Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 30, 2004
Lock to food-borne pathogen pathway may be key to vaccine
A previously unidentified protein on the surface of intestinal cells is giving Purdue University researchers clues on how to prevent disease.

Finding may help eczema sufferers tolerate smallpox vaccine
The lack of a certain peptide in the skin of people with atopic dermatitis--the most common form of eczema--may explain why they are at high risk of adverse reactions to the smallpox vaccine, report scientists in the February Journal of Immunology. The finding may lead to new treatments to allow those with the skin condition to be vaccinated against smallpox without breaking out in a potentially deadly rash.

New cryogenic refrigerator dips chips into a deep freeze
In a major advance for cryogenics, NIST researchers have developed a compact, solid-state refrigerator capable of reaching temperatures as low as 100 milliKelvin.

RIT study benchmarks quality of digital archiving in American museums
RIT takes the lead on benchmarking study to improve the quality of art imaging in American museums.

Monkey talk, human speech share left-brain processing
Scans have pinpointed circuits in the monkey brain that could be precursors of those in humans for speech and language.

Protein Data Bank receives $30 million grant
The Rutgers-based Protein Data Bank has begun the year with a record commitment of $30 million in federal support for the next five years.

First auxiliary telescope for the VLT Interferometer installed at Paranal
Another advanced astronomical telescope has just been installed at ESO's Paranal Observatory.

Researchers discover that a virus can naturally target and kill tumors
Researchers at NYU School of Medicine found that one mosquito-borne virus automatically targets and kills tumor cells in mice.

'Kissing' RNA and HIV-1: Unraveling the details
A subtle structural change that may play a role in the molecular machinery for making HIV-1 (the virus that causes AIDS) has been identified by scientists from NIST and University of Maryland working at the Center for Advanced Research in Biotechnology (CARB).

Reduced risk for developing type 2 diabetes recommended for inclusion in Xenical's European label
Roche announced today that reduced risk for developing type 2 diabetes has been recommended for inclusion in Xenical's European label.

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for February 2004 (first issue)
Highlighted newsworthy studies show: that increases in the antioxidants beta-carotene and vitamin C, along with selenium, were associated with a lower risk of asthma prevalence in U.S. children; that airway inflammation is present in persons who have occupational asthma years after the provoking agent is gone; and that continuous positive airway pressure for heart failure patients with sleep apnea improves heart function, reduces oxygen deficiency, and enhances quality of life.

Stirring research provides recipe for nanotube success
In a set of experiments reported in the Jan. 30 Physical Review Letters, NIST reseachers provide insights into how to manufacture polymers that contain nanotubes more efficiently.

New mode of action discovered for tamoxifen
First used to treat breast cancer more than 30 years ago, tamoxifen now is one of the most widely used breast cancer therapies.

Moderate-fat diet is kinder to heart than low-fat diet, study by UB researcher shows
Overweight individuals who adopt a low-fat diet in hopes of lessening their risk of heart disease and diabetes may be venturing down the wrong path, results of a new study headed by a nutritional researcher at the University at Buffalo have shown.

Scientists discover where snakes lived when they evolved into limbless creatures
The mystery of where Earth's first snakes lived as they were evolving into limbless creatures from their lizard ancestors has intrigued scientists for centuries.

Highlights of Tufts University nutrition research: January 2004
This press release highlights the latest information coming from the Friedman School of Nutrition Science Policy at Tufts University.

Envisat completes its ten thousandth orbit around Earth
Around 7pm CET on 28 January 2004, ESA's Envisat spacecraft completed its ten thousandth orbit of the Earth - travelling a distance of 450 million kilometres since launch, equivalent to taking a trip to Mars.

Largest brain repair initiative in MS will speed strategies to restore nerve function
The National MS Society has just launched a novel initiative to speed research on nervous system repair and protection in multiple sclerosis.

Dazzling new light source opens at Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory
The SPEAR3 facility was formally opened at a dedication ceremony at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) on January 29.

American Statistical Association calls for nominations for Excellence in Statistical Reporting Award
The American Statistical Association announces a new award for 2004 for Excellence in Statistical Reporting.

Want a side of algae with that? Hawaiian farmers sell seaweed by the seashore
UA researchers are helping Molokai residents develop a new cash crop that also replenishes the reef's algae.
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