Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 14, 2004
Increasing ozone over the Atlantic ocean
Max Planck Scientists have discovered that ozone smog is increasingly a global problem.

Erupting volcano casts shadow on Russian peninsula
The most northerly active volcano on Russia's Kamchatka Peninsula is once again erupting, dusting the surrounding snow-white landscape with a wide expanse of dark ash that is visible from 800 km away in space.

Message to moms
What can parents do to help children who are doing poorly in school?

Labs-on-a-chip to detect milk contamination
The Department of Homeland Security is backing research on lab-on-a-chip sensors that might guard the nation's food supply better than the current system of tamper-resistant lids and freshness dates.

Parent training changes kids' ideas about drinking and sex
A seven-week program to improve communication skills and

New molecule may be basis for drugs that battle overeating and drug dependency
A new synthetic chemical may provide the framework for future drugs that can treat a variety of brain-based ailments, ranging from overeating and drug dependency to neuropathic pain.

The Strong African American Families Program
The Strong African American Families Program (SAAF) was designed to prevent underage drinking and early sexual activity among African American adolescents living in the rural South.

Chronic fatigue syndrome and Gulf War veterans
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) is nearly four times as common in veterans of the first Persian Gulf War as in nonveterans, according to a new study.

Scientists discover secret of dolphin speed
Physicists in Japan have discovered how the surface of a dolphin's skin reduces drag and helps them glide smoothly and quickly through water.

NIH launches study of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for severe, treatment-resistant lupus
Researchers at the National Institutes of Health have launched a five-year study to see whether a therapy using transplantation of hematopoietic stem cells can produce long-term remission for patients with severe, treatment-resistant lupus.

Out-of-school activities and adolescents behavior
Out-of-school time for adolescents can be enriching or detrimental. This study provides data from a longitudinal study of 819 adolescents from low-income families in the wake of welfare reform.

Nature or nuture?
In this study, we tried to determine the degree to which genetic versus social-environmental influences explain children's resilience against poverty.We interviewed 1,116 mothers and their 5-year-old twins in the United Kingdom to assess the family's level of socioeconomic hardship, the twins' antisocial behavior at home, and their IQ.

Emory study finds mental health and heart disease tightly linked
Attaining and sustaining good mental health is just as vital as other factors, such as exercise and diet, in the prevention of cardiovascular disease, especially for women over the age of 45, according to a study by Emory University sociologist Corey Keyes published this month in the journal Aging and Mental Health.

Parents' ability to discourage adolescent problem behavior
For decades, parents have been told they can deter adolescent misbehavior by monitoring and setting limits on activities and friendships.

Tips from the Journals of the American Society for Microbiology
Tips include: Silver and UV radiation combined may prove more effective at disinfecting water systems; A new method may detect SARS virus in minutes.
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