Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 27, 2004
Using a companion crop to control weeds organically
Research published in the January-February 2004 issue of Agronomy Journal has some news for organic soybean producers: use a companion crop to control weeds instead of cultivation.

Jan/Feb 2004 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
This press release describes research highlights from the Jan/Feb 2004 issue of Annals of Family Medicine.

Study finds most pediatric residents satisfied with primary care training
Researchers at Johns Hopkins Children's Center and 35 other institutions nationwide report that two-thirds of current pediatric residents in the United States are satisfied with their required pediatric primary care training.

Researchers add new drug prophylactic option against flu
A study published in the February 1 issue of The Journal of Infectious Diseases supports the efficacy of an adjunct to influenza vaccination.

American Stroke Association's 29th International Stroke Conference
The American Stroke Association's 29th International Stroke Conference will take place Thursday, Feb.

Rosetta - A new target to solve planetary mysteries
Rosetta is scheduled to be launched on board an Ariane-5 rocket on 26 February from Kourou, French Guiana.

Virginia Tech migrates supercomputer to Apple's new Xserve G5
Virginia Tech made supercomputing history in the fall of 2003 when it created the most powerful supercomputer at any university in the world in record time.

Genetic screening recommended to detect new neurodegenerative disorder in men over age 50
A team of researchers, led by physicians at the UC Davis M.I.N.D Institute, have discovered a new, progressive neurodegenerative disorder that predominantly affects men over age 50 and results in tremors, balance problems and dementia that become increasingly more severe with age.

For leg-bypass patients, drugs can save lives and limbs, but many patients go without them
The same drugs that help millions of heart patients can also aid people who have painful blockages in the blood vessels of their legs, new research shows.

Breast augmentation may interfere with mammography interpretation
Breast augmentation may interfere with the interpretation of mammography examinations for asymptomatic women, however, there is no evidence that women are diagnosed with more advanced cancers compared with women without augmentation, according to a study in the January 28 issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).

Sustained technology development promises effective explosive detection systems to curb terrorism
The terrorist acts of September 11, 2001, triggered large-scale deployment of explosive detection systems as well as explosive trace detectors, as airports across the United States rushed to protect themselves against further attacks.

X-ray shout echoing through space
ESA's X-ray observatory, XMM-Newton, has imaged a spectacular set of rings which appear to expand, with a speed a thousand times faster than that of light, around the point in the sky where a powerful gamma-ray explosion took place in early December.

Some people with migraines have an increased risk for brain lesions
Some patients that experience migraines may be at an increased risk for lesions in certain areas of the brain, according to a study in the January 28 issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).

Improving informed consent for children in cancer treatment studies
A study at six of the nation's leading children's hospitals has concluded that physicians should do a better job in communicating with parents before a child with cancer enrolls in a randomized clinical trial.

UI researchers discover new activity in cystic fibrosis protein
Even well-studied proteins can reveal surprises. University of Iowa scientists have discovered a new enzyme activity for the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR).

Predicting risk of poor outcomes in patients with heart disease using certain biomarker
Levels of the biomarker placental growth factor (PlGF) in the blood may predict the risk of heart attack or death for patients with coronary heart disease, according to a study in the January 28 issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).

Gulf between rich, poor will grow if high-profile nanotechnology opponents prevail: ethics experts
The chasm between have and have-not countries will grow even wider if nanotechnology research is upended by the unbalanced positions of high-profile opponents like Prince Charles, warns a new analysis from a leading global medical ethics think-tank.

LSU professor receives $1.8 million from NSF for cybersecurity research
An LSU professor could hold the key to successfully tracking or identifying terrorists, serial killers and other threats to homeland and local security.

Incidental PET findings may reveal undetected cancer
Incidental abnormalities detected in cancer patients by radiologists using positron emission tomography (PET) may signal new, unrelated malignancies, according to a study appearing in the February issue of the journal Radiology.

UF study: World shark attacks sink again, may signal long-term trend
The number of shark attacks worldwide took a dip for the third straight year, in part perhaps because more people are realizing the ocean is a wild place instead of a backyard swimming pool, a new University of Florida study finds.

Physicians can help family members caring for dying loved ones
Physicians have five areas of opportunity to be of service to family members caring for patients at the end of life, according to a UCSF Medical Center palliative care expert.

Canadian leaders visit UC San Diego to forge technology research relationships
Alberta's Minister of Innovation and Science led a delegation of leaders from the Canadian province to San Diego, where they discussed university-led innovation and potential research collaborations with UC San Diego.

Sandia, UNM researchers mimic photosynthetic proteins to manipulate platinum at the nanoscale
Researchers from the Department of Energy's Sandia National Laboratories and the University of New Mexico have developed a new way of mimicking photosynthetic proteins to manipulate platinum at the nanoscale.

'Grey goo' misconceptions could harm poor in developing world
A report published today on the Institute of Physics website
'Elves' makes protein crystallography easier
A computer program called Elves is a godsend to structural biologists who spend lots of time tweaking the programs that convert X-ray diffraction data into 3-D pictures of proteins.

High cholesterol predicts lower mortality in dialysis patients but is not protective
Researchers at the John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health determined that the lower mortality rate among dialysis patients with higher cholesterol is likely due to the cholesterol-lowering effects of inflammation and malnutrition, two serious complications of kidney dialysis, and not a benefit of high cholesterol.
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