Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 07, 2004
Sea turtle health linked to contaminants
Loggerhead sea turtles may be getting sick because of environmental exposure to toxic organic chemicals, such as polychlorinated biphenyls (or PCBs) and pesticides, according to a new study led by Duke University, with collaboration from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), and other organizations.

Max daily OTC dose of acetaminophen shows efficacy comparable to Rx doses of naproxen for OA pain
Researchers today announced new clinical evidence showing that long-term use of maximum recommended over-the-counter (OTC) daily doses of acetaminophen (APAP) provide efficacy comparable to prescription doses of naproxen (NAP) for the management of mild-to-moderate osteoarthritis (OA) pain of the hip or knee.

Conference promotes breast and cervical cancer awareness in Nigeria
In an unusual effort to create awareness of breast and cervical cancer risk, prevention, detection and treatment among African doctors and the public, physicians and scientists from the University of Chicago, the University of Ibadan (Nigeria), and the Medical Women's Association of Nigeria have organized the First International Workshop on New Trends in the Management of Breast and Cervical Cancers, to be held May 17-21 in Lagos, Nigeria.

Old Indian spells unmask centuries-old rituals
For Dutch researcher Arlo Griffiths, exorcising evil spirits is a piece of cake.

Record: Fastest flashing star
Dutch researcher Steve van Straaten set a record during his doctoral research.

American Academy of Neurology sums up scientific highlights from 56th Annual Meeting
Increased risk for neurological disease from military service, new genes for Parkinson's disease, modifiable risk factors for dementia, and the educational value of medical malpractice cases were among the scientific highlights of the 56th Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Neurology.

Feeding cottonseed meal to female fallow deer safe at low rates
A recently completed study by Texas Agricultural Experiment Station researchers has shown feeding female fallow deer one pound or less of cottonseed meal per head per day to be safe.

Fire ant killing protozoa found in 120 Texas counties
If imported fire ants dreamed - and who knows if they do or don't - then a tiny protozoa could be their worst nightmare.

Deaf-blind woman deafer than deaf-blind man
Dutch researcher Ronald Pennings has found new clinical and genetic characteristics for two different inherited syndromes that cause deaf-blindness.

American genetic abnormality also discovered in the Netherlands
A genetic abnormality which causes hearing impairment has now been discovered in a Dutch family as well.

New data shows Seroquel achieves remission in bipolar mania
AstraZeneca announced important new data today that show patients with bipolar disorder who were treated with SEROQUEL (quetiapine) were significantly more likely to achieve full remission of their mania symptoms compared to patients who received placebo.

Uncertainty in clinical tests raises health care costs
Small measurement uncertainties in clinical laboratory tests can add large amounts to health care costs, according to a newly released study commissioned by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).

Cannabinoids spell relief in colon inflammation
In the current issue of The Journal of Clinical Investigation (15 April 2004) a researcher team from the Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry and from the Ludwig-Maximilans-University Munich were able to show that mutant mice lacking the cannabinoid receptor are much more prone to experimentally induced colon inflammation as compared to wild-type control mice.

Software corrects chip errors early
Microchip miniaturization is making quality control-related measurement of features during the production process increasingly difficult.

Superconducting R&D wire achieves major milestone
Using improved processing equipment developed with support from the National Institute of Standards and Technology's Advanced Technology Program, American Superconductor Corporation (AMSC) has produced lengths of record-breaking high-temperature superconductor (HTS) wire.

Rx pain medicines hard to find in pharmacies serving minority neighborhoods
Finding a pharmacy that carries certain prescription-strength pain medicines might be a big challenge for people living in predominantly non-white neighborhoods in Michigan, according to a new survey.

Deep faults and disrupted crater at Acheron Fossae
These images were taken by the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) on board ESA's Mars Express of the Acheron Fossae region, an area of intensive tectonic (continental 'plate') activity in the past.

UNC study may help predict premature infants at risk of total blindness
In a new study of preterm infants at risk for a blinding eye disease called retinopathy of prematurity, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill researchers have found features within the retina that may predict eyes more likely to become blind from total retinal detachment.

Drug for depression helps irritable bowel syndrome, according to Pittsburgh study
Paroxetine, a drug commonly used to treat depression, can improve symptoms in people with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), according to a study in the May issue of the American Journal of Gastroenterology.

Losing a job near retirement age significantly increases risk of stroke
Employees who lose their jobs in the years immediately preceding retirement have twice the risk of suffering a stroke.

Engineering students at UH accomplish 'firsts' and sweep competitions
Racecars and robots are roaming the halls of the Cullen College of Engineering at the University of Houston.

Closing in on treatment for Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease?
Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) is a hereditary disorder of the peripheral nervous system that strikes 1 person in every 2500.

Emory scientists receive NIH MIDAS grant for computer modeling of infectious diseases
Emory University scientists have received a five-year grant for more than $3 million to participate in a new National Institutes of Health (NIH) initiative to develop powerful computer modeling techniques to analyze and respond to infectious disease outbreaks.

Latest findings on PCBs to be subject of June workshop at Illinois
Some 200 scientists from around the world will gather June 13-15 at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign to discuss their latest findings on the health effects of exposure to PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls) -- long-lasting chemicals manufactured and widely used before being banned or restricted since the late 1970s.

Eating disorder behaviors linked to suicide risks
A study of Swiss women with eating disorders suggests that those who binge and purge are more likely to have attempted suicide in the past, regardless of whether they have been diagnosed with anorexia nervosa, bulimia or another eating disorder.

Tobacco plant refuses cowpea mosaic virus
During research carried out in the Netherlands, Marilia Santos Silva discovered that some tobacco plants die if a virus infects them, whereas others survive.

It's a gamble: Dopamine levels tied to uncertainty of rewards
Researchers, using a new combination of techniques, have discovered that dopamine levels in our brains vary the most in situations where we are unsure if we are going to be rewarded, such as when we are gambling or playing the lottery.

Vanderbilt students take HHMI fellowships
Two Vanderbilt medical students take Howard Hughes Medical Institute fellowships; James Peacock will be engaged in immunology research at Columbia University; third-year student Olga Weinberg will spend next year at UCLA studying estrogen receptors and growth factor receptors in non-small cell lung cancer cells.

Two extremely hot exoplanets caught in transit
Using the FLAMES multi-fiber spectrograph on the Very Large Telescope at the ESO Paranal Observatory (Chile), astronomers were able to measure accurate radial velocities for 41 OGLE transit candidate objects.
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