Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 08, 2004
Coronary aneurysms are independent predictor of mortality, should be aggressively monitored
The results of a study presented today at the American College of Cardiology's 53rd Scientific Sessions in New Orleans concludes that coronary aneurysms -- regardless of size -- are associated with a increased risk of death over a five year period and should be aggressively monitored.

Viruses may be environmentally friendly decontaminants
Viruses could become the next generation of environmentally friendly decontaminants, replacing harmful chemicals like chlorine dioxide in cleaning up areas exposed to anthrax spores, according to findings released today at the American Society for Microbiology's Biodefense Research Meeting.

Common virus may contribute to uncommon bone disease in children
A common virus may play a major role in causing a painful disease of immune cells that attacks children's bones, according to a new study from The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.

Diets high in fat and animal protein linked to increased risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
Consuming foods high in animal protein, saturated fat, eggs and dairy leads to an increased risk of developing non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), a cancer that attacks the lymphatic system, part of the body's immune system, Yale researchers have found.

Los Angeles kids benefit from new asthma identification process
Researchers from the Los Angeles-based Breathmobile Program have designed a new comprehensive, school-based method of identifying inner-city children with asthma, says a study in the March issue of CHEST, the peer-reviewed journal of the American College of Chest Physicians.

Drug for erectile dysfunction appears safe for some men with congestive heart failure
Carefully selected men with congestive heart failure appear to be able to safely take sildenafil, a drug used to treat erectile dysfunction (ED), if they are not taking nitrates to treat their heart condition, and have no evidence of myocardial ischemia, according to an article in the March 8 issue of The Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

X-rays from Saturn pose puzzles
The first clear detection of X-rays from the giant, gaseous planet Saturn has been made with NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory.

Evidence suggests that the brain can switch to 'automatic pilot' during learning
New studies suggest that humans might prefer to switch their brains to automatic pilot whenever possible to conserve their cogitating resources.

Losing consciousness can stop you getting posttraumatic stress disorder
Accident victims who suffer a severe head injury are more likely to develop posttraumatic stress disorder if they remain conscious during their ordeal, according to research published in BMC Psychiatry this week.

Study finds vertebral fractures are underreported
A team of doctors and researchers at the University of Alberta has discovered that vertebral fractures often go undiagnosed or unreported when elderly patients get chest x-rays to check for other health problems.

Off-label use of migraine drug gives children relief, study says
A new study suggests that when over-the-counter medications fail to help children who suffer from chronic migraine headaches, those children may find relief with a drug traditionally prescribed to adults.

Implantable cardiac defibrillator use significantly lowers heart failure mortality
The use of an implantable cardiac defibrillator (ICD) can provide a significant reduction in mortality in heart failure patients, according to a study coordinated by researchers from the Duke Clinical Research Institute.

Hospitals following heart attack guidelines have better outcomes
In one of the first studies of its kind, Duke University Medical Center researchers have demonstrated clearly that hospitals' adherence to national guidelines for treating potential heart attacks saves lives.

Abortion may not, after all, affect birth weight of future babies
A major study in China, published in the March issue of the International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, addresses the controversy over abortion and the birth weight of subsequent pregnancies.

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology: Research at the Interface of Biochemistry and Human Health
The world's two leading organizations for biochemistry and molecular biology will come together at the Hynes Convention Center in Boston June 12-16 for the combined annual meetings of the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (ASBMB) and the 8th Annual Conference of the International Union for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.

Sometimes it's the RNA
Common scientific wisdom is that inherited disease results when a mutated protein communicates a defective message in the cell.

Are you slow in coordinating your thoughts?
Max Planck scientists discover speed limits in neural networks.

Biology behind homosexuality in sheep, study confirms
Researchers in the Oregon Health & Science University School of Medicine have confirmed that a male sheep's preference for same-sex partners has biological underpinnings.

Research suggests new way to repair cartilage damage
Duke biomedical engineers have developed a technique to use a natural polymer to fill in and protect cartilage wounds within joints, and to provide supportive scaffolding for new cartilage growth.

Reduced scarring helps nerves grow through spinal injuries
Infusing a naturally occurring anti-scarring agent called decorin into the damaged spinal cords of rats suppresses key molecules that block nerve regeneration after spinal cord injury, said Baylor College of Medicine (BCM) researchers in a study published today in the European Journal of Neuroscience.

New report shows industry how to get more women into science, engineering and technology jobs
Today, on International Women's Day (8 March 2004), a new report, explaining how the UK can stop the female brain-drain in science, engineering and technology (SET), is published by the Institute of Physics and the Daphne Jackson Trust.

California Technnology Initiatives announce second annual 'On the Road to a Gigabit' awards
Two organizations involved in high-performance networking in California have selected winners in several categories to highlight the successful deployment and use of Gigabit-scale networking and computing for education.

Sequencing project results in six-fold reduction of effective size of maize genome
A team of scientists that includes a Washington University in St.

Can a bell split a church?
From 15 to 19 March 2004, the Netherlands will once again host the European Study Group Mathematics with Industry.

Light Biology, a biotech company based on UT Southwestern technology, bought by NimbleGen Systems
Light Biology Inc., a startup biotech company based on technology developed at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, has been acquired by NimbleGen Systems Inc. of Madison, Wis.

Top US scientist honored with prestigious award
Dr. Philippa Marrack, one of the world's leading immunologists, will be honored this week in Paris, France with a L'ORÉAL - UNESCO For Women In Science (FWIS) award for her dedication and outstanding contribution to scientific progress.

Studies led by Mount Sinai researchers reinforces potential benefits of new stroke-prevention drug
Researchers at Mount Sinai School of Medicine announced an analysis of pooled data from two Phase III stroke prevention trials at the American College of Cardiology (ACC) annual meeting in New Orleans, Louisiana.

Topical vaccine protects against inhaled ricin
An experimental vaccine that can be applied directly to the skin or via a patch protects mice from lethal exposure to aerosolized ricin.

Environmental enrichment lessens protein deficits in mouse model of Huntington's
Staying physically or mentally active can slow down chemical changes in the brain that lead to the neurodegeneration of Huntington's disease, researchers show in a mouse model of the disorder.

Watching genes in action
Using chicken embryos and colorful fluorescent dyes, University of Utah scientists have demonstrated for the first time in a higher animal that it is possible to simultaneously show three genes working within an embryo, body tissue or even a single cell.

Twin study finds possible connection between depression, heart disease
Depression is a recognized risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD) and, by studying pairs of twins, researchers from Emory and Yale believe they have found a mechanism that explains this link.

Heart attack deaths increase during winter holidays
Duke University Medical Center researchers have now demonstrated what many have long suspected -- heart attack patients admitted to U.S. hospitals during the winter holidays have higher mortality rates than those admitted during the rest of the year.

UCSF/Baylor team uses new method to measure bone loss in astronauts flying long mission
A team of NASA-funded researchers from UCSF and Baylor College of Medicine has used a new method to measure and characterize bone loss caused by prolonged spaceflight.

Symposium gathers computing greats to decide whether to go clockless
Computing royalty, including Ivan Sutherland, the father of computer graphics, and Wesley A.

Stress of losing a child increases risk of MS
Parents who lose a child have an increased risk of developing multiple sclerosis (MS), according to a study published in the March 9 issue of Neurology, the scientific journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Device detects, traps and deactivates airborne viruses and bacteria
An environmental engineer at Washington University in St. Louis with his doctoral student has patented a device for trapping and deactivating microbial particles.

Lack of awareness about stroke hinders use of life-saving drugs, precludes testing of new therapies
A widespread lack of public awareness about stroke prevents the delivery of leading-edge therapies and hampers the efforts of researchers to test the next generation of clot-busting drugs, said Dr.

Alcohol-related emergency department visits higher than previously thought
Emergency department visits for alcohol-related illnesses or injuries are approximately three times higher than previous estimates, according to an article in the March 8 issue of The Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Center for Health Law and Policy presents symposium on developing innovative therapies
On Friday, March 12, 2004, Brooklyn Law School will host the symposium

Award-winning video captures water, oil, mixing
What happens when water and oil mix? A tornado. An award-winning video from a mechanical engineer at Washington University in St.

Study documents incidence of and risk factors for dry eye in older persons
Although there are few risk factors for dry eye, the condition develops fairly commonly in the older population, according to an article in the March issue of The Archives of Ophthalmology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

St. Jude Medical announces PAVE and DINAMIT clinical trial results
St. Jude Medical, Inc. (NYSE:STJ) announced today the results of the PAVE (Post AV Nodal Ablation Evaluation) and DINAMIT (Defibrillator IN Acute Myocardial Infarction Trial) clinical studies at the American College of Cardiology's (ACC) Annual Scientific Session 2004 in New Orleans, Louisiana.

New test detects cirrhosis of the liver in an early stage
Ghent researchers have developed a new and easy method of detecting cirrhosis of the liver.

Bioprocesses upstage traditional chemical processes
Exciting advances in biotechnology are driving the increasing acceptance of biotech products in several industries, especially pharmaceuticals, agriculture, and chemicals.

Ontario researchers see increase in taste and odour-causing algae problems
Ninety per cent of the lakes surveyed in a new study of Ontario's

Key gene identified for development of inner-ear structure required for balance
Ears do more than hear; they also control balance and our perception of gravity and motion.

Kids learn more from nationally certified teachers, study shows
Using more than 600,000 elementary-student test scores, researchers found that pupils learned more from nationally certified teachers.

Tai Chi has physical, psychological benefits
A review of previously published studies suggests that among patients with chronic health conditions, Tai Chi appears to have beneficial effects on balance, flexibility, and cardiovascular health, according to a review article in the March 8 issue of The Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Ovarian tissue storage and later transplant shows promise for women infertile from cancer therapy
US researchers report promising findings of a technique which could potentially help women to regain fertility after early menopause due to cancer therapy.

Questions raised on DNR orders and shorter hospital stays
Over the past decade, time spent in-hospital has declined dramatically, even for patients with serious illnesses.

ORNL, NCAR are official partners in climate studies
More accurate global climate models are in the forecast because of a collaboration between the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the National Center for Atmospheric Research.

Reprogrammable cells from fat are true adult stem cells
After successfully turning cells taken from human fat into different cell types, Duke University Medical Center researchers have now demonstrated that these specific cells are truly adult stem cells with multiple potential, instead of being a mixture of different types of cells, each with a more limited destiny.

'White coat hypertension' common among sleep apnea patients
Patients with sleep apnea may be commonly misdiagnosed with hypertension, says a study published in the March issue of Chest, the peer-reviewed journal of the American College of Chest Physicians.

Study finds implanted defibrillator reduces heart failure deaths
An implantable cardiac defibrillator (ICD) significantly reduces deaths in heart failure patients, according to a new study supported by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), one of the National Institutes of Health.

Duke study gives first worldwide measure of sea turtle casualties by longline fishing
More than 250,000 loggerhead and 60,000 leatherback turtles are estimated to be inadvertently snared each year by commercial longline fishing, with up to tens of thousands dying, according to the first global assessment of the problem. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to