Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 03, 2004
College education protects Caucasian women against obesity more than African American women
College-educated African American women have significantly higher body mass index (BMI) ratings than Caucasian women who have been to college, according to a presentation given today at the American Psychosomatic Society Conference in Orlando, Fla.

Naropin® now approved for intrathecal (spinal) administration in the European Union (EU)
AstraZeneca announced today that its long-acting local anaesthetic Naropin® (ropivacaine) 5.0 mg/ml was recommended for approval in all EU member states for a new route of administration, intrathecal (spinal) administration.

Pioneering treatments for irritable bowel syndrome, post traumatic stress disorder
University at Albany researchers are pioneering more accessible, cost-effective treatment programs for two of the nation's common ailments, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS).

Aquatic scientists divided on role of sea lice from salmon farms in decline of native salmon in B.C.
Salmon farms in British Columbia may pose a threat to wild salmon stocks, a paper published today in the Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences claims.

Policy highlights from Tufts University Friedman School of Nutrition
This press release features the latest information from the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University.

Power plants, other industry could offer contracts to farmers in helping reduce carbon emissions
Two research economists say electrical power plants and other manufacturing agencies could someday seek the aid of farmers, offering contracts to help industrial firms reduce carbon emissions.

Studies highlight impact of Sept. 11, Iraq war on adolescents
Three months after the 9-11 terrorist attacks in the United States, 10 percent of black adolescents attending an inner-city Southern high school were reporting clinically significant symptoms of post-traumatic stress, such as hypervigilance and recurring, disturbing memories, according to researchers at the Medical College of Georgia.

Painkiller linked to rise in overdose deaths
Forensic science experts fear that a huge increase in methadone prescriptions for use as painkillers, are feeding the black market and causing an alarming rise in deaths related to the drug in the US.

Mouse model of neuromuscular disease identifies key player in motor neuron death
Scientists have created a new mouse model for SBMA. This study examines the pathology and points to a possible therapeutic strategy for this and other motor neuron diseases.

DNA chip will catch beefed up chicken
How can you tell if your chicken has been bulked up with beef or pork waste?

New human embryonic stem-cell lines to be made available to researchers
Howard Hughes Medical Institute researchers at Harvard University announced today that they have derived 17 new human embryonic stem-cell lines.

Freeze-dried sperm can fertilize rabbit oocytes
A team of reproductive scientists has successfully used

Nutrition education helps stretch meager food budgets
The Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP) can significantly reduce how often families out of food, according to a study of more than 16,000 EFNEP participants conducted by Cornell nutritionists.

Ocean's surface could have big impact on air quality, study says
Certain ions bouncing on the ocean's surface and in droplets formed by waves may help increase ozone levels in the air we breathe.

Engineers create exoskeleton that can enhance human strength and endurance
UC Berkeley engineers have developed a robotic exoskeleton that can literally lighten people's loads.

Texas economist: Consumers likely to see cheaper chicken at grocery outlets
Consumers may soon see a drop in the price of chicken at grocery stores after the recent discovery of avian influenza in the United States.

Carnegie Mellon develops new sensor to detect computer hard drive failures
Carnegie Mellon University researchers have designed a new heat-sensitive sensor to detect computer hard drives.

Compact fuel cells could oust batteries
Battery technology cannot keep pace with advanced smartphones. But researchers in America have found a trick that boosts the power of miniature hydrogen fuel cells by up to 50 per cent that could keep gadgets running.

Zengen's new study reviews novel approach to control inflammation using melanocortin receptors
Zengen, Inc. announced today that its researchers have discovered that activation of melanocortin receptors (MCR) subtypes MC1R and MC3R could be a novel strategy to control inflammatory disorders.

Paleofire database puts fire-scar and charcoal data online
Scientists are urging others to add data to a new online fire history database.

Those infected with HIV may benefit from infection with another virus, says Jefferson virologist
Another virus could hold a key to helping researchers devise new strategies against HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.

Harmless virus associated with longer life for some HIV-positive men
Scientists have shown that an apparently harmless virus is associated with longer life for HIV-positive men, but only when it infects them for many years.

The making of an Ariane 5 launch
As Ariane 5 sped into space carrying Rosetta, it was easy to forget that behind this and every launch is a cast of hundreds.

Stem-cell therapy could have benefits and risks for heart-attack PTs
Two studies in this week's issue of THE LANCET raise questions about the feasibility and safety of stem-cell therapy for heart disease, suggesting that such treatments could have both benefits and drawbacks.

Migraine mouse provides insight into neurobiology of devastating headaches
Researchers created a mouse model to examine a subtype of migraine called familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM).

Ornamental palms vulnerable to disease
Considered the princes of the plant world, palms are unlike many plant families in the fact that they provide both food and shelter to people, while at the same time are admired and collected for aesthetic reasons.

Rare 'tumbleweed' survives Antarctic conditions
A balloon-shaped robot explorer that one day could search for water on other planets has survived some of the most trying conditions on planet Earth during a 70-kilometer (40-mile), wind-driven trek across Antarctica.

Complementary, alternative therapies for neurological disorders detailed in new book
A new book by Barry Oken, M.D., a neurologist at Oregon Health & Science University's School of Medicine, recommends complementary and alternative medicine therapies as part of a

Depression predicts mortality in women with heart disease
Women with coronary artery disease are twice as likely to die if they exhibit symptoms of depression, when compared to women who do not show such signs, according to a new analysis by researchers at Duke University Medical Center.

Majority of authors retract 1998 Lancet paper-Lancet editor points to implications
This statement refers to the Early Report

Study gives lowdown on high-temperature superconductivity
A new study by theoretical physicists at the University of Toronto and the University of California at Los Angeles (ULCA) could bring scientists one step closer to the dream of a superconductor that functions at room temperature, rather than the frigid temperatures more commonly found in deep space.

Northwestern Memorial researchers study role of botanicals in management of menopausal symptoms
Researchers at Northwestern Memorial Hospital, in collaboration with researchers at the UIC/NIH Center for Botanical Dietary Supplements and Northwestern University, are seeking menopausal women to participate in a randomized study to test the effectiveness of two herbal products -black cohosh and red clover - in relieving symptoms associated with menopause.

Particle physicists look to the future
The Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council has this week approved a £21 million programme of Accelerator Research and Development for future facilities in particle physics, including a Linear Collider and a possible Neutrino Factory.

Happy birthday USGS! 125 years of science for America
On March 3, 1879, the USGS was created by the Organic Act of the 45th Congress.

Rich genes travel more
In a study of changes in gene expression covering taxa from bacteria to human published in the PNAS Online Early Edition issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Hiroki R.

Estrogren plus progestin decreases colorectal cancer in postmenopausal woman
Estrogren plus progestin decreases colorectal cancer in postmenopausal woman, according to an article by Rowan Chlebowski, MD, PhD, a principal investigator at the Research and Education Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center.

Light-sensitive gloves reduce risk of germ transfer
High technology is now at our fingertips - literally. A new type of disposable glove emits chlorine dioxide when exposed to light or moisture, killing potentially harmful microbes and making it ideal for use among health care and food workers, according to a study in the March 15 issue of Clinical Infectious Diseases, now available online.

USC researchers link unusual DNA structure to cancer
Researchers have discovered an unusual DNA structure in the chromosomes of lymphocytes that appears to create a so-called

Gonorrhea test may give false-positive results
Five women from Hawaii in long-term monogamous relationships tested falsely positive for gonorrhea in an 8-month period, according to a study in the March 15 issue of Clinical Infectious Diseases, now available online.

Providence Journal wins 2004 Dart Award
This year's $10,000 Dart Award for Excellence in Reporting on Victims of Violence honors a series on the aftereffects of a rape of a teenager on a small community.

Vitamin B-12 levels linked to bone loss in aging women
New research shows that older women with low levels of vitamin B-12 are more likely to experience rapid bone loss.
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