Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 01, 2003
NYU Child Study Center to honor Larry Summers, President of Harvard and Ann Tenenbaum and Tom Lee
On Wednesday, December 3, 2003, The NYU Child Study Center will host its sixth annual dinner at the Regent Wall Street.

Obesity risks add to complications of gastric bypass
The same health risks that make morbidly obese patients eligible for gastric bypass surgery also leave them susceptible to complications during and after the procedure, according to a five-year imaging study led by a Duke University Medical Center radiologist.

New ultrafast MRI benefits stroke patients
A new magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technology reduces brain-imaging time from 20 minutes to three minutes while maintaining accuracy and decreasing patient discomfort.

Northeastern University physicists become first to demonstrate flat lens imaging
Researchers at Northeastern University today announced that they have been able to demonstrate the unique feature of imaging through a flat lens.

Female smokers are twice as likely as male smokers to develop lung cancer
Women have double the risk of developing lung cancer from tobacco use than do men, according to 10 years of research using computed tomography (CT) screening.

Synthetic jet and droplet atomization technologies help electronic devices keep cool
Two new technologies for removing heat from electronic devices could help future generations of laptops, PDAs, mobile phones, telecom switches and high-powered military equipment keep their cool in the face of growing power demands.

U. of Colorado's 'Little Satellite That Did' set for re-entry in coming days
A $5 million University of Colorado at Boulder satellite dubbed the

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for December 2003 (first issue)
Journal newsworthy articles include studies on how: researchers have concluded that a female fetus exerts an adverse effect on maternal asthma which can result in reduced fetal growth; infants who died of sudden infant death syndrome three weeks after a sleep study showed incomplete arousal processes during their sleep test; and active cigarette smoking is associated with resistance to short-term high dose oral corticosteroid treatment in persons with stable asthma.

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Story ideas from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory focus on tech transfer, the enviroment, and chemistry.

Study finds that fungus farming by snails causes marsh grasses to wither
A new study led by a Brown University biologist reveals that a species of marine snail uses a unique method of agriculture.

UIC researchers create tissue-engineered joint from stem cells
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have successfully turned adult stem cells into bone and cartilage, forming the ball structure of a joint found in the human jaw with its characteristic shape and tissue composition.

Annals of Internal Medicine, tip sheet, December 2, 2003
In the December 2 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine, you will find articles on a U.S. task force that recommends screening all adults for obesity and the relationship between physician-patient racial match and patient satisfaction.

Annual CT detects early-stage lung cancer, saves lives
Annual computed tomography (CT) screening is an effective diagnostic tool for detecting early-stage lung cancer in smokers and for reducing mortality rates.

Vitamins help treat depression
Vitamin B supplements may help people to fight depression. Research published this week in BMC Psychiatry shows that people suffering from depression respond better to treatment if they have high levels of vitamin B12 in their blood.

Gastric bypass surgery is riskiest for those who need it most
The same health risks that make morbidly obese patients eligible for gastric bypass surgery also leave them susceptible to complications during and after the surgery, a study of 335 patients shows.

Technique kills cancerous cells, leaves healthy cells intact
Chemists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have produced a molecule that selectively kills cancerous cells in a desired way and leaves healthy cells virtually untouched.

Computer-assisted breast imaging systems help find and characterize cancers
New computerized systems that give doctors a

Gastrointestinal specialists comment on new study on 'Virtual' colonoscopy
The American College of Gastroenterology congratulates the investigators of a new study on virtual colonoscopy that will appear in the New England Journal of Medicine next week, including Douglas K.

UT Southwestern researchers' discovery may lead to gene targets for new form of contraceptive
Deleting a particular ion channel from sperm cells causes those cells to lose the power needed for fertilization, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas found while expanding studies into male infertility.

New standard proposed for coronary artery calcium screening
Computed tomography (CT) scanning of the coronary arteries is widely used as a noninvasive method for assessing early heart disease.

Hip cartilage is newest achilles heel for golfers
Shoulders, elbows and wrists aren't the only vulnerable joints for golfers.

Brain study shows some animals crave exercise
Like junkies without drugs, mice without running wheels crave what they lack, suggesting that some animals can develop an addiction for exercise.

New evidence for Solar-like planetary system around nearby star
Astronomers at the Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Councils UK Astronomy Technology Centre (ATC) at the Royal Observatory, Edinburgh have produced compelling new evidence that Vega, one of the brightest stars in the sky, has a planetary system around it which is more like our own Solar System than any other so far discovered.

Solution to hospital infections could be in the air
A breakthrough in the fight against infections acquired in hospital could be achieved thanks to pioneering new research.

Carnegie philanthropy medals Dec. 8th
The Sainsbury family of Great Britain and Dr. Kazuo Inamori of Japan will receive the 2003 Andrew Carnegie Medals of Philanthropy on Dec.

Studies find adopted Chinese children learn English as well or better than native-born peers
It must be difficult to face an abrupt shift in language when one is just learning to speak--so thought Rena Krakow, the mother of an adopted Chinese girl, and Jenny Roberts, the aunt of an adopted Chinese girl.

Gastric bypass surgery riskiest for those who need it most
A study of 335 gastric bypass surgery patients at University Hospitals of Cleveland is being highlighted by the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) as an important warning for people considering the procedure: Physicians report important risks associated with surgery on the morbidly obese, and urge potential patients to seek care from physicians and staff with significant surgical experience and gastric bypass programs involving comprehensive post-surgical follow-up.

Communication is key to successful U.S. SARS quarantine
One of CDC's two Collaborating Centers for Public Health Law has assessed the response to SARS overseas and has developed policy options for controlling a possible outbreak of the virus in the United States.

3-D virtual colonoscopy is more sensitive than conventional procedure
Three-dimensional computed tomography (CT) colonography, also known as virtual colonoscopy, is more sensitive and less invasive than conventional colonoscopy in screening average-risk patients, reports a study of 1,233 asymptomatic adults.

New look at layered material lends insight to silicon
Engineers at Ohio State University and their colleagues have taken an unprecedented look at the interface between layers of silicon and other materials in electronic devices.

Variations in state laws affect elder abuse documentation
How domestic elder abuse cases are detected and handled differs widely across states because the relevant state laws and regulations vary greatly, according to a nationwide study.

NIH convenes Consensus Development Conference on Total Knee Replacement
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) Consensus Development Program will hold a Consensus Development Conference on Total Knee Replacement December 8-10, 2003 in the main auditorium of the William H.

MRI shows back trouble may begin before puberty
Disc degeneration, typically associated with adulthood, may actually have its beginnings at a young age.

Duke cardiologists offer new view of link between aging, atherosclerosis
The exceptions have always fascinated Duke University Medical Center cardiologist Pascal Goldschmidt, M.D.

Faulty wiring in the brain may cause early-onset schizophrenia
Using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to look into the brains of children with schizophrenia, researchers have discovered abnormalities in the white matter of the frontal lobe that disrupt the transmission of signals regulating behavior.

Emory, GlaxoSmithKline, NIMH enter public-private partnership to develop new drugs for depression
Through a unique partnership among academia, industry, and government, a team of scientists from Emory University School of Medicine, GlaxoSmithKine (GSK), and the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) will work together to accelerate the development of drugs to treat depression and other mood disorders.
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