Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 18, 2003
Media coverage crucial in election campaigns: University of Toronto study
The tone and amount of media coverage party leaders receive during an election campaign has great impact on undecided voters, says a University of Toronto political scientist.

Hansen to present the Gerontological Society of America's 2003 Maxwell A. Pollack Award lecture
Jennie Chin Hansen, executive director of San Francisco's On Lok organization, will present the 2003 Maxwell A.

Molecule by molecule, scientists design a new transistor
An NC State scientist and his multidisciplinary team are working to build, molecule by molecule, a nanoscale transistor.

Uncovering mysteries beneath the Earth's surface
Back in the old days, when doctors looked for tumors, exploratory surgery was the only option.

Other highlights in the November 19 issue of JNCI
Other highlights of the November 19 issue of JNCI include a study on racial differences in prostate cancer treatment outcomes, a study suggesting that Fanconi anemia is associated with an increased susceptibility to HPV-associated cancers, a study examining how the peptide thymosin beta4 promotes cancer spread, and a study suggesting that moderate drinking may increase cancer risk by increasing serum leptin levels.

World AIDS Day program shows how AIDS affects its smallest victims in AIDS Orphans: Lost Childhood
AIDS Orphans: Lost Childhood documents the lives of South African children who are either preparing to lose or have already lost their parents to AIDS.

Study finds racial differences in survival rates after prostate cancer treatment
Black men tend to have poorer overall survival rates than white men after being treated for localized prostate cancer, a new study shows.

New Sandia UV LEDs emit short-wavelength, high-power output
Researchers at Sandia National Laboratories developing ultraviolet (UV) light-emitting diodes (LEDs) recently demonstrated two deep UV semiconductor optical devices that set records for wavelength/power output.

USP releases fourth annual report on medication errors in U.S. hospitals
The United States Pharmacopeia (USP) today released its fourth annual national report summarizing the most recent data collected by MEDMARX, the anonymous national medication error reporting database operated by USP.

IU Medical School, Merck take shot at vaccinating Kenyan kids
A $200,000 grant to the Indiana University School of Medicine will establish a vaccination services training program for health-care workers, creating a training center at Moi University Faculty of Health Sciences in Eldoret, Kenya.

Football players need several days to recover from a concussion
Collegiate football players may need up to 7 days to recover from a concussion, including full recovery of cognitive function and balance, according to an article in the November 19 issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association.

Smallpox in Europe selected for genetic mutation that confers resistance to HIV infection
In the 2,000 years before its eradication in 1978, smallpox killed as many as 30 percent of all children under 10.

After the forest fire: Evergreen needles prevent soil erosion
Once a raging forest fire is quelled, the next worry is erosion of the landscape.

Carnegie Mellon receives Sloan Grant to increase women studying computer science at graduate level
Carnegie Mellon University's School of Computer Science has received a $400,000, grant from the Sloan Foundation for a program aimed at increasing women studying computer science at the graduate level.

Northeastern's Patricia Mabrouk honored as Massachusetts Professor of the Year
The Council for Advancement and Support of Education (CASE) and The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching have named Northeastern University associate professor of chemistry Patricia Mabrouk the winner of the 2003 Massachusetts Professor of the Year Award for her dedication to teaching and commitment to students.

NIAID Ebola vaccine enters human trial
The first human trial of a vaccine designed to prevent Ebola infection opened today.

Clinical factors useful to identify heart failure patients with high risk of death
Factors identifiable at the time of hospitalization can predict the risk of death for heart failure patients, according to an article in the November 19 issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).

Study suggests US stop smoking effort paying off
States that took part in an 8-year demonstration project on smoking cessation have achieved a reduction in the prevalence of adult smoking, according to an assessment of the project in the November 19 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Approaches to preventing, treating and living with macular degeneration discussed at Academy meeting
Leading researchers discussed the latest breakthroughs in the prevention and treatment of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), and methods of visual rehabilitation, at the Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Ophthalmology, the Eye M.D.

High nuclear grade associated with recurrence of in situ breast lesions
Women with ductal carcinoma in situ, a non-invasive form of breast cancer, are more likely to experience a recurrence after treatment if their DCIS is of a high nuclear grade or is detected by palpation during a breast examination, according to a study in the November 19 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Men, women perceive Muslim world differently
For centuries, Islamic culture has been both vilified and romanticized by westerners, says University of Toronto professor Ivan Kalmar of anthropology.

Video network research aimed at bolstering national security
Wireless video sensor networks have the potential to significantly enhance national security and emergency response efforts, and the National Science Foundation (NSF) is supporting research at Virginia Tech aimed at extending the lifetime and strengthening the performance of these networks.

Salk News: Institute receives $30 million gift
An anonymous donor has made a $30 million donation to the Salk Institute for Biological Studies, providing the largest single gift in the history of the Institute.

Study to examine if new eczema drug may prevent future development of asthma
Children's Memorial Hospital is the only Chicago site for a study to determine whether early treatment of eczema using one of a new class of anti-inflammatory drugs will prevent subsequent development of asthma and other allergic diseases.

Tips from the Journals of the American Society for Microbiology
Highlights include glowing bacteria migrate on salmon and the dark side of good bacteria.

Combining medication, family counseling improves treatment outcome for men who abuse heroin
A study led by a University at Buffalo researcher has shown that combining medication and family treatment leads to improved outcomes in male heroin abusers.

Injured workers dissatisfied with compensation system
A large proportion of injured workers feel pressured to return to work before they are ready, finds a University of Toronto survey.

Medical experts say cataract and refractive surgeries merging
Leading cataract and refractive surgeons discussed the merging of cataract and refractive surgeries through use of intraocular lenses (IOLs) at the Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Ophthalmology, the Eye M.D.

New evidence links inflammation to venous disease
For a medical disorder affecting more than 250,000 Americans each year, researchers don't know much more today about what causes blood clots in veins than they did over 100 years ago.

How backhoes get the shakes
Backhoes are widely used machines with hydraulic shovels and buckets operated by mechanical controls.

Caterpillar Inc. bolsters Southern Community study with $1 million gift
The Southern Community Cohort Study (SCCS), the largest population-based health study of African-Americans ever conducted, has received a critical infusion of support from Caterpillar Inc., which has pledged $1 million to the historic initiative.

Circadian clock genes may provide targets for new cancer drugs
A tumor's growth may be controlled by a complex, gene-controlled

UCF clinic diagnoses rare Foreign Accent Syndrome
The Communicative Disorders Clinic at the University of Central Florida has diagnosed a case of Foreign Accent Syndrome, an extremely rare disorder linked to stroke-related or other internal brain injuries that leaves affected people with a foreign-sounding accent.

Cocoa froths with cancer-preventing compounds
Better than red wine or green tea, cocoa froths with cancer-preventing compounds, Cornell food scientists say.

How to hit home runs
A new study of the science behind baseball batting shows the best way to hit a home run -- if you can do the math fast enough.

Formation of lava bubbles offers new insight into seafloor formation
Scientists have a new theory for why there are so many holes and collapsed pits on the ocean bottom.

More docs favor national health insurance, study reveals
Nearly half of physicians in the United States favor governmental legislation to establish national health insurance, according to an Indiana University School of Medicine study published in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Newborn screening for certain genetic disorders has benefits and some drawbacks
Expanded newborn screening for biochemical genetic disorders may lead to improved health outcomes for affected children and lower stress for their parents, however, false-positive screening results may place families at risk of increased stress, according to a study in the November 19 issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).

Two new consortia sign up as BioMed Central members
BioMed Central announced today that it has signed institutional membership agreements with two U.S. consortia - the Consortium of Southern BioMedical Libraries (CONBLS) and Maine Biomedical Research Infrastructure Network (BRIN).

Space robot will help prevent landslides
One of the largest robots ever constructed will also be one of the most agile, thanks to technology derived from ESA space missions.

Clinicians need to put heads together on sports concussions
This editorial calls for more effective evaluation and treatment of sports-related concussions.
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