Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 23, 2004
Kidney transplant patients who develop diabetes show poor short-term outcomes
Patients who develop diabetes shortly after kidney transplantation have poorer short-term outcomes than those who had the disease before transplant, according to a Penn State Milton S.

Heart disease associated with oral health
A new study from Karolinska Institutet in Sweden shows, for the first time, an association between coronary heart disease and oral health in women.

Protein abundant in human tumors confers resistance to anticancer drugs
A research team led by Dr. Donald Kufe from the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston, Massachusetts examined the role of a protein called MUC1 in drug resistance in cancer cells.

Fuel-cell microbes' double duty: treat water, make energy
Something big may be brewing on the sewage treatment circuit thanks to a new design that puts bacteria on double-duty-treating wastewater and generating electricity at the same time.

Postmenopausal hormone therapy associated with increased risk for developing asthma
Postmenopausal women who use hormone therapy are at a higher risk for developing asthma, but not chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to an article in the February 23 issue of The Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Who Will Care for Us?
A Johns Hopkins Nursing Symposium adresses health care for the aging population.

Mastectomy dramatically reduces breast cancer risk among women with BRCA1/2 mutations
Two studies from the Abramson Cancer Center at the University of Pennsylvania appearing online in the Journal of Clinical Oncology (JCO) have important implications for women with BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations.

Once a myth, now an object of study
On 26 February, Rosetta will be setting off on its long journey through our solar system to meet up with Comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko.

UNC study may improve gene therapy safety
New research from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill may hold keys to improving the safety of human gene therapy.

Microbial fuel cell cleans, generates electricity from domestic wastewater
Penn State environmental engineers have shown, for the first time, that a microbial fuel cell (MFC) can generate electricity while simultaneously cleaning the wastewater that you flush down the drain or toilet.

Tip sheet for the February 24, 2004 Neurology
Topics in Neurology: Studies examine side effects of treating primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL); Comparing the tests that measure brain atrophy and disease progression in Alzheimer's; Does triptan use in migraines increase the risk of stroke?; Patient Page and study examine interferon treatment in MS.

Despite confinement, crop genes can spread fast to wild
With the slim chance that farmers will stop planting crops containing genes from other organisms, researchers have started to develop strategies that trap these foreign genes, reducing the risk that they'll spread to wild relatives.

ESA prepares mission to search for life on Mars
Before humans can leave their boot prints on the dusty surface of Mars, many questions have to be answered and many problems solved.

Computer method identifies potentially active enzymes
Better drugs, improved industrial applications and even cleaner laundry may be possible with a new computer method to predict which hybrid enzymes are likely to have high activity, according to a team of Penn State chemists and chemical engineers.

Study moves in on why astronauts suffer bone loss
A new study by researchers at San Francisco VA Medical Center (SFVAMC) moves in on the physiological basis for the bone density loss experienced by people subjected to prolonged periods of bed rest and by astronauts who fly lengthy missions under the weightless conditions of space.

University of Delaware lays keel for new research vessel
The University of Delaware has begun construction of a state-of-the-art coastal research vessel that will allow for clean and quiet operations.

Women who were sexually abused as children more likely to smoke
Women who were sexually abused as children are much more likely to be current smokers than women who weren't abused as children.

Home on the RangeView
Riding the range isn't the only way to find out what's growing on your ranch.

MCOs shortchange minority Medicaid patients
Even when they are enrolled in the same Medicaid managed care organizations (MCOs), patients who are members of linguistic, racial or ethnic minorities report worse care than White English speakers, a Penn State-led study has shown.

U of M researchers a step further in Type 1 diabetes treatment
Researchers at the University of Minnesota's Diabetes Institute for Immunology and Transplantation (DIIT) and the University of California San Francisco (UCSF) Diabetes Center have achieved insulin independence in four of six patients with long-term Type 1 diabetes using one infusion of insulin-producing

USC researchers produce a hairier mouse
A transgenic mouse designed to grow more hair than other mice has provided researchers with some surprising results-and insight into the development and regulation of growth in epithelial organs that extend beyond skin and hair.

Scientists watch 'movie' of neutron star explosion in real-time
Scientists at the Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics (CITA) and NASA have captured unprecedented details of the swirling flow of gas hovering just a few miles from the surface of a neutron star, itself a sphere only about ten miles across.

Antibiotics may not be necessary when treating children with a simple skin abscess
Physicians may not need to prescribe antibiotics when treating a common skin infection in children, according to researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas.

Number of children linked to obesity for mom and dad
The more children a person has, the greater the risk he or she will become obese, according to a new study from Duke University Medical Center.

UC San Diego faculty receive funding from von Liebig Center to commercialize academic research
Six projects led by engineering faculty at UC San Diego won $275,000 in awards to bring their technologies closer to commercialization in areas ranging from biosensors and nano-photonics to Internet networking and wireless data services.

Purdue scientists: Genetically modified fish could damage ecology
The genetic modifications that improve animals for human consumption also could doom populations if released into the wild.

Fiber intake from fruits and cereals may reduce risk of coronary heart disease
Consumption of dietary fiber from fruits and cereals may lower the risk of coronary heart disease, according to an article in the February 23 issue of The Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Mayo Clinic discovers important clue to new treatments for lymphoma, breast and colon cancers
Mayo Clinic cancer researchers have discovered a key partnership between two genes in mice that prevents the development of cancer of the lymph nodes, known as T-cell leukemia or lymphoma.

Double mastectomies significantly lower risk of breast cancer in women who are genetically at risk
An international study led by researchers from the Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania has found that a prophylactic double mastectomy can lower the risk of developing breast cancer by 90 percent in women genetically pre-disposed to the disease.

Depression on College Campuses conference
A two-day conference examining the especially high risk of depression that college students face, and its links to stress, sleep and alcohol, will feature many national experts, including three NIH institute directors.

Specialists: Laparoscopy can help infertile women avoid months of unnecessary treatments
New research indicates that many women with infertility due to ovulation problems who do not become pregnant after using the fertility pill clomiphene citrate should undergo a laparoscopy prior to further treatment.

Study compares clinical diagnoses and autopsy diagnoses in ICU deaths
Comparing clinical diagnoses with autopsy findings for patients who died in intensive care units (ICUs) provides information about underlying missed diagnoses, according to an article in the February 23 issue of The Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

New discovery may lead to therapy for incurable blood cancer
A recent finding may lead to new treatments for multiple myeloma, an incurable cancer of immune cells called plasma cells that are present in the blood and bone marrow.

Argonne licenses Anti-Jet-Lag-Diet software to online company
The Anti-Jet-Lag Diet, developed by the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory, is now officially online.

Insulin decreases inflammation, aids clot-busting drugs in heart attack patients, UB study shows
Incorporating insulin into the mix of clot-busting and anticoagulation drugs administered to a patient suffering a heart attack significantly lowers the amount of inflammation in the blood vessels following the attack, a response that can improve a patient's chances of survival, a study conducted by researchers from the University at Buffalo has shown.

March Geology and GSA Today media highlights
The March issue of Geology covers a wide variety of subjects and includes several newsworthy items.

Jefferson scientists unlocking secrets of cholesterol transport in body
Scientists at Jefferson Medical College have discovered one part of the mechanism behind a popular anti-cholesterol drug.
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