Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 25, 2004
First robot moved by muscle power
Researchers in a Los Angeles lab have for the first time used living muscle tissue to propel a micromachine.

Marsupial among model organisms next in line for sequencing
The Large-Scale Sequencing Research Network this year will begin sequencing the genomes of more than a dozen new model organisms, including the first marsupial to have its DNA deciphered.

Carbohydrates offer some help in muscle protein synthesis, but not enough for the desired effect
A new study is the first to compare net muscle protein balance (protein synthesis minus breakdown) after carbohydrate ingestion with control after exercise.

Converting research into commercial reality
The winner of the 2003/04 UK Research Councils' Business Plan Competition is announced.

Experts to lecture in US cities this spring about new human origins research
Should we follow Atkins or Pritikin to eat well and live right?

Science, policy forum focuses on 'mad cow' and related diseases
The CeresĀ® Forum, Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies in Animal and Human Health: The Science and the Policy, organized and moderated by Virginia Tech's Center for Food and Nutrition Policy, will discuss and compare current policies with the existing science of infectious prions (BSE in cattle, Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease in people exposed to the BSE infectious agent, and chronic wasting disease in deer and elk).

See Rosetta's launch from your desktop
Follow the events as Rosetta is launched on an Ariane 5 from Kourou, French Guiana at 0836 CET (0736 UT) on Thursday 26 February.

Adolescent brains show reduced reward anticipation
Adolescents show less activity than adults in brain regions that motivate behavior to obtain rewards, according to results from the first magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study to examine real-time adolescent response to incentives.

Astonishing discovery over the Amazonian rain forest
An international research team has discovered huge amounts of unexpected organic aerosols over the South-American tropical rain forests.

Embryonic pig cell transplants halt rat diabetes
An experimental cross-species transplant to treat diabetes has passed an early test in rats with better-than-expected results, suggesting the innovative approach might halt type 1 diabetes while greatly reducing the risk of rejection.

Large diamonds made from gas are the hardest yet
A group headed by scientists at the Carnegie Institution's Geophysical Laboratory in Washington, D.C., has produced gem-sized diamonds that are harder than any other crystals.

ISS to receive experimental figurehead during spacewalk
What resembles the head and torso of a human and will be attached outside the International Space Station?

Purdue chemists 'put the twist' on protein building block
Purdue scientists have made an important biological molecule called tryptamine

First ever legal challenge filed against the patenting of an animal
A patent on live beagle dogs was challenged in a legal action filed today by two non-profit organizations seeking to rescind the patent.

UCL study questions basis for treatment of diseases including cancer and arthritis
One of the methods for treating diseases that include cancer, arthritis and radiation sickness is challenged by new research by a team of scientists at University College London (UCL).

Faster carbon turnover in basal food-chain levels in aquatic than terrestrial ecosystems
Improved knowledge of how carbon moves through food chains of aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems is required to understand capacity of ecosystems to sequester excess atmospheric CO2, improving climate change scenario predictions.

New study seeks to establish mechanism between areas of the brain and continence
When we want to go, why can we

Seeking a mechanical solution to nation's number-one children's illness
As bacteria become resistant to the antibiotics prescribed for ear infections, the researchers use finite element analysis and mathematical modeling to study the eustachian tube.

Dana-Farber scientists discover natural blocker of HIV-1 virus
Researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute have identified a protein in Old World monkeys that blocks infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1).

Batteryless implants to monitor heart
Miniature sensors, the size of a grain of rice, might soon be implanted into the heart of patients with congestive heart failure.

Researchers discover new family of Atlantic corals, upset prior coral classifications
An international research team has identified a family of corals found only in the Atlantic Ocean-a first for such classifications in that ocean-in a study that could transform how corals are viewed and classified.

Researchers discover new family of Atlantic corals in groundbreaking study
An international research team led by scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California, San Diego, and the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama, has identified a family of corals found only in the Atlantic--a first for such classifications in that ocean--in a study that could transform the way corals are viewed and classified throughout the world.

Researchers receive NIH grant to open pediatric pharmacology research center
Pediatric researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas have received a $2 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to establish a pharmacology research center at Children's Medical Center Dallas to study how children react to drugs.

High blood pressure in the lungs a major risk for death in adults with sickle cell disease
A new study reveals that nearly one third of adults with sickle cell disease develop high blood pressure in their lungs and that the condition, known as pulmonary hypertension, causes a much higher death rate in patients with the complication than those without it.

Turtles indeed in danger
Whilst many sea turtle populations are declining, quantifying contributory factors proves challenging.

Study shows drug can heal, reduce recurrence of fistulas in Crohn's disease
An international study has found that maintenance therapy with the drug infliximab, a monoclonal antibody used to treat Crohn's disease, can prevent or delay the recurrence of fistulas, a common complication of that inflammatory bowel disorder.

Scientists find HIV-blocking protein in monkeys
Scientists at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute have identified a protein that blocks HIV replication in monkey cells.

New tool measures children's own health perceptions
The Child Health and Illness Profile, Child Edition (CHIP-CE) is a set of new assessment tools to measure children's perceptions of their own health and well-being.

DFG establishes 14 new research units
The Grants Committee on General Research Funding of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) has resolved to establish 14 new Research Units.

The American Academy of Nurse Practitioners to host 19th Annual Conference
The American Academy of Nurse Practitioners (AANP) will host its 19th annual national conference at the Ernest N.

A new step in spintronics
University of Utah physicists have taken an important step toward a new generation of faster, cheaper computers and electronics by building the first

Capturing cell protein production in action could help fight antibiotic resistance
The fight against antibiotic resistance could be aided by new 3D images of the final steps involved in manufacturing proteins in living cells, scientists reveal today in a letter to Nature.

Texas nonprofit corporation launches vaccine information service
I4PH is now hosting the National Network for Immunization Information (NNii), an established affiliation of organizations that provides up-to-date, scientifically valid information about vaccines and immunizations through its Web site
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