Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 27, 2004
Surgery for treatment of temporal lobe epilepsy varies among ethnic groups
African Americans are less than half as likely as non-Hispanic whites to undergo surgery for temporal lobe epilepsy, according to research that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology 56th Annual Meeting in San Francisco.

NJIT grad student and professor take ride of their lives in vomit comet
Researchers at New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) recently took an extraordinary ride in the interest of science, aboard a flying laboratory dubbed the Weightless Wonder.

Fox Chase Cancer Center and the Girl Scouts partner to promote oncology nursing careers
What can healthcare institutions do to ensure that a future nursing shortage does not affect their ability to provide patients with excellent care?

Diagnostic method based on nanoscience could rival PCR
Since the advent of the polymerase chain reaction, scientists have been trying to overturn it with something better.

BioTime awarded NIH grant to aid Hetacool® development
BioTime, Inc. announced that it has been awarded a research grant by the NHLBI division of the NIH for use in the development of its HetaCool® blood plasma volume expander.

Preliminary results are promising in Alzheimer's gene therapy trial
Surgical placement of genetically modified tissue directly into the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease, an experimental approach to delaying brain cell loss associated with the disease, leads to increased metabolic activity in the treated area brain, with cells apparently responding to the insertion of growth factor-producing grafts, according to preliminary findings reported April 27 at the American Academy of Neurology meeting in San Francisco.

K-State soil carbon sequestration research playing role in climate change efforts
Kansas State University research is playing a role in bilateral activities between the United States and Canada on climate change.

Anthrax survivors continued to have health problems one year after exposure
People infected with anthrax continued to report health problems, poor life adjustment, and psychological distress one year after their exposure, according to a study in the April 28 issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).

Apraxia of speech in children is focus of new OHSU grant
A new National Institutes of Health grant will enable Oregon Health & Science University researchers to create a tool for diagnosing children with apraxia of speech--a neurologically based speech motor disorder.

Nanogold does not glitter, but its future looks bright
Lehigh researchers are assembling nanowires, nanofilms and supercrystals that consist of only hundreds, or even tens, of gold atoms.

Mount Sinai is best major hospital in New York City for angioplasty
The Mount Sinai Hospital has the best angioplasty outcomes of any major hospital in New York City, according to the latest report by the New York State Department of Health.

HIV infection progresses to AIDS quicker in developing countries
Researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, the Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Sciences and Chiang Mai University in Thailand found that the progression from HIV infection to AIDS and death from AIDS is more rapid in people living in developing countries than those living in the United States and Europe.

Experimental smallpox DNA vaccine protects primates from lethal monkeypox
In the first successful study of its kind, scientists have shown that a DNA-based vaccine for smallpox protects nonhuman primates from monkeypox, a disease that resembles smallpox in humans.

A test on Troy: What's real vs. what's reel
Brad Pitt and Orlando Bloom head the cast for the May 14 release of

NSF awards $500,000 to Kansas State University chemist
Christopher Levy wants to teach chemistry students to

Blood pressure drug helps delay ischemic brain damage in stroke patients
A drug used to lower blood pressure can help stop or delay the progress of further ischemic brain lesions in stroke patients according to research that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology 56th Annual Meeting in San Francisco, Calif., April 24 - May 1, 2004.

Botulinum toxin can help musicians with dystonia
Injections of the drug botulinum toxin can help musicians with focal task-specific dystonia, a neurological disorder affecting highly accomplished instrumental performers, according to research that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology 56th Annual Meeting in San Francisco.

Univeristy of Utah anesthesiologists on front lines in battle against post-operative pain
Anesthesiologists at the University of Utah School of Medicine and hospital have developed a way to determine precisely how much medication is needed to relieve pain in major surgery patients who've become tolerant to opioids-the primary drugs used to relieve post-operative pain.

Study: New neurons can get out of spinal cord
In experiments with rodents, Johns Hopkins scientists have used properly directed stem cells to successfully overcome what is thought to be a basic hurdle in restoring function to severely damaged central nervous systems -- getting new motor neurons to migrate through the spinal cord.

Dental X-rays of pregnant women associated with low-weight babies
Women who have dental X-rays during pregnancy are three times as likely to have a low-birth-weight, full-term baby as women who did not have diagnostic X-rays during pregnancy.

New UNC study shows Hurricane Floyd boosted abuse and non-abuse brain injuries in children
Hurricane Floyd, which drowned much of 16 eastern North Carolina counties under a layer of water in 1999, also significantly boosted the number of cases of both inflicted and non-inflicted brain injury among small children, a new study shows

Medication for heart failure may be helpful addition to standard therapies
Results from a clinical trial indicate that the medication tolvaptan may be a promising addition to standard therapy for treating patients hospitalized for heart failure, according to a study in the April 28 issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).

Parkinson's disease cell loss starts years before diagnosis
The loss of brain cells that leads to Parkinson's disease starts an estimated 13 years before the diagnosis, according to research that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology 56th Annual Meeting in San Francisco.

New initiative to focus on growing problem of cardiovascular disease in diabetics
The interaction between diabetes and cardiovascular disease will be the focus of the $25 million Future Revascularization Evaluation in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus: Optimal Management of Multivessel Disease (FREEDOM) trial.

Ocean dye to help Rutgers scientists trace Hudson River's path miles into the Atlantic
Shipboard marine scientists from Rutgers University will release a nontoxic red dye into the Atlantic Ocean off New Jersey during the week of May 2 to help reveal the contents and fate of Hudson River water after it joins the Atlantic.

PNNL on fast track for hydrogen fuel reformer
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory are developing a system to rapidly produce hydrogen from gasoline in your car.

Airport baggage screeners may need continuing education, study indicates
Baggage screeners have just seconds amid loud airport noises and the pressure of rushed airline travelers to scan X-rays of carry-on items for weapons.

High-speed nanotube transistors could lead to better cell phones, faster computers
Scientists have demonstrated, for the first time, that transistors made from singe-walled carbon nanotubes can operate at extremely fast microwave frequencies, opening up the potential for better cell phones and much faster computers, perhaps as much as 1,000 times faster.

University of Minnesota to lead national effort in food bio-security
The University of Minnesota has been named one of three U.S.

Serious allergic reactions in cancer patients call for expert nursing intervention
Studies show that up to 35 percent of cancer patients are at risk for an allergic reaction to their cancer therapy.

Brian Rose: Raider of the lost art(ifacts)
Brad Pitt? Orlando who? When it comes to

Molecule pumped directly into brain improves Parkinson's disease symptoms
A recent study has shown clinical improvement of Parkinson's disease symptoms after long-term infusion of a neurorestorative molecule, pumped directly to the center of the brain.

ORNL's nanobiosensor technology gives new access to living cell's molecular processes
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have developed a nanoscale technology for investigating biomolecular processes in single living cells.

New medical research shows safer flooring could cut hip fractures
Elderly people living in residential homes are at significantly lower risk of hip fracture if they fall on carpeted wooden floors than onto any other type of flooring, says new research from the University of Warwick in a recently published report.

Expert nurse paves the way with in-demand treatment option; Century-old brachytherapy rejuvenated
As science and technology has advanced through the years, so has the practice of brachytherapy.

Hormone may offer hope for treating some behavioral disorders
Do you ever wonder how the brain determines its response to emotional stimuli?

Space solutions for health
ESA today announced the launch of its 'Space Solutions' initiative, a business-to-business provider of know-how and technologies to industries in the wellness market.

Language 'center' of brain shifts with age
Researchers have now shown that with age, language capacity in the brain becomes more evenly distributed between hemispheres.

OHSU researchers uncover genes involved in early stages of Alzheimer's disease
OHSU scientists have uncovered genes that vary in function prior to, and during the early stages of Alzheimer's disease.

High profile publications in biology and biochemistry on rise at UH
Through teamwork and collaboration, the University of Houston's Department of Biology and Biochemistry has produced an environment that has led to a record increase in scientific paper citations.

Winning the battle of the bulge: We're a scrimmage closer to victory
Saint Louis University researchers have figured out why the hormone that tells us to stop eating doesn't get into the brain of those who are obese.

Sodium channel gene mutation identified in case of familial epilepsy
Researchers at Emory University have identified a specific mutation in a sodium channel gene (SCN1A) that is associated with epilepsy syndrome in a family.

Creatine is safe, but not effective, in pediatric neuromuscular disease
The muscle supplement creatine can be safely taken by children with neuromuscular diseases, but does not improve strength or muscle mass, according to research that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology 56th Annual Meeting in San Francisco, Calif., April 24 - May 1, 2004.

Dental X-rays during pregnancy associated with low birth weight babies
Pregnant women who are exposed to dental radiography may be more likely to give birth to an infant who weighs less than normal, according to a study in the April 28 issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).

Gene defect linked to premature aging
Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center researchers have identified a gene that, when altered makes cells and animals age prematurely and die.

APOE gene linked to Parkinson's disease
One variant of the apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene may increase the risk of Parkinson's disease, according to an analysis of research that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology 56th Annual Meeting in San Francisco, Calif., April 24 - May 1, 2004.

Enter the Dragon: ESA and China's joint Earth watch begins
More than a hundred leading European and Chinese scientists meet today on the island city of Xiamen to commence the Dragon Programme - a wide-ranging research initiative employing ESA Earth Observation data to focus on China.

Improved mood tied to better language ability
Researchers in Japan and Boston have found a correlation between language function and mood among patients with aphasia (loss of language ability) due to stroke.

Pain resource nurses at Fox Chase Cancer Center seen as educators and advocates for a change
A recent Press Ganey patient satisfaction survey conducted at Fox Chase Cancer Center in Philadelphia, Pa., reported that patients do not rate pain as a concern; due to the expert treatment they already receive.

AAN 2004 Public Leadership Award goes to Leon Fleisher, musician who overcame dystonia
World-renowned classical pianist - and San Francisco native - Leon Fleisher will be only too happy to let his hands speak for him when he takes to the stage as keynote speaker for the American Academy of Neurology 56th Annual Meeting, April 24 - May 1.

Oncology Nursing Society honors Fox Chase Cancer Center nurse with Radiation Therapy Nursing Award
Deborah Watkins Bruner, R.N., M.S.N., Ph.D., director of the Prostate Cancer Risk Assessment Program (PRAP) at Fox Chase Cancer Center in Philadelphia, Pa., is the recipient of the 2004 Oncology Nursing Society (ONS) Excellence in Radiation Therapy Nursing award.

Mexican Americans at greater risk for stroke than non-Hispanic whites
The first comparison study of stroke risk among Mexican Americans and non-Hispanic whites has shown that Mexican Americans experience a substantially greater incidence of stroke.

Future blood tests may use tiny bar-codes to speed disease diagnosis
Analyzing a blood sample for the presence of disease markers could soon become as quick and easy as scanning the bar-code of a grocery item.
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