Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 09, 2004
Prejudice from thin air
In situations requiring snap decisions, anger triggered automatic prejudice towards people of a different race, ethnicity, or creed seemingly out of thin air according to a study by psychology professors David DeSteno and Nilanjana Dasgupta from Northeastern University and UMass Amherst, respectively.

Early fevers associated with lower allergy risk later in childhood
Infants who experience fevers before their first birthday are less likely to develop allergies by ages six or seven, according to a new study funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID).

Breast cancer vaccine study
Researchers at the Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania have begun a Phase I clinical trial to evaluate the effectiveness of a telomerase peptide as a possible vaccine against breast cancer.

Researchers-again-pinpoint why stress kills
The physiological link between chronic stress and irregular heartbeat is established, just in time for Valentine's Day.

Making of mouse marks move toward 'mitochondrial medicine'
Scientists have created a new kind of mouse by replacing the genetic material in the mitochondria of one species with that from another.

Major boost for European zebrafish research
The European Commission has awarded an unprecedented 12 million Euros for zebrafish research to a consortium of 15 European institutions, led by the Max Planck Institute for Developmental Biology.

Race may be a factor in treatment of rectal cancer patients
Black patients with rectal cancer are diagnosed at a younger age and with more advanced stage of disease than white patients, but are less likely to receive radiation treatment, according to an article in the February issue of The Archives of Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Asia's biodiversity vanishing into the marketplace
Unless the wildlife trade can be controlled, Asia will lose much of its unique biodiversity, experts of the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) said today in Kuala Lumpur at the 7th Conference of the Parties for the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP-7), convened to address the world's priority conservation issues.

DuPont products go to Mars and beyond
Opportunity has landed. Since the birth of manned space flight more than four decades ago, DuPont has been along for the ride with products essential for lighter weight, reduced volume, durability and environmental resistance.

'Dry eye' in women may be linked to sex hormones
Women whose ovaries prematurely cease functioning may be at a greater risk for dry eye symptoms, according to an article in the February issue of The Archives of Ophthalmology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

European Society for Medical Oncology Cancer Conference
More than 7,000 physicians and scientists will attend over 500 presentations on the latest developments concerning the diagnosis and treatment of cancer, progress in research, and promising new technologies.

AERA invites you to the most significant meeting of research in education
More than 2,000 educational researchers will present results of their research, conducted in the United States and abroad.

Clozapine effective for controlling dyskinesias in people with severe Parkinson's
Low-dose clozapine is effective in treating dyskinesias (involuntary, often jerky movements) resulting from long-term levodopa therapy in patients with severe Parkinson's disease, according to a study in the February 10 issue of Neurology, the scientific journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Rectal cancer treatment gaps, especially for African Americans, seen in new study
Colorectal cancer may be getting a lot of attention in the public eye, but many rectal cancer patients still aren't getting the best care -- especially those who are African-American.

Depression may be a risk factor for heart disease, death in older women
Older women with symptoms of depression may be at an increased risk of heart disease and death, according to an article in the February 9 issue of The Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

UT Southwestern researchers find leptin turns fat-storing cells into fat-burning cells
Increasing leptin, a protein involved in regulating body weight, in laboratory animals transforms fat-storing cells into unique fat-burning cells, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas report.

U.S. push for diesel poses risk to public health, scientists say
Some lawmakers and car manufacturers advocate widespread diesel use in passenger vehicles as a strategy for reducing the production of so-called ''greenhouse gases'' thought to cause global warming.

Genes influence memory in families with Alzheimer's disease
Genes play a strong role in how well our memory works, according to a study of families with more than one person with Alzheimer's disease.

Survey shows impact of psoriasis is more than skin deep
People with psoriasis experience a crisis in self-confidence so severe it can darken almost every aspect of life, from the quality of a person's love life to performance on the job and day-to-day social interactions.

Chronic cough significantly impacts life quality in women
Chronic cough affects women more severely than men and greatly impacts their quality of life, says a study published in the February issue of Chest, the peer-reviewed journal of the American College of Chest Physicians.

Contract awarded for SNS inner plug assembly
A contract for $2.6 million has been awarded to a Nashville company to provide a key component for the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

Death rates for certain complex surgeries lower at teaching hospitals
Death rates for some complex gastrointestinal surgical procedures are lower at teaching hospitals than at non-teaching hospitals, according to an article in the February issue of The Archives of Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

A common cleanser is cheaper and faster way to separate DNA for genetic analysis
By identifying a 30-year-old mistaken assumption, Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center scientists have found that substituting a simple bleach solution for more complex tools makes a DNA separation technique called electrophoresis five times faster and less costly.

New evidence points to pollution as main cause of much coral reef destruction
In the current issue of the Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, Harbor Branch scientists present new experimental evidence in the contentious debate over the main causes of coral reef destruction around the world.

Exploring Mars with balloons
Dr. Alexey Pankine, a project scientist at the Global Aerospace Corporation, is presenting an analysis of balloon applications for Mars exploration at the Space Technology and Applications International Forum in Albuquerque, NM on February 10, 2004.

Combining surgery with novel treatment may improve survival rates
Researchers at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center report in the February issue of Annals of Surgical Oncology that surgery combined with inserting heated chemotherapy drugs directly into the abdomen can improve survival rates and quality of life in patients with cancer of the abdominal cavity that has spread from the colon.

Symposium focuses on unique challenges of environmental pathogens
A symposium sponsored by the American Academy of Microbiology,

International grant supports study related to preventing organ rejection
A University of Iowa transplantation researcher is among a handful of organ transplantation investigators in the United States to receive an international competitive grant for a study that could help lead to new therapies to prevent organ rejection in recipients.

Study examines inappropriate medication prescribing for elderly patients
Medications considered

A shocking surprise: High voltage + rats = ozone, reopens power-line debate
Rats subjected to extreme electromagnetic fields produce dangerous levels of the toxic gas ozone, according to a new study out of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
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