Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 28, 2004
Call for increase in flu vaccination among young children
Authors of a review in the February issue of THE LANCET INFECTIOUS DISEASES conclude that current research supports a widening of influenza vaccination to specific groups of young children-including infants between six months and two years of age, children with recurrent ear infection or upper respiratory-tract infection, and healthy children attending day-care centres or elementary school.

Expertise brings Roman splendour to your home
The splendour of the Roman Empire could soon be recreated in 21st century homes - thanks to a new company and expertise at Cardiff University, UK.

Study finds no causal link between testosterone replacement, prostate cancer or cardiac disease
A retrospective analysis by researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center published in The New England Journal of Medicine found no causal relationship between testosterone replacement and prostate cancer or heart disease risk.

Artificial island arises off Dubai
The rapidly changing face of Dubai in the United Arab Emirates is portrayed by contrasting Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) images taken less than four years apart, most notably as a whole new artificial island is seen to rise from the seabed.

How the cellular 'garbage disposal' grinds to a halt to cause Batten disease
Scientists have discovered just how a genetic defect disrupts the cellular

NIST/University of Colorado Scientists create new form of matter: A fermionic condensate
Scientists at JILA, a joint laboratory of the Department of Commerce's National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Colorado at Boulder (CU-Boulder) report the first observation of a

Brain structure implicated in early onset depression
Teenagers suffering from depression may have abnormal brain structure, according to new research.

No adverse effects of aluminium in vaccines
Writing in the February issue of The Lancet Infectious Diseases, Tom Jefferson and colleagues (Cochrane Vaccines Field, Rome, Italy) report that aluminium in vaccines for diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis causes no serious or long-lasting adverse effects.

Emergency contraception issues featured during web-based conference
During a web-based conference today, two of the nation's leading experts on reproductive health and family planning presented the latest information on providing emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) to adolescents.

Civil rights campaign issues at Harvard
This day dedicated to the Civil Rights Movement includes a keynote address by NAACP Chairman Julian Bond, HMS faculty presentations about their extensive experiences in the Movement, a panel discussion about current civil rights, social justice, and health disparities issues, performances by young people from the community, and an award presentation to Boston public school children sponsored by the HMS Office for Diversity and Community Partnership.

Rare ant may help solve some mysteries of social evolution
Last fall, ecologists at Ohio State University cracked open an acorn they had found in an Ohio park and discovered a colony of extremely rare ants.

Pacific dictates droughts and drenchings
The cooler and drier conditions in Southern California over the last few years appear to be a direct result of a long-term ocean pattern known as the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO), according to research presented at the 2004 meeting of the American Meteorological Society.

Findings could aid efforts to harness nature for making drugs
Chemical engineers at Purdue University have shown how to make yeast cells double the activity and boost productivity of a type of enzyme plants need to create important chemicals such as anticancer compounds.

Brash western skylines younger than previously believed
The final step in forming the dramatic Santa Catalina and Rincon mountain ranges occurred as recently as six million years ago.

Robotic surgery for young heart patients shortens hospital stay and speeds recovery, study indicates
The first-ever direct comparison of robot-assisted and traditional surgery for children's heart defects shows the robot's help reduces patients' recuperation time and surgery-related trauma and scarring, while extending the length of the operation by just over half an hour.

Pain may interfere with depression improvement
Treatment for depression may be stymied in people with moderate to severe body pain, according to a new study.

Low free testosterone levels linked to Alzheimer's disease in older men
Older men with lower levels of free, or unbound, testosterone circulating in their bloodstreams could be at higher risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD) than their peers, according to new research.

AGU journal highlights - 28 January 2004
In these Highlights: Solar storms, Arctic sea ice movement, drought and global warming, seismicity in eastern Turkey, space-based analysis of tropospheric methane, gravity waves, atmospheric nitrogen, carbon sequestration in saltwater ecosystems, global warming and ocean circulation, and likely glass particles on Mars.
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