Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 05, 2004
Janet Jackson's 'accidental' exposing of her breast was the height of fashion in the 1600s
New research from the University of Warwick reveals that Queens and prostitutes bared their breasts in the media of the 1600s to titillate the public, and that the exposure of a single breast in portraits and prints was common in portrayals of court ladies.

New interpretation of satellite measurements confirms global warming
Researchers have used satellite data in a new and more accurate way to show that, for more than two decades, the troposphere has actually been warming faster than the Earth's surface.

UCSD bioengineers develop first genome-scale computational model of gene regulation
It has taken more than 50 years to accumulate the current body of knowledge on Escherichia coli, a bacterium which is one of the best studied organisms in biology.

SPECT imaging shows promise for accurate, early diagnosis of Alzheimer's
A promising breakthrough in differentiating early-stage Alzheimer's disease from other forms of dementia has been reported by researchers from the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (Dallas) in the May edition of The Journal of Nuclear Medicine (JNM).

Scripps scientists look deep inside sharks and their high-performance swimming system
Looks can be deceiving, the saying goes, and the same can be said of animals in the marine environment.

Sandia polymer electrolyte membrane brings goal of a high temperature PEM fuel cell closer
A new type of polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) is being developed by researchers at the Department of Energy's Sandia National Laboratories to help bring the goal of a micro fuel cell closer to realization using diverse fuels like glucose, methanol, and hydrogen.

For many, depression persists after routine treatment
Half of patients treated for depression in primary care facilities during a recent study still suffered from the condition 18 to 24 months later, according to recent research.

Emory physicist wins national presidential award
Eric Weeks, an Emory University assistant professor of physics, is the recipient of a 2002 Presidential Early Career Awards for Scientists and Engineers, the nation's highest honor for professionals at the outset of their independent research careers.

Researchers identify novel method of distinguishing Alzheimer's disease from other types of dementia
Nearly a century after Alzheimer's disease was first identified, there has been no foolproof way to diagnose the illness in a living patient.

Closer to the monster
Fulfilling an old dream of astronomers, observations with the Very Large Telescope Interferometer (VLTI) have now made it possible to obtain a clear picture of the immediate surroundings of the massive black hole at the centre of the active spiral galaxy NGC 1068.

MRI-guided breast biopsy system is safe and efficient
It is now possible to safely and efficiently do a breast biopsy if a lesion is seen on MRI without sending the patient to surgery, a new study shows.

Exploring why disease affects people differently
A new five-year partnership between Cardiff University and UnumProvident, the UK's leading provider of Income Protection Insurance, will provide a unique opportunity to explore why people respond differently to the same disease - and why it renders some people unable to work while others continue.

Single click generates lists to end all lists
The next step in search engine technology could make compiling lists possible with a single click.

Chemistry meets Biology
Participants in the 2nd EMBO young investigator programme symposium, held at the EMBL in Heidelberg, Germany, will discuss chemical approaches to the study of biology.

Crime sleuths crack down on home break-ins using predictive maps
A novel method of predicting where home break-ins will occur that is 30 per cent more accurate than current crime mapping techniques has been developed by University College London crime sleuths.

Increased risk of cardiovascular disease shown in PCOS patients
Two new studies demonstrate a link between polycystic ovary syndrome and cardiovascular disease in women.

Insulin-producing pancreatic cells are replenished by duplication
Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) researchers at Harvard University have discovered that insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas that are attacked in type 1 diabetes are replenished through duplication of existing cells rather than through differentiation of adult stem cells.

Professor publishes book on historic 'mosquito wars'
Dr. Gordon Patterson, Florida Tech professor of humanities and communication, is author of the just-published

Plankton may influence climate change says UCSB scientist
Plankton appear to play a major role in regulating the global climate system, according to new research.

Correcting faulty predictions: Psychotherapy helps people approach the future
As part of the scientific program of the 2004 Annual Meeting of the American Psychiatric Association, APsaA member Regina Pally, M.D. of the Los Angeles Psychoanalytic Society and Institute will give a presentation on the regulatory role of consciousness in monitoring and correcting errors of prediction and the implications for psychotherapy.

National Cancer Gene Therapy Foundation gives $4.0 million in research grants
The Alliance for Cancer Gene Therapy, Inc. (ACGT), the only national foundation focused exclusively on funding cancer gene therapy research, is pleased to announce $2.5 million in national research grants for cancer gene therapy research.

Plain film X-rays may not be necessary in some children with non-traumatic stomach pain
The majority of plain films (X-rays), which are traditionally used to evaluate non-traumatic abdominal pain in children brought into the emergency department, may not be clinically useful, a panel of experts has found.

Newly-described route to cancer solves a mystery in lung cancer
Researchers at The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center are describing an entirely new way by which cells can become cancerous.

Nerac.com to deliver newswire feed twice daily
Nerac, a leading information provider for researchers in science and technology, has recently inked a deal with ProQuest Information and Learning to offer a custom-built database of eight international news feeds through one resource.

Cancer gene therapy news backgrounder: New ideas fuel next generation gene therapy research
The concept seems straightforward. If, at its heart, cancer is a disease of genes, then giving patients new genes should disarm cancer.

Biopsy system is effective in completely removing benign breast masses
Benign breast masses can be safely and effectively removed without surgery--using a vacuum assisted breast biopsy system, preliminary results of a study show.

One-drug therapy approach to treating bipolar disorder
For the first time, researchers have demonstrated in separate short-term trials that a single drug therapy may be effective in treating both the manic and depressive phases of bipolar disorder.

Findings redefine mechanism of action of RNA helicase enzymes
In a new paper appearing in Science, researchers provide fundamental new insight into the function of RNA helicases.

Researchers to help exterminate bugs in spreadsheets, web
An error in a spreadsheet or Web page calculation sounds harmless enough, unless you're the person whose retirement funds, credit history or medical treatment rely on decisions based on that calculation.

Readers' memories of crime stories influenced by racial stereotypes
If asked to imagine a criminal suspect, certain mental pictures come to mind for most people.

2004 Albert Maucher Prize awarded to Hildegard Westphal and Oliver Rauhut
Once again this year, the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German Research Foundation, DFG) will award the Albert Maucher Prize to young scientists for outstanding research in geoscience.

Trials launched to test treatment of cognitive dysfunction in schizophrenia
The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), has awarded a four-year, $9 million contract to the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) and five other academic medical centers to create a network of Treatment Units for Research on Neurocognition and Schizophrenia (TURNS).

Cord blood stem cells save children with Hurler's syndrome
Stem cells from a newborn baby's umbilical cord blood can save the lives of children with Hurler's syndrome and can repair much of the progressive brain and organ damage that would otherwise be fatal to children, according to physicians at the Duke Comprehensive Cancer Center's Pediatric Blood and Marrow Transplant Program.

'Lab-on-a-CD' devised by Tidewater faculty
Tidewater Community College has found a groundbreaking way to

Employed number of electrical engineers, computer scientists declines, unemployment rate increases
The number of employed U.S. electrical and electronics engineers (EEs) continues to decline, while their unemployment rate increases, according to first-quarter data compiled by the Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

DNA robot takes its first steps
A microscopic biped with legs constructed with DNA strands has taken its first steps.

Thoracic PET appropriate for diagnosing some lung cancer patients
Thoracic PET may be as useful as whole body FDG PET for evaluating patients with a single pulmonary nodule or early stage lung cancer, thus reducing radiation exposure to the patient, a new study suggests.

Who does the housework affects whether couples have a second child
In dual-earner couples, the probability of having a second child varies substantially according to the division of housework, says a new Brown University study in Population Development and Review.

Transplant rejection averted by simple light exposure in Stanford animal study
Stanford University School of Medicine researchers now have a better grasp of this phenomenon, known as graft-versus-host disease, or GVHD, and have proposed a possible method of prevention: simple ultraviolet light.

MDCT is better than plain film in diagnosing hip replacement complications
Multidetector CT (MDCT) is superior to plain film x-rays for detecting problems that occur in patients who have undergone hip replacements, a new study shows.

Attacking bipolar disorder in young adults boosts outcome, says Stanford study
College students with bipolar disorder appear to function well if properly diagnosed and treated, although those with a family history of the disease may be more difficult to treat, according to a recent analysis led by Terence Ketter, MD, associate professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Gene therapy reduces drinking in rats with genetic predisposition to 'alcoholism'
As a follow up to previous work showing that gene therapy can reduce drinking in rats trained to prefer alcohol, scientists at the U.S.
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