Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 22, 2004
Challenges facing a changing rural America
A new book,

New Woods Hole Center for Oceans and Human Health established
Scientists from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) have joined together to form the Woods Hole Center for Oceans and Human Health (COHH).

New figures reveal social gradient of heart failure
Socially deprived individuals are 44% more likely to develop heart failure but 23% less likely to see their general practitioner on a regular basis compared with affluent patients, finds new research available on
Phase II trial of anthrax vaccine to begin
The UCLA Center for Vaccine Research, a leading research program at the Research and Education Institute (REI) at Harbor - UCLA Medical Center, announced today that it has initiated a Phase II trial of a new anthrax vaccine, rPA102 (VaxGen, Inc.).

Clemson dedicates biotech research complex
Clemson University in Clemson, S.C., this week dedicates a biotech building, and science and business leaders are coming to learn about what the university and the Upstate have to offer.

Science-savvy 'Lia' stars in new TV series developed by BU photonics, communication school
Lia is the girl-star of a new science education project being developed by Boston University's Photonics Center and College of Communication.

Clemson launches S.C. DNA Learning Center
Clemson University has teamed up with the nation's leading genetics learning center to help S.C. students and teachers understand the far-reaching impact genetics will have on the future.

Rate of ocean circulation directly linked to abrupt climate change
A new study strengthens evidence that the oceans and climate are linked in an intricate dance, and that rapid climate change may be related to how vigorously ocean currents transport heat from low to high latitudes.

Multinational team of scientists finds early life in volcanic lava
Scientists from the United States, Norway, Canada, and South Africa have identified what is believed to be evidence of one of Earth's earliest forms of life, a finding that could factor heavily into discussions of the origins of life.

BU physics professor elected member of National Academy of Sciences
H. Eugene Stanley, a professor of physics at Boston University and director of its Center for Polymer Studies, has been elected to membership in the National Academy of Sciences (NAS).

NSF grant to preserve electronically published research
The National Science Foundation (NSF) recently awarded Cornell University Library a $450,000 grant to create a system for the long-term preservation and dissemination of digital mathematics and statistics journals.

ORNL researchers focus on the CO2 big picture
Spring's lush green lawns and hot pink shoes contribute at least in a small way to the world's total carbon picture, say researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

University of Scranton students win national chemistry contest
Chemistry students at the University of Scranton won first prize in the

Smoking linked to more than 60 percent of overall cancer death burden in black men
The overall cancer death rate for African-American males would drop by nearly two-thirds -- without any other intervention -- if their exposure to tobacco smoke was eliminated, a new study suggests.

Fat cell hormone causes weight loss
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine have established in an animal model that the hormone adiponectin secreted by fat tissue acts in the brain to reduce body weight.

Unpublished trials data suggest most SSRI antidepressants unsuitable for children
A UK study in this week's issue of The Lancet suggests that reliance on published studies alone to guide the treatment of childhood depression could be inappropriate.

Bye-bye Bio 101: Teach science the way you do science
University science teaching is sorely in need of reform. And there is evidence showing how to do it.

Genome-wide screen reveals new tricks of old genes
Johns Hopkins scientists have successfully used new techniques to search the yeast genome for genes that help keep copied chromosomes together, protecting the integrity of the organism's genetic material during cell division.

Four new research centers to explore link between oceans and human health
The National Science Foundation (NSF) and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), one of the National Institutes of Health, have announced funding for four joint Centers for Oceans and Human Health (COHH).

Fewer fizzy drinks can prevent childhood obesity
Discouraging children from drinking fizzy drinks can prevent excessive weight gain, according to new research available on
Gulf of Maine Ocean Data Partnership announced
Sixteen scientific organizations will create the Gulf of Maine Ocean Data Partnership at their maiden meeting Friday April 23 in Woods Hole, Massachusetts.

UF study: Sibling violence leads to battering in college dating
Brothers and sisters who fight while growing up lay the groundwork for battering their dates by the time they get to college, a new University of Florida study finds.

Research study profiles indoor tanners
A growing number of people who regularly or occasionally use commercial indoor tanning beds do so because they are aware of the expanding body of medical research that has identified many important health benefits from tanning.

New type of anthrax vaccine moves into larger-scale trial at Saint Louis University
A potentially safer vaccine to protect against anthrax is moving into a larger-scale clinical trial following a successful pilot study conducted at Saint Louis University School of Medicine and three other sites.

Outbreak of skin infections sheds light on risk factors for bacterial resistance
Scientists identify two major risk factors for community-acquired skin infections caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in a report published in the May 1 issue of The Journal of Infectious Diseases: previous antibiotic use and a genetic predisposition.

Nitric oxide links bulk of sporadic and familial Parkinson's disease
Johns Hopkins researchers have discovered that nitric oxide, a chemical messenger involved in bodily functions from erection to nerves' communication, also shuts down a protein involved in Parkinson's disease.

Four new research centers to explore link between oceans and human health
The National Science Foundation (NSF) and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), one of the National Institutes of Health, have announced funding for four joint Centers for Oceans and Human Health (COHH).

Promising diagnostic test for sleeping sickness
Around half a million people a year in sub-Saharan Africa are affected by sleeping sickness (human African trypanosomiasis).

Satellites act as thermometers in space, show Earth has a fever
Like thermometers in space, satellites are taking the temperature of the Earth's surface or skin.

Elusive but ubiquitous microbe fingered as gum disease culprit in Stanford study
Even biology majors may not have heard much about archaea.

Scientists correct cystic fibrosis defect in mice with turmeric extract
Scientists at The Hospital for Sick Children (Sick Kids) and Yale University School of Medicine have found that a compound in the spice turmeric corrects the cystic fibrosis defect in mice.

Expert calls for standard epinephrine doses when treating children in cardiac arrest
Medical personnel attempting to resuscitate a child in cardiac arrest should abide by epinephrine dosing levels outlined in the Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS) guidelines rather than giving larger amounts of the drug, says a nationally recognized pediatrician from UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas.

U.S. President's budget proposal means 5-year cuts 'well below historic levels'
With a budget deficit estimated at $521 billion this year, coupled with a commitment to halve it in five years, U.S.

Discovery offers clues to origin of life
A new discovery of microbial activity in 3.5 billion-year-old volcanic rock and one of history's earliest signs of existence sheds new light on the origins of life, says University of Alberta researchers who are part of a team that made the groundbreaking finding.

CellCept's cardioprotective profile reinforced
Data presented today at the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation (ISHLT) annual meeting strengthens the body of evidence that CellCept (mycophenolate mofetil, MMF) has unique benefits for heart transplant patients as the only immunosuppressant that offers superior survival benefits, reduced coronary artery disease and the least toxic side effect profile.

Stretching DNA on a tiny scale, researchers probe the basis for its compaction
Using magnets and video microscopy to measure the length of individual DNA molecules under experimental conditions, researchers have demonstrated that Condensin, a complex of proteins widely conserved in evolution, physically compacts DNA in a manner dependent on energy from ATP.

Concern for European public health as EU border extends to the east
Public-health experts writing in this week's issue of The Lancet caution that the widening of the European Union (EU) to the east could have potentially adverse effects on public health-both for the new member countries, many of whom have poor health-care infrastructure, and for existing EU members.

Hopkins scientists overcome main obstacle to making tons of short, drug-like proteins
Two Johns Hopkins scientists have figured out a simple way to make millions upon millions of drug-like peptides quickly and efficiently, overcoming a major hurdle to creating and screening huge

Something old, something new
The relationship between genome integrity and aging is the subject of a new report in the upcoming issue of Genes & Development.

Major study: Bioartificial liver reduces mortality by 44 percent in acute liver-failure patients
A bioartificial liver developed by researchers at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center reduced mortality significantly among patients suffering from acute liver failure, according to a clinical trial conducted at 20 centers in the United States and Europe.

NHS trusts putting safety of pregnant doctors at risk
Some NHS trusts are exploiting pregnant junior doctors at the expense of health and safety, according to a disturbing article in this week's BMJ Careers.
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