Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 26, 2004
New research to address early lung cancer detection
Researchers at Cornell Medical College announced today the funding of an important new cancer research study using new CT screening technology that gives doctors a more defined picture of potential cancer development.

Alzheimers disease - recent discoveries pave the way toward new treatments
Promising research into the causes of Alzheimer's disease, with an emphasis on the roles of such proteins as amyloid-beta and apolipoprotein E, will be the subject of a plenary session presentation on April 29 at the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) 56th Annual Meeting in San Francisco.

Lower temperatures improve outcomes after bypass surgery
Duke University Medical Center researchers are urging their colleagues in the field to spend an extra 10 to 15 minutes slowly rewarming their patients after cardiac bypass surgery, which they have found reduces the likelihood of cognitive decline after surgery.

Alzheimer's drug improves memory, cognition in MS patients
A drug widely used for treating dementia in Alzheimer's patients has been shown to improve memory and cognition in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients who are mild to moderately cognitively impaired.

NCAR aircraft, ground instruments to track carbon dioxide uptake
The National Center for Atmospheric Research will fly a C-130 research aircraft over Colorado's Front Range this May and July to measure how much carbon dioxide mountain forests remove from the air as spring turns into summer.

Buon appetito: Russian cosmonauts on a Mediterranean diet
In parallel with the DELTA Mission, two Russian cosmonauts on the International Space Station (ISS) - Alexander Kaleri and Gennadi Padalka - will perform the Mediet (Mediterranean Diet) experiment, demonstrating the use of the Mediet food system on board the ISS.

Testosterone replacement improves muscle strength, function in HIV-infected women
Researchers from Massachusetts General Hospital have found that restoring normal levels of testosterone can improve muscle strength and function in HIV-infected women with low levels of the male hormone.

From research to product - Case's Scott Shane explores the rise of university spinoffs in new book
Giants like Google, Lycos and Genentech began in the labs and minds of university researchers, who eventually spun off their brainstorms into venture companies that grew into major businesses.

Astronomer prepares for appearance of two comets
University of Chicago astronomer Patrick Palmer last studied a comet in 2000, but he is the member of research teams that will make scientific observations of two comets this spring, and they narrowly missed viewing a third.

Is genetic research hyped by the media?
Tania Bubela and Tim Caulfield appraised articles published on genetic research between 1995 and 2001 in 26 newspapers from Canada, the United States, Great Britain and Australia to determine the extent of media sensationalism when covering the topic.

Searle Scholars program awards $240,000 to UT Southwestern researcher
UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas researcher Dr. Youxing Jiang has been named a 2004 Searle Scholar and awarded a three-year, $240,000 research grant.

American Academy of Neurology and American Epilepsy Society guidelines for treating of epilepsy
New epilepsy treatment guidelines from the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) and the American Epilepsy Society offer a rigorous, comprehensive and unbiased analysis of the available data on the safety, efficacy and mode of use of the new antiepileptic drugs, which in the last decade have more than doubled the treatment choices available.

Researchers compare drugs used to prevent osteoporosis
Raloxifene, a drug used to prevent osteoporosis in postmenopausal women, and conjugated equine estrogen (CEE, a hormone therapy) help increase bone density, although CEE seems to be more effective, according to an article in the April 26 issue of The Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Only half of recalled meat and poultry is recovered, study finds
Only about half the meat and poultry recalled in the United States because of suspected health hazards between 1998 and 2002 was actually recovered by the manufacturers, according to a new study.

S.C. hospitals and universities form statewide health research collaborative
Greenville Hospital System, the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC), Palmetto Health, and the University of South Carolina (USC) today signed a memorandum of understanding to establish the South Carolina Health Sciences Collaborative (SCHSC).

Tracking cystic fibrosis with mice
Cystic fibrosis, also known as mucoviscidosis, is one of the most common genetic diseases with a fatal outcome in western Europe.

Measurement clarifies role between protein structure and cell adhesion
Scientists studying the adhesive properties of the neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) -- a protein that helps bind the nervous system together -- have found that two opposing models of cell adhesion are both correct.

Epilepsy guidelines will improve treatment and access
HMOs, insurance companies and the U.S. Congress should expand epilepsy drug coverage based on information in the newly released epilepsy guidelines, according to American Epilepsy Society President and CEO Eric Hargas, speaking at an AMA epilepsy media briefing.

Research news from Tufts University, Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy: May 2004
Highlights from the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy include: A low glycemic index diet may help decrease disease risk factors; People need to eat more beta carotene to get enough vitamin A; and How to figure out if people are eating more than they report?

Cholesterol levels fluctuate with the seasons
Cholesterol levels vary with the seasons, reaching their highest levels in the winter months, according to an article in the April 26 issue of The Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Parkinson's drug effective in treating restless leg syndrome
Pergolide, a drug commonly used to treat Parkinson's disease symptoms, has recently been shown to be effective in treating restless legs syndrome.

Understanding epilepsy
Five to 10 percent of the U.S. population will have a seizure during their lifetime and, of those, 30 percent will develop epilepsy.

Sandia/UNM self-assembly process forms durable nanocrystal arrays and independent nanocrystals
In this week's journal Science, researchers at Sandia National Laboratories and the University of New Mexico describe a simple, commercially feasible method for self-assembling nanocrystals into robust orderly arrangements, like soup cans on a shelf or bricks in a wall or stopping nanocrystals from clumping.

U.S. Armed Forces, Case Western Reserve University train Cleveland police to recognize stress
In the first collaboration between U.S. military combat stress experts and a local police force, Case Western Reserve University, the Partnership for a Safer Cleveland, and experts from the U.S.

UCF Technology Incubator wins national incubator of the year award
The University of Central Florida Technology Incubator earned the industry's highest honor today, April 26, when it was named the 2004 Technology Incubator of the Year by the National Business Incubation Association.

Rice, HMNS pioneer portable, 'immersive' planetarium
Researchers from Rice University, in partnership with the Houston Museum of Natural Science, are leading a NASA-funded project to develop portable technology that will allow

Women remember appearances better than men, study finds
Women are better than men at remembering the appearance of others, a new study shows.

Prudent-layperson laws help get insurance coverage for emergency room visits
New laws have virtually eliminated the specter of insurance companies refusing to pay for emergency services that a

Migraine with aura, cholesterol increase risk of stroke in women
Women who have migraines with aura have a more than 50 percent increased risk of total stroke and 70 percent increase of ischemic stroke compared to those without migraines, according to research that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology 56th Annual Meeting.

Single parents slip through the advice net
Lone parents are not getting the advice they need because advice provision in the UK is fragmented, underfunded and patchy, according to research by Cardiff University.

Polio victory remembered
The March of Dimes holds a ceremony to mark the 50th anniversary of the start of the field trials for the Salk polio vaccine at the Franklin Sherman Elementary School, the first site where the inoculations were offered on April 26, 1954.

Epilepsy presents unique problems for women
Women with epilepsy face special problems in balancing the medication that controls their seizures with hormonal and reproductive issues.

Aircraft, ground instruments to track carbon dioxide uptake
As spring turns into summer, scientists at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder, CO, and other institutions will fly a C-130 research aircraft over Colorado's Front Range this May and again in July to measure how much carbon dioxide mountain forests remove from the air.

Institute for Systems Biology, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory announce collaboration
The Institute for Systems Biology and the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory said today they have formed a Joint Program in Systems Biology.

New analysis gives cancer patients personalized prognosis
Researchers at Duke University have developed a new analytical approach that combines genetic and clinical data to give cancer patients an individualized prognosis of their cancer recurrence.

Exciting new opportunities for embedded memory technologies
The launch of the sophisticated magnetic random-access memory (MRAM) technology is expected to revolutionize the embedded memory market.

Many Americans use prayer for health concerns
An estimated one-third of adults use prayer, in addition to conventional medical care and complementary and alternative therapies, for health concerns, according to an article in the April 26 issue of The Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Coffee, tea or polishing slurry?
The same stuff that stains your coffee mug could reduce pollution in the computer hard-drive industry, while saving drive makers millions of dollars in manufacturing costs.

Newly discovered gene controls levels of 'bad' cholesterol in mice
Heart disease researchers at Rockefeller University have discovered the function of a gene associated with high cholesterol levels in humans.

Case Western Reserve studies find poor children staying longer in foster care under welfare reform
Three related studies at Case Western Reserve University's Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences reveal how families involved with the child welfare system are deteriorating under welfare reform. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to