Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 25, 2004
High death risk among young people in hospital with diabetes
Young people admitted to hospital for diabetes have an increased risk of death in the following three years, not only from natural causes but also from suicide, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

Clear information, privacy vital when breaking bad news
Women whose ultrasounds show fetal abnormalities want clear information about results as quickly and as empathetically as possible, says a new study by researchers at University of Toronto, Mount Sinai Hospital and York University.

Sickle cell sufferers living longer, dying less from their disease
Children with sickle cell disease - an inherited red blood-cell disorder - are living longer, dying less often from their disease and contracting fewer fatal infections than ever before, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas report.

NIST-led research de-mystifies origins of 'junk' DNA
A statistical analysis of

Mouth of the mighty Yangtze
The coloured waters shown here in this 23 March Envisat Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MERIS) image have concluded a long journey across China.

Policy review in Science calls for Bush Administration to protect wild salmon
Authors of the Policy Forum in the March 26 issue of the international journal Science call for the National Marine Fisheries Service to protect wild salmon stocks whose status under the Endangered Species Act is now in jeopardy as a result of legal and political pressures from landowners and timber interests.

Building the whole cell from pieces
Scientists have taken a significant leap forward in understanding the complex ways that molecules work together in cells.

NASA uses a 'SLEUTH' to predict urban land use
According to NASA-funded researchers, developed land in the greater Washington-Baltimore metropolitan area is projected to increase 80 percent by 2030.

Biology not behaviour could explain reduced risk of HIV infection for circumcised men
Research from India published in this week's issue of The Lancet suggests that circumcised men could be over six times less likely than uncircumcised men to acquire HIV infection.

The biological clock: What really makes us tick
From sleep patterns to health conditions, biological clocks get down to what makes us tick.

Pioneering discoveries, pursuing new knowledge, fostering partnerships
The University of Houston's fifth annual Research and Scholarship Day will take place from 8:45 a.m. to 12:30 p.m., Friday, April 2, in the Grand Ballroom of the University of Houston Hilton Hotel.

Rise in stranger homicides not linked to mental illness
Stranger homicides have increased, but this is not the result of homicides committed by mentally ill people and the

Researchers say criterion for diagnosing child abuse based on faulty evidence
At least one of the

Sandia National Laboratories new 'inchworm' actuator allows study of friction at the microscale
Researchers at the at the National Nuclear Security Administration's Sandia National Laboratories have developed a new

Save now or retire later is the choice for tomorrow's pensioners
Unless today's middle-age earners either save more or retire later, they face the prospect of a poorer old age.

Evidence for shaken baby syndrome is uncertain
The concept that certain eye injuries are diagnostic of shaken baby syndrome is scientifically questionable and needs to be re-examined, argue researchers in this week's BMJ.

Women's health research findings presented by University of Pittsburgh scientists
Research findings of more than a dozen studies will be presented by scientists from the Magee-Womens Research Institute, which is affiliated with the University of Pittsburgh, at the 51st annual meeting of the Society for Gynecologic Investigation.

NIST ATP offers toolkit for evaluating public R&D funding
A new NIST publication, A Toolkit for Evaluating Public R&D Investment, assembles in one volume a decade's worth of experience within NIST's Advanced Technology Program in the measurement of innovation.

Pregnancies ending in abortion do not increase the risk of developing breast cancer
Results of a major international collaboration investigating the relationship between abortion and breast cancer are published in this week's issue of The Lancet.

Carbon nanotubes with big possibilities
A scientist at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, working with colleagues at the IBM T.J.

Newly identified gene linked to brain development
With the identification of the gene responsible for a newly recognized type of mental retardation, researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) have also discovered what appears to be the key target in the evolution of the frontal lobes of the brain's cerebral cortex.

AGU Journal highlights - 25 March 2004
In this issue: first observation of a thin layer in Earth's magnetic field;

UNC's Siderovski wins pharmacology award
The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics has named Dr.

Time for co-ordinated action on alcohol
This week's editorial discusses the current approaches in tackling the public-health impact of excessive alcohol consumption (especially in the UK), and concludes that enhanced awareness and training of primary-care professionals will be vital in managing future alcohol problems.

New member states at ESA
In the course of its meeting in Kiruna (Sweden) on 24 and 25 March, the ESA Council approved the accession of Greece and Luxembourg to the ESA Convention.

New study of land use effects on amphibian populations gets underway at UGA laboratory
Researchers at the University of Georgia's Savannah River Ecology Laboratory (SREL), the University of Missouri, the University of Maine and the State University of New York-College of Environmental Science and Forestry (SUNY-ESF) have received funding from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to investigate amphibian population dynamics in relation to forest alteration and fragmentation resulting from forest management practices.

First national sleep conference March 29-30 explores sleep's role in public health
Evidence linking sleep with behavior, mood, and learning continues to grow.

Mosquitoes vs. malaria: How we can win the fight
EMBL scientists have identified four mosquito proteins that affect the ability of the malaria parasite (Plasmodium) to survive and develop in the malaria-carrier mosquito (Anopheles).

Case researchers substantiate bacterial link to preterm birth through mice studies
A team of researchers, led by microbiologist Yiping Han from Case Western Reserve University School of Dental Medicine, have discovered that a bacterium (Fusobacterium nucleatum) found in periodontal disease enters the blood, specifically targets placentas and amniotic fluid of pregnant mice and triggers preterm or term stillbirths as well as early death for live-born mice.

NIST standard helps ID fuels used in arson
Faced with a growing number of ignitable chemicals with similar characteristics, arson investigators have their hands full trying to tell residues of insecticide, for example, from those of gasoline.

Report shows 'unequivocal evidence' that media violence has significant negative impact on children
The report reviews the large body of research that has investigated the ways in which violent media influence behavior.

For Civil War earthworks, erosion is now the enemy
When Confederate forces constructed large defensive earthworks around Charlestion, S.C., they had no idea they were laying the groundwork for University of Cincinnati erosion research almost 150 years later.

National Academies advisory: Meeting on therapeutic vaccines
This meeting, part of the National Academy of Sciences' Arthur M.

Scientists crack genome sequence of a major parasitic pathogen
University of Minnesota researchers have completed sequencing the genome of an intestinal parasite that affects healthy humans and animals and that can be fatal to those with compromised immune systems, such as AIDS patients.

Sufficient evidence for reducing sugar intake to tackle obesity?
A Viewpoint article in this week's issue of The Lancet considers the evidence behind a recent WHO/UN report to restrict consumption of free (added) sugars to counteract obesity and concludes: 'when considered in aggregate they [available studies] provide considerable evidence to suggest that sucrose and other free sugars contribute to the global epidemic of obesity'.
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