Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 14, 2004
Surveillance and containment would be effective intervention against deliberate smallpox attack
In the event of a large, intentional release of smallpox, the current government policy of post-release surveillance and containment, if quickly implemented, would be sufficient to prevent a widespread epidemic, according to a study by biostatisticians at Emory University's Rollins School of Public Health.

Pacific Northwest National Lab unveils most complete human blood-plasma proteome map to date
Researchers have identified an astounding 4,000 distinctive proteins in human blood plasma, a critical step toward cataloguing biological markers for early diagnosis cancer and other diseases.

Titan is ideal lab for oceanography, meteorology
Saturn's moon Titan will give scientists their first look at oceans beyond Earth when the Cassini mission reaches Saturn later this year.

Intelligent design: The new 'big tent' for evolution's critics
For Ron Numbers, the leading historian of the struggle between Darwinism and the anti-evolution movements of the past 140 years, intelligent design is simply the latest effort to create a

HUPO scientists tackle human blood plasma proteome
U-M scientist Gilbert Omenn directs the Human Plasma Proteome Project, one of several initiatives organized by the Human Proteome Organization (HUPO).

Small resource changes might reduce Kenya poverty
Alice Pell, professor of animal science at Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y., is the principal investigator on a five-year, multidisciplinary research effort to study how small changes in natural resources could have profound effects on people's lives.

Religion guides views of fertility treatment in Middle East
Among Muslims, reproductive technologies can clash with deeply held religious beliefs about the importance of biologically based kinship, family life and parenthood.

How well do scientists communicate with the public about vaccine safety?
Paul A. Offit, MD, Director of the Vaccine Education Center and Chief of Infectious Diseases at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, is an internationally prominent expert on vaccine safety.

U. of Colorado professor pioneering tissue engineering from knees to hearts to brains
University of Colorado at Boulder Professor Kristi Anseth, an investigator with the prestigious Howard Hughes Medical Institute, has high hopes for the future of tissue engineering as a way to make people healthier, happier and to live longer.

Anti-interferon beta antibodies in MS care: A consensus
The advent of biologics (protein-based medications) has benefited countless patients with chronic diseases.

Anthrax spores can germinate, grow and reproduce in soil
For Bacillus anthracis, the bacterium that causes anthrax, nothing beats the inside of a warm human or animal host for triggering an intense spurt of rapid growth and reproductive activity.

Feeling good about placebos
A Michigan State University medical ethicist believes giving a patient a placebo the old-fashioned way - using some kind of

University of Minnesota professors to speak at symposium on international trade
Professors will discuss international trade, including the effects of American trade policies and the safety of genetically modified organisms at

Highway to hydrogen: A long and winding road
Following the National Academy of Sciences criticism of the Bush administration's plans for hydrogen fuel cell vehicles last week, taxpayers are left wondering how realistic is the vision for a hydrogen economy, what kinds of approaches are scientists and engineers taking and just what are the technical hurdles involved.

Symposium examines the growing influence of aerosols on climate
In a few decades, it's likely that scientists will look back at the early part of the 21st century and regard it as a fundamental stage in understanding the importance of the effects of aerosols on Earth's climate.

K-State professor to give paper on potential impact of ag bioterrorism
The key to minimizing impact is early detection and accurate diagnosis.

U.S. commission makes dramatic recommendations for ocean health
In June 2003, the Pew Oceans Commission released recommendations

Planning effective bioterror responses
New modeling studies show how bioterror agents may spread throughout the population in the case of an attack and how such attacks can be detected.

Nobel laureate discusses muse for Lavoisier
In a symposium,

Risk and food are on the same plate: World food safety experts offer new methods to assess risk
New methods are in the pipeline to improve the safety of the world's food supply, and the need is imminent, said the director of the National Food Safety and Toxicology Center at Michigan State University.

Computer scientists develop tool for mining genomic data
Equipped with cutting-edge techniques to track the activity of tens of thousands of genes in a single experiment, biologists now face a new challenge - determining how to analyze this tidal wave of data.

National ocean commissioners & scientists call for overhaul of ocean policies & management
At a AAAS press conference in Seattle on February 14th, at 12:00 noon PT, leaders from both the U.S.

Digging for truth in Guatemala
AAAS, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, helped train the first forensic anthropology team to exhume and examine thousands of Guatemala's dead, beginning in 1992.

Database on blood and marrow stem cell transplants now available online
The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), the National Library of Medicine (NLM) and the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), components of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), today launched the first public database of results from clinical blood and marrow stem cell transplants involving unrelated donors.

Landowners' pursuit of different land-use strategies may confound policymakers
A burgeoning human population has put increasing pressure on the world's land, so smart land-use strategies that prevent hunger, support economies and preserve ecological diversity are now more critical than ever.

Vaccine risk acceptance depends on what you do and don't know
In general, people in the United States view vaccines as safe.

Seeing the forest for the trees: The future of environmental policy lies in interaction
The future of environmental policy lies in embracing ambiguity - in the understanding that the days of dreaming of isolated fixes to problems are over.

Lake restrictions make lakeshore property more valuable
People are willing to pay more to live on a lake that's protected from degradation, often related to lakeshore development.

K-State science education professor to give symposium
John Staver will deliver a paper titled
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