Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 26, 2004
Chemical Science
Drawing together the research highlights and news from all Royal Society of Chemistry publications, 'Chemical Science' provides a 'snapshot' of the latest developments across the chemical sciences, showcasing newsworthy articles as well as the most significant scientific advances.

February 2004 Ophthalmology Journal
Studies from the February 2004 issue of Ophthalmology, the clinical journal of the American Academy of Ophthalmology, are now available.

Disappointment in search for Beagle 2
No contact has been made with the Beagle 2 lander, despite repeated efforts over the last few days to communicate via the Mars Express and Mars Odyssey spacecraft and the Jodrell Bank radio telescope in Cheshire, UK.

Reach of sigmoidoscopies inadequate in many older women
The number of sigmoidoscopy examinations that fail to attain an adequate depth of insertion increases progressively along with advancing age in men and women, according to a new study by a researcher at the San Francisco VA Medical Center (SFVAMC).

Endangered sea turtles make a dramatic turnaround
Poaching of a critically important population of endangered hawksbill sea turtles along the coast of Nicaragua has dropped by more than 79 percent, thanks to a unique program developed by the Bronx Zoo-based Wildlife Conservation Society that enlists support from local communities, fishing groups, and government agencies.

New lease of life for archive film footage
Work to develop new methods of digitally restoring archive film footage could breathe new life into old recordings and improve on the quality of the originals.

Tip sheet for the January 27, 2004 Neurology Journal
Some articles included in this issue are

Earliest evidence of humans affecting aquatic ecology in Canada, United States
New findings from Canadian scientists dispel the belief that European settlers were the first humans to cause major changes to Canadian and U.S. freshwater ecosystems.

Puzzling height of polar clouds revealed
Scientists have discovered why icy clouds found at the edge of space are higher at the South Pole than at the North.

Study: Muscles respond to getting on your feet after spinal cord injury
When someone's spinal cord is completely severed, brain signals can no longer reach the legs to tell the legs to walk.

Global warming may cause songbirds to avoid certain foods
In another example of the far-reaching impact of global warming, a URI student found evidence that suggests some songbirds may avoid eating insects that consume leaves exposed to high levels of carbon dioxide.

Advanced motion-tracking camera developed for security, surveillance
Since most criminals only strike when they aren't being watched, reliable surveillance of homes and businesses is a round-the-clock job.

URI oceanographers investigate link between last Ice Age and Indonesian volcanic eruptions
In the current issue of Geology, University of Rhode Island geological oceanographers Meng-Yang Lee and Steven Carey; Chang-Hwa Chen and Yoshiyuki Iizuka of the Academia Sinica in Taiwan; and Kuo-Yen Wei of National Taiwan University describe their investigation into the possibility that eruptions from the Toba caldera on the island of Sumatra caused a severe

Transgenic animals produced using cultured sperm
A Japanese-U.S. team today reported the successful creation of transgenic animals using sperm genetically modified and grown in a laboratory dish, an achievement with implications for a wide range of research from developmental biology to gene therapy.

C-reactive protein - more than a heart disease marker
C-reactive protein, a risk of heart disease, also participates in the atherosclerosis that narrows heart arteries.

First US tuberculosis vaccine trial in 60 years begins
A new vaccine, made with several proteins from the bacterium that causes tuberculosis (TB), will soon enter the first phase of human safety testing.

Nonprofit pharmaceutical seeks drug approval next year
The Institute for OneWorld Health announced it is only a year away from seeking approval for paromomycin, its first medicine, a drug to cure a deadly parasitic disease in India.

Signal chemical primes plants for pest attack
Physically damaged or chewed plants produce a volatile chemical that may serve as a primer to prepare nearby plants to defend themselves against insect attack, according to a team of researchers.

Online subscriptions to scientific journals often no bargain for universities
As publication of scientific research papers shifts more from print to electronic distribution, universities often buy site licenses that provide campuswide online access to a variety of journals, which cuts publishers' production costs and is more convenient for readers.

Statistics research offers new forecast of El NiƱo
A statistical model from Ohio State University is forecasting sea surface temperatures in the tropical Pacific Ocean in a new way.

Oxygen triggered the evolution of complex life forms
Oxygen played a key role in the evolution of complex organisms, according to new research published in BMC Evolutionary Biology.

European Virtual Institute for Genome Annotation receives 12 million Euro
The Commission of the European Union has awarded 12,000,000 Euro to 24 bioinformatics groups based in 14 countries throughout Europe to create a pan-European BioSapiens Network of Excellence in Bioinformatics.

Studies on statin use and fracture risk show mixed results
A review of previous studies suggests a possible benefit of statin drugs for reducing the risk of bone fracture in older women, although further research is needed to examine this question, according to an article in the January 26 issue of The Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Scientists and former military officials discuss the global nuclear threat in an age of terrorism
U.S., Russian and Asian scientists, former military officials and federal weapons laboratory representatives will offer a wide range of perspectives about the role of nuclear weapons in a post-Cold War 21st century at a conference sponsored by the Nuclear Policy Research Institute (NPRI).

Long-term effects of embryo culture on behavior studied
According to scientists at the University of Pennsylvania, culturing mouse embryos under suboptimal conditions before implantation can effect how the offspring perform in behavioral assays that assess anxiety and memory.

Black tar heroin use explains lower HIV levels among injection drug users in the Western US
UCSF researchers have found that use of black tar heroin by injection drug users in West Coast cities accounts for a dramatically lower percentage of IDUs in these locations who are infected with HIV.

Dazzling halos illuminate our dusty galaxy
The discovery of a unique phenomenon: a beautiful set of expanding X-ray halos surrounding a gamma-ray burst which have never been seen before, (see Movie link at end), has been announced by an international team of astronomers led by Dr Simon Vaughan of the University of Leicester.

Gene predisposes infants to neurologic injury after heart surgery
Children with heart conditions who require surgery as infants may be more vulnerable to neurologic problems if they have a particular variety of a gene.

New type of nanotube made of gold or silver created at the Weizmann Institute
Weizmann Institute scientists have created a new type of nanotube built of gold, silver and other nanoparticles.

New study shows Neanderthals were not our ancestors
In the most recent and mathematically rigorous study to date determining whether Neanderthals contributed to the evolution of modern humans, a team of anthropologists found strong evidence that Neanderthals differ so greatly from Homo sapiens as to constitute a different species.

Few hospitalized patients at low risk for pain
A new study suggests that pain is common in hospitalized patients, according to an article in the January 26 issue of The Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.
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