.

OHSU researchers study recent monkeypox outbreak
Researchers at Oregon Health & Science University are studying the recent monkeypox outbreak in the United States.

Surgically placed 'sling' reduces signs of aging in the neck
A thin, plastic

Marriage promotion plan must take social science research into account
The Bush Administration's proposal to set aside federal welfare funds for marriage promotion programs has more to do with symbolism and is not likely to be effective at promoting model families and reducing poverty, according to Andrew Cherlin, a Johns Hopkins University sociology professor.

Cal-(IT)², UC San Diego researchers team with Canada's BigBangwidth to speed 'Optiputer' data flows
UCSD researchers will deploy lightpath technology created by Canada's BigBangwidth as part of the NSF-funded OptIPuter project.

Farm worker children under 7 exposed to agricultural and home pesticides
Children of migrant and seasonal farm workers are exposed to a wide range of agricultural and home pesticides, according to a study just published in the on-line edition of Environmental Health Perspectives, Journal of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS).

Two worms are better than one
Caenorhabditis elegans may be the best-understood multicellular organism on the planet.

New treatment appears effective for rosacea
Application of a new formulation of azelaic acid gel to the face reduces the redness and lesions associated with rosacea better than a commonly used treatment (metronidazole gel), according to an article in the November issue of The Archives of Dermatology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Buckwheat may be beneficial for managing diabetes
Researchers in Canada have found new evidence that buckwheat, a grain used in making pancakes and soba noodles, may be beneficial in the management of diabetes.

Women and men differ on adopting healthy behaviors
When it comes to exercising and quitting smoking, men may be closer than women to adopting these healthy behaviors as permanent habits, according to a new study of 554 low-income minorities.

World Renewable Energy Congress provides international forum
Energy ministers, deputy ministers or other representatives from as many as 100 countries are expected to participate in the world's largest gathering of renewable energy experts in Denver, Aug.

Annals of Internal Medicine, tip sheet, November 18, 2003
Highlights from the Novemeber 18 edition of the Annals of Internal Medicine include: 49% of American physicians support national health insurance, study finds; mammography is cost-effective beyond age 65, study finds; and intensive HIV therapy can be started later than thought, with caveats.

Physics tip sheet #39 - Nov. 17, 2003
Highlights of this tip sheet include a material necessary for ultra-dense data storage, snail neurons on a chip, the connection between ice crystals and proteins, the effect of air bubbles on the speed of sound in water, and magnetic tweezers.

Pfizer's VFEND(R) receives FDA approval for treatment of esophageal candidiasis
Pfizer Inc said today that it has received U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval to market VFEND® (voriconazole), a broad spectrum antifungal medicine, for the treatment of esophageal candidiasis.

Black business owners denied credit twice as often as similarly qualified whites
Widespread discrimination within the business credit industry is the most formidable hurdle facing black small-business owners, according to a new study led by Dartmouth College economist David Blanchflower.

Snowplow drivers utilizing high-tech simulators to improve skills
Utah Department of Transportation (UDOT) snowplow drivers are undergoing training with state-of-the-art snowplow simulators Nov.

Stay south of thunderstorm paths, says Purdue scientist
Damaging winds can occur in previously overlooked places within a thunderstorm, according to a Purdue University earth scientist.
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