Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 07, 2004
International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases
Journalists are invited to attend and cover the 2004 International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases (ICEID), to be held February 29 to March 3, 2004 at the Atlanta Marriott Marquis Hotel in Atlanta, Georgia.

Researchers identify key risk factor for cataracts
Ophthalmology researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Peregrine falcons may face new environmental threat
ess than five years after being removed from the endangered species list, peregrine falcons could be facing a new threat.

Monkeypox in the USA
A review in the February issue of The Lancet Infectious Diseases describes the outbreak of monkeypox that occurred in the USA in May 2003.

Tiny heaters may pave way for easier tissue engineering, medical sensors
Tiny microheaters, less than one millimeter across and coated with a special polymer, may hold the key to new techniques for engineering tissue and creating medical sensing devices.

Pioneering implants for deaf people
Two deaf women in the US have become the first people to undergo the risky procedure of having implants in their brainstems.

UCF testing way to communicate to soldiers on battlefield through vibrations
In a study funded by the U.S. Department of Defense's central research-and-development organization, UCF researchers are evaluating ways to send coded signals through miniature devices that vibrate.

Purdue research suggests 'nanotubes' could make better brain probes
Purdue University researchers have shown that extremely thin carbon fibers called

One-shot addiction treatment shows promise
A study in the January issue of Drug and Alcohol Dependence reports that a long-lasting depot medication appears safe and effective for treatment of narcotic addiction.

Cobblestone mat walking shows health benefits for elderly
A recently completed study on the health benefits of

Brookhaven scientist develops a safer way to make one class of superconductors
A scientist at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory has developed a safer, easier, and more environmentally friendly way to create a certain experimental type of superconductor, a material that conducts electricity with zero resistance.

Beagle 2 fails to call Mars express
Today's first real opportunity for the European Space Agency's Mars Express orbiter to hear a signal from Beagle 2 passed in silence.

Cells' ability to open blood's floodgates hinges on unexpected factors
A mystery of basic cell metabolism that has persisted for a century has come a major step closer to giving up its secrets.

Software that minimises facial disfigurement
Computer scientists have developed software that will help surgeons predict how a particular person's face will appear after an operation.

Hopkins researchers identify transplantation antigens among Sioux Indians
Efforts to increase organ donation among Native Americans may get a boost from research by Johns Hopkins scientists that is identifying the specific genetic makeup of the HLA system of human transplantation antigens among different Indian tribes.

Mars Express: no signal from Beagle 2 so far
ESA's Mars Express orbiter made its first attempt to establish contact with the Beagle 2 lander, after the two spacecraft separated on 19 December 2003.

Arm position matters in blood pressure readings according to UCSD medical researchers
Blood pressure readings taken on arms parallel, or extended in the same direction as the body, are up to 10 percent higher than readings taken when the elbow is at a right angle to the body with elbow flexed at heart level, according to a study published as a letter in the Jan.

Honey bee genome assembled
The National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), one of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), today announced that the first draft version of the honey bee genome sequence has been deposited into free public databases.

Nutrition 21 seeks FDA approval of diabetes-related health claims
Today, Nutrition 21, Inc. announced that the Company filed a health claim petition with FDA requesting that the Agency allow use of eight dietary supplement health claims associating chromium picolinate supplementation with reduced risk of insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes and related disease conditions.

Purdue engineers develop quick, inexpensive method to prototype microchips
Purdue University researchers have developed a new method to quickly and inexpensively create microfluidic chips, analytic devices with potential applications in food safety, biosecurity, clinical diagnostics, pharmaceuticals and other industries.

Chandra locates mother lode of planetary ore in colliding galaxies
NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory has discovered rich deposits of neon, magnesium, and silicon in a pair of colliding galaxies known as The Antennae.

Feeder-free system for maintaining pluripotency in embryonic stem cells pioneered
Rockefeller University researchers, in collaboration with two European scientists, have devised a system for maintaining human embryonic stem cell lines that excludes the need for troublesome mouse feeder cells.

UCSD Medical Center receives NIH contract to set up National Tuberculosis Educational Curriculum
The University of California San Diego (UCSD) Department of Medicine, Pulmonary Division, was recently awarded a 5-year, $6.2 million contract by the U.S.

Gene targeting prevents memory loss in Alzheimer's disease model
Northwestern University researchers have prevented learning and memory deficits in a model of Alzheimer's disease using a gene-targeting approach to block production of beta-amyloid, or

Tackling brake noise
Using laser technology to tackle the noise pollution caused by squealing breaks.

Winter weather turns on flowering gene
In four months, when flower buds spring up from the ground, you may wonder how plants know it's time to bloom.

Promising drug fails to thwart fatal lung disease in large trial
A treatment that had shown early promise in alleviating symptoms and preventing the advance of the fatal lung disease pulmonary fibrosis failed to stall the disorder's progression in 162 patients, according to the results of an international clinical trial reported in the Jan.

Using fMRI technology to understand hyperlexia
Georgetown University Medical Center researchers today published the first ever fMRI study of hyperlexia, a rare condition in which children with some degree of autism display extremely precocious reading skills.

Climate change may threaten more than one million species with extinction
Climate change could drive more than a quarter of land animals and plants into extinction, according to a major new study published in tomorrow's edition of the journal Nature.
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