Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 27, 2003
Heart disease risk in British men is overestimated
Current scoring methods over-predict the risk of death from coronary heart disease in British men, according to a study in this week's BMJ.

The last cry of matter
'Black holes' are truly black. When an object gets within a certain distance from a black hole, it will get swallowed forever with no chance to escape.

Accelerated global warming from nutrient shortages for trees and soils
Many researchers believe that increasing amounts of CO2, belched into the atmosphere by human fossil fuel use, will be captured through nature's ability to lock up the carbon in soil organic matter and faster growing trees.

Major inequalities in access to kidney transplant waiting list revealed
Major inequalities exist in access to the kidney (renal) transplant waiting list and renal transplantation in Scotland, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

Ultraviolet irradiation in ventilation systems could reduce office sickness
Sickness among millions of office workers in industrialised countries could be reduced by the use of ultraviolet radiation to kill bacteria and molds in ventilation systems, conclude Canadian authors of a study in this week's issue of The Lancet.

Age-related muscle loss linked to protein interplay, says Stanford researcher
Researchers at Stanford University School of Medicine have found a molecular link between older muscles and slow healing.

Caesarean delivery could increase risk of future stillbirth
Authors of a UK study in this week's issue of The Lancet suggest that the risk of stillbirth in a second pregnancy could be doubled for mothers who have previously undergone caesarean section for their first child-although the absolute risk remains low at around 1 in 1100.

New drug to treat enlarged prostate developed at UCL
Millions of men stand to benefit from a discovery by UCL scientists that could provide a breakthrough in the treatment of enlargement of the prostate (BPH).

The pros and cons of HIV testing in less-developed countries
Two contrasting Viewpoint articles in this week's issue of The Lancet debate the value of HIV disease testing and counselling as part of the global strategy to reduce deaths from HIV/AIDS in Africa over the next few years.

The UK's top science stories
The UK's top science stories (Newsline update - issue 27)

No significant genetic difference in viruses responsible for two major Hong Kong SARS outbreaks
The possibility that two different strains of the SARS virus were responsible for the Prince of Wales Hospital and Amoy Gardens outbreaks in Hong Kong earlier this year is disputed by authors of a research letter in this week's issue of The Lancet.

U.S. is poorly prepared for influenza pandemic, St. Jude experts warn
The United States is not adequately prepared to respond to a worldwide outbreak of influenza, which many experts say could be imminent.

Aspirin is most cost effective way to prevent heart disease
Aspirin and blood pressure lowering drugs can prevent heart disease at a fraction of the cost of cholesterol lowering drugs (statins) and clopidogrel (an anti-clotting drug), finds a study in this week's BMJ.

Satellites assist planners preventing floods
Virtual floods modelled inside computers are an increasingly useful means for authorities to prepare for genuine river surges.

NHS makes bad use of hospital beds
The NHS uses up to three and a half times the number of hospital bed days for conditions such as stroke and hip fracture as health organisations in the United States, according to researchers in this week's BMJ.
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