Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 10, 2004
USP releases first-ever case study book to advance medication error prevention
The United States Pharmacopeia (USP) today released Advancing Patient Safety in U.S.

2004 Behavioral Sciences/Health Services Award to Helen Gift
Dr. Helen Gift (Ruth Stafford Conabeer Distinguished Service Professor of Sociology and Organizational Systems and Chair of the Division of Social Sciences, Brevard College, North Carolina) has been named the 2004 recipient of the Behavioral Sciences & Health Services Research Award, presented by the International Association for Dental Research (IADR), convening today for its 82nd General Session.

2004 Pharmacology/Therapeutics/Toxicology Award to Haas
Dr. Daniel Haas, Professor of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto, has been named 2004 recipient of the Pharmacology, Therapeutics, & Toxicology Research Award, presented today during the Opening Ceremonies of the 82nd General Session of the International Association for Dental Research (IADR), convening at the Hawaii Convention Center.

Undisturbed Amazonian forests are changing, say scientists
A research team of U.S. and Brazilian scientists has shown that rainforests in central Amazonia are experiencing striking changes in dynamics and species composition.

2004 Souder Award to David Eick
The 2004 Wilmer Souder Award for research in the field of dental biomaterials science is being presented today to Dr.

2004 Salivary Research Award to Ekstrom
Professor Jorgen Ekström is the recipient of the 2004 Salivary Research Award from the International Association for Dental Research (IADR), convening here today for its 82nd General Session.

Brain Science Institute at Columbia University established by Kavli Foundation gift
The Kavli Foundation has announced a $7.5 million award to establish a Kavli Institute for Brain Science at Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC) under the leadership of Nobel Laureate Eric Kandel, M.D., University Professor of Psychiatry, Biochemistry, and Molecular Biophysiology.

'R.E.A.L.' offers multicultural approaches to substance-abuse prevention among middle-schoolers
The program

UT Southwestern researchers identify gene as essential for vascular smooth muscle development
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas have discovered a major mechanism to explain normal and abnormal smooth muscle growth, a finding that could help in the development of novel therapeutics for disorders like hypertension and asthma.

2004 Research in Dental Caries Award to Beighton
At the Opening Ceremonies of the 82nd General Session of the International Association for Dental Research (IADR), convening here today, David Beighton, Professor of Oral Microbiology, Department of Oral Microbiology, Guy's King's and St Thomas' Dental Institute, London, England, received the 2004 Research in Dental Caries Award.

2004 Dean Award to Steven Levy
The 2004 H. Trendley Dean Memorial Award will be presented today to Dr.

Post-mortem drug test errors
Innocent people are being put in jail because of a technique used to infer how much of a drug is in a deceased person's body.

2004 Research in Prosthodontics/Implants Award to Nishimura
The 2004 Research in Prosthodontics and Implants Award will be presented to Professor Ichiro Nishimura of the Division of Advanced Prosthodontics, Biomaterials, and Hospital Dentistry at the UCLA School of Dentistry, Los Angeles, USA.

New eggs continue to develop in adult mice
Contrary to long-held scientific views that the number of oocytes (eggs) in the ovaries of most mammals is fixed at birth, scientists report that new oocyte-containing follicles continue to develop in the ovaries of adult mice.

NEJM breast cancer study shows increased disease - free survival
Post-menopausal breast cancer patients who switched from tamoxifen to AROMASIN(R) (exemestane tablets) had a significantly reduced chance of recurrence and increased disease-free survival compared to patients who remained on tamoxifen, according to new data published today in the New England Journal of Medicine.

UC study sheds new light on climate-change processes
A new University of California study reinforces concerns that global warming, by melting the glacial ice of Greenland, could quickly and profoundly change salinity and temperatures in the north Atlantic Ocean.

Kavli Institute will explore future of nanoscale science
A $7.5 million grant from Fred Kavli and the Kavli Foundation of Oxnard, Calif., to Cornell University will endow the newly established Kavli Institute at Cornell for Nanoscale Science, foundation and university officials announced today (March 10, 2004) in New York City.

Cell shocked
Electric pulses show promise as a new technology that can heal or kill unhealthy cells, according to USC researchers.

OHSU scientists advance fertility preservation procedure
Scientists at Oregon Health & Science University have significantly advanced a procedure aimed at preserving fertility in female cancer survivors.

Breaking the rules on artifical blood
Numerous attempts to find a suitable blood substitute have failed because doctors have got the physical characteristics of artificial blood wrong, claim a handful of researchers.

MGH study finds female mammals produce egg cells into adulthood
An underlying principle of female reproductive biology appears to have been overturned by a report from researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital.

Breast self examination increases women's concerns but has no effect on mortality
Breast self-examination (BSE) should not be seen as a cheaper alternative to mammography, and people who still advocate it as an effective way of reducing breast cancer mortality are doing women a disservice, a scientist will say at the 4th European Breast Cancer Conference next week (Tuesday 16 March).

USC study finds hormone supplement used by athletes may not increase testosterone
Athletes who take the popular supplement DHEA to increase their testosterone levels and improve their performance may actually be raising levels of a hormone that could potentially harm the prostate.

2004 Craniofacial Biology Award to Paul Sharpe
The 2004 Craniofacial Biology Research Award is being presented today to Professor Paul T.

USC study finds faulty wiring in psychopaths
Abnormality in two key brain structures may provide a developmental basis for psychopathology, says a USC neuroscientist.

Heart attack patients face 25% lower death risk if hospitals follow national care standards
Heart attack patients have a 25 percent lower risk of dying within a year of leaving the hospital if their doctors and nurses follow standard national guidelines for their care, and teach them how to stick to those standards at home.

2004 Young Investigator Award to Fleming
The International Association for Dental Research (IADR), convening here today at the Hawaii Convention Center for its 82nd General Session, has awarded the 2004 Young Investigator Award to Dr.

2004 Research in Oral Biology Award to Gibson
The 2004 Research in Oral Biology Award will be presented today to Dr.

2004 Oral Medicine/Pathology Research Award to Gutkind
Dr. J. Silvio Gutkind, a Senior Investigator with the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, National Institutes of Health (USA), and Chief of the Oral and Pharyngeal Cancer Branch, has been named the 2004 recipient of the Oral Medicine and Pathology Research Award, conferred by the International Association for Dental Research (IADR), convening here today for its 82nd General Session.

Bite-marks giving false impression
Miscarriages of justice may be all too common where convictions are secured on forensic evidence that matches a suspect's teeth with bite marks left on a victim's skin.

HOW, not just WHAT, we eat affects our health
Eating is one of the pleasures of life, and yet what we eat, and, to an extent, how we eat it have an effect on our oral and general health and well-being.

Experimental smallpox vaccine protects against monkeypox in nonhuman primates
MVA, a potential safer replacement for the licensed Dryvax smallpox vaccine, elicits an immune response comparable to that of Dryvax in a monkeypox model of human disease, scientists have found.

Urban youth don't feel respected, cared about or trusted
Less than half the teens surveyed in a Cornell University study feel connected to school or community.

Researchers begin promising new trial to fight colorectal cancer
NYU School of Medicine investigators are leading a national study, called TREE-2, which will evaluate the safety and efficacy of three regimens of Eloxatin plus fluoropymidine, plus Avastin as first-line treatment of patients with advanced colorectal cancer.

Lakes with zebra mussels have higher levels of toxins, MSU research finds
Inland lakes in Michigan that have been invaded by zebra mussels, an exotic species that has plagued bodies of water in several states since the 1980s, have higher levels of algae that produce a toxin that can be harmful to humans and animals, according to a Michigan State University researcher.

2004 Research in Periodontal Disease Award to Soskolne
Dr. Aubrey Soskolne, who has been Chairman and Head of the Department of Periodontics, Hebrew University-Hadassah, Faculty of Dental Medicine (Jerusalem, Israel) since 1982, has been selected to receive the 2004 Basic Research in Periodontal Disease Award from the International Association for Dental Research (IADR), convening here today for its 82nd General Session.

Effectiveness of safer smallpox vaccine demonstrated against monkeypox
A mild, experimental smallpox vaccine known as modified vaccinia Ankara (MVA) is nearly as effective as the standard smallpox vaccine in protecting monkeys against monkeypox, a study by researchers of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), one of the National Institutes of Health, has found.

Can exercise before diving prevent decompression sickness?
Decompression sickness is initiated by formation of gas bubbles in tissue and blood.

Aggressive heart therapies still underused, despite blood chemical status
Physicians are underutilizing aggressive therapies such as anti-clotting drugs and invasive procedures in heart patients, despite the presence of biochemical markers in the blood indicating heart muscle death, according to a new analysis by cardiologists at Duke University Medical Center.

Study clarifies impact of diet on the risk of gout
A new study has clarified the role of diet in the risk of developing gout.

New radar system may help airplanes avoid in-flight icing
The buildup of ice on airplanes in flight is a major winter hazard for small and commuter planes.

Stress hormones and heart failure
A hormone that helps the body adapt to stress may provide a key to designing treatments for congestive heart failure, according to a study by researchers at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies and the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) School of Medicine.

Joint assembly in Montreal
Joint Assembly brings together four international Earth and space science societies.

MGH research team grows long-lasting blood vessels
Researchers from Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) have successfully induced the growth of new networks of functional blood vessels in mice.

2004 Pulp Biology Research Award to Tony Smith
Professor Anthony J. (Tony) Smith, Professor of Oral Biology and Assistant Director, School of Dentistry of the University of Birmingham, United Kingdom, has been selected the 2004 recipient of the Pulp Biology Research Award from the International Association for Dental Research (IADR), convening here today for its 82nd General Session.

Researchers find a protein that controls cell growth
Researchers at New York University School of Medicine have found that a protein called APC plays a role in controlling a web of molecular interactions that can transform normal cells into cancerous ones.

Sandia sensor has potential to help U.S. military eliminate 'friendly fire' during combat
A device to help eliminate friendly fire during military combat has been created by engineers at the National Nuclear Security Administration's Sandia National Laboratories.

2004 Award for Basic Research in Biological Mineralization goes to Dr. Yoshiro Takano
The 2004 Award for Basic Research in Biological Mineralization will be presented today by the International Association for Dental Research (IADR) to Dr.

Awards & fellowships presented in Hawaii
As part of the Opening Ceremonies of their 82nd General Session and 33rd Annual Meeting, convening today at the Hawaii Convention Center, the International and American Associations for Dental Research will present numerous prestigious awards and fellowships.

2004 Geriatric Oral Research Award to Slade
The 2004 Geriatric Oral Research Award from the International Association for Dental Research (IADR) will be presented today to Dr.
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