Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 21, 2004
Estrogen makes the brain more vulnerable to stress
High levels of estrogen may enhance the brain's response to stress, making women more vulnerable to mental illnesses such as depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), according to a Yale study.

Northeastern releases preliminary results of Massachusetts racial and gender profiling study
The Northeastern University Institute for Race and Justice released the preliminary results of the Massachusetts Racial and Gender Profiling Project at a meeting this evening.

Two proteins may help prevent Alzheimer's brain plaques
A study led by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Scientists identify cell defects that limit immune system's impact on late-stage tumors
CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes responding to the threat of cancer cells are often unable to launch an effective attack, especially against late-stage tumors.

Computer resources help doctors answer patient care questions
You bring questions to your physician, but if your doctor has questions about how to best provide care for you, where does he or she go for answers?

Livermore scientists unveil melting point of iron
Two scientists at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory have discovered that iron in Earth-core conditions melts at a pressure of 225 GPa (or 32 million pounds per square inch) or about 5,100 kelvins (8,720 degrees Fahrenheit).

Neurologists take on challenge of advocacy work
Orla Hardiman, MD, a neurologist with the Irish Institute of Clinical Neuroscience, was selected as the American Academy of Neurology's first Palatucci Advocacy Leader of the Year.

Issues in medical ethics: 2004 Special challenges for pediatrics
The Institute for Medical Education at Mount Sinai School of Medicine will present the Eighteenth New York Regional Conference on Issues in Medical Ethics.

UCSD researchers describe cell activity leading to disruption of neuron migration
An interactions between two brain proteins that leads to abnormal brain development has been identified by UCSD researchers in a study published in the journal Neuron.

Fish, FRAMES and sticky chemicals net technology award for Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Three environmental technologies developed by researchers at the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have earned a Technology Merit Award for the laboratory in the annual Business Achievement Awards competition sponsored by the Environmental Business Journal.

Human migration tracked in Stanford computer simulation
Researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have devised a model for pinpointing where mutations first appeared, providing a new way to trace the migratory path of our earliest ancestors.

UC San Diego professor wins Academy Award for graphics breakthrough
A computer scientist at UC San Diego will receive a Technical Achievement Award from Hollywood's Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Feb.

Study rates road weather information Web sites' ease of use
Participants in a Penn State usability study of three Web-based, statewide, roadway weather information systems rated Maryland's -- at
University of Pittsburgh imaging agent study suggests breakthrough in Alzheimer's research
Scientists at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine in collaboration with researchers at Uppsala University, Sweden, have laid the groundwork for a new era in Alzheimer's disease (AD) research by completing the first human study of a compound that through positron emission tomography (PET) enables them to peer into the brains of people with the memory-stealing illness and see the telltale plaque deposits they believe are at the root of it.

How to second guess hack attacks
Mutating software could predict and defend attacks against computers before hackers have even developed them.

Endoscope goes where none have gone before
A new endoscope made of a single optical fibre, just half a millimetre wide could help surgeons peer inside narrow structures such as the inner ear and blood vessels.

Vietnam last on vaccine list
A flu vaccine that might help prevent the outbreak of bird flu in Vietnam from leading to a deadly human pandemic will soon become available.

Bacterium that causes food poisoning may lead to better anti-viral vaccines
A new vaccine formulation that utilizes an unusual protein derived from a bacterium that causes food poisoning -- Listeria -- could paradoxically be used to improve the safety and effectiveness of vaccines for a variety of viral diseases.

Emotion-regulating protein lacking in panic disorder
Panic disorder patients are lacking in a key component of a chemical messenger system that regulates emotion, researchers have discovered.

Internet voting system set for upcoming elections not secure, computer experts say
An online voting system set for upcoming primary and general elections in 2004 is vulnerable to several types of common cyber-attacks, says a new report by four top computer security experts.

Diploma or not, high school students who learn more will earn more
Even in an economy that has moved from an industrial to a technologically advanced base, basic skills matter.

Thailand dengue hemorrhagic fever epidemics spread in waves emanating from Bangkok
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health researchers used a new mathematical technique developed by NASA to study

New vaccine for herpes in final trial phase
Approximately ONE out of FOUR women in the United States has genital herpes.

Mount Sinai School of Medicine conducting clinical trials with gene therapy for colorectal cancer
Researchers at Mount Sinai School of Medicine began clinical trials on a unique and promising approach to gene therapy for colorectal cancer.

An efficient and environmentally friendly way of manufacturing gears
Czech and Russian partners co-operate to create a highly efficient, flexible and environmentally friendly alternative to current gear production processes.

GeoScience World to launch
Six leading earth science societies and one institute have agreed to develop cooperatively GeoScienceWorld (GSW), an electronic research resource unprecedented in the earth sciences.
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