Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 24, 2004
More young black men have done prison time than served in the military or earned a college degree
Being jailed in federal or state prisons has become so common for African Americans today that more young black men in the United States have done time than have served in the military or earned a college degree, according to a new study.

Baby born from sperm frozen for record 21 years
UK researchers writing in Europe's leading reproductive medicine journal Human Reproduction, report (Tuesday 25 May) what they believe to be a world record - a baby born using sperm that had been frozen for 21 years.

People with low incomes more likely to develop brain tumors
People with low incomes are more likely to develop brain cancer, according to a study published in the May 25 issue of Neurology, the scientific journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Cancer research in Europe: A 'foundation' for the future
A new charitable foundation that will improve cancer care in Europe and beyond is being created by the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO), the leading charity in oncology education and training.

Innovative 'self healing' bandage to help diabetics
A revolutionary type of 'self healing' bandage that uses the patient's own cells is being developed.

Mind the gap
Current estimates state less than 10% of current global funding for research is spent on diseases that afflict more than 90% of the population.

Conserving hydrocarbons would save $438 billion
Just as low-carbohydrate diets are trimming the American waistline, more judicious use of hydrocarbon-based fossil fuels would reduce the United States' energy consumption by 33 percent and save consumers $438 billion a year by 2014, according to an analysis by Cornell University ecologists.

The Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania evaluates heart failure treatments for landmark study
Researchers at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania (HUP), served as co-principle investigators for HUP's component of the largest heart-failure device trial ever undertaken to investigate whether an implantable pacemaker-type device will reduce death and hospitalization for advanced heart failure patients.

New standard to help diagnose heart attacks
Diagnosing heart attacks will become a more precise science thanks to the first of a new series of clinical standards just issued by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).

Cranberry breeding program may soon bear fruit for growers
A cranberry variety developed by University of Wisconsin-Madison scientists with the help of local cranberry growers is now poised to give those same growers a competitive edge.

Physics tip sheet #42
News from the American Physical Society: improving communication with time reversal; making more money in noisy markets; searching for supersymmetry with a celestial particle accelerator; and highlights from the annual Division of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics (DAMOP) meeting in Tucson.

Older patients less likely to receive care in the ICU
The older you are, the less likely you are to be cared for in an intensive care unit (ICU) during the course of a serious illness, according to a study of more than one million Medicare beneficiaries presented at the American Thoracic Society International Conference in Orlando on May 24.

New early warning system can predict life-threatening events in hospitalized children
A new early warning system can identify hospitalized who are at risk of suffering from life-threatening event such as heart stoppage, abnormal heart rhythm or severe bleeding, according to a study presented at the American Thoracic Society International Conference on May 24.

Antioxidant component of green tea blocks new but not established arterial plaque in mice
Because of the antioxidant properties of compounds occurring naturally in green tea leaves, tea has been considered a possible intervention for atherosclerosis.

Diabetes increases deaths among people 65 and older
A new study involving tens of thousands of people 65 and older suggests that even among older people, diabetes substantially increases premature deaths, according to researchers at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center.

Small trial shows daclizumab add-on therapy improves MS outcome
A small clinical trial of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) who did not respond to interferon alone found that adding the human antibody daclizumab improved patient outcome.

Left brain damage may make people more vulnerable to infection
A major immunological difference between the opposite halves of the human brain is now confirmed in a study in the Annals of Neurology.

51 globally threatened species get new lease on life in the Caucasus
WWF, the conservation organization, and the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF) today announced a CEPF investment strategy and a high-level advisory council of governmental and nongovernmental representatives from Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia and Turkey to help conserve the rich natural resources of the region.

Doctor's neckties: a reservoir for bacteria?
A study by researchers at the New York Hospital Medical Center of Queens finds that nearly half of neckties worn by medical personnel harbor bacteria that can cause disease.

Guideline evaluates treatment of infantile spasms
A new guideline developed by the American Academy of Neurology and the Child Neurology Society evaluates the treatment of infantile spasms.

Compound in salsa may fight food poisoning
Researchers have identified a compound in cilantro, a key flavor component of salsa, that kills harmful Salmonella bacteria and shows promise as a safe, natural food additive that could help prevent foodborne illness, according to a joint study by U.S. and Mexican researchers.

Patient safety study provides first national estimate of adverse events in Canadian hospitals
The first national study of patient safety in Canadian hospitals estimates that 7.5 per cent of people hospitalized in Canada have experienced an adverse event as a result of their care.

Moving targets: when it comes to patterns, motion gets factored in
By investigating how our visual system interprets moving images, a Japanese researcher has made new findings that challenge a commonly held view of how we perceive patterns.

Antibiotic resistance risk from triclosan questioned
New research suggests that the risk of bacteria developing antibiotic resistance after exposure to the biocide triclosan may not be as great as previously believed.

Twelve scholars to receive support to strengthen the field of geriatric social work
Twelve scholars have been selected as Hartford Faculty Scholars and will receive $100,000 over the next two years to improve the well being of older adults by strengthening geriatric social work.

More news in the battle between the sexes
As a consequence of investigating the short-term fitness consequences of mate choice, researchers had largely come to believe that sexual selection is beneficial.

Researchers surmount the Great Wall
Thirty years of cooperation between the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Max Planck Society/Gala event in Beijing.

U of MN establishes nation's first endowed chair in sexual health
The University of Minnesota announces the nation's first endowed chair in sexual health.

Learned social preference in zebrafish
Using the zebrafish, a model organism widely used in genetic studies, researchers have found that when it comes to social interactions with other fish, individual zebrafish learn to prefer one fish color pattern over another according to their early experience with these patterns.

Institute for OneWorld Health CEO to speak at BIO on leveraging opportunities for global health
Victoria Hale, founder and CEO of the Institute for OneWorld Health, the first nonprofit pharmaceutical company in the U.S., will speak at the BIO 2004 Annual International Convention in the Global Health track during a breakout session titled Mutually Inclusive: New and Affordable Drugs for Developed, Developing Worlds.

UCI scientist will lead NASA effort to overcome physical impact of space travel
UC Irvine scientist Kenneth Baldwin has been reappointed by the NASA National Space Biomedical Research Institute to lead a research effort that ultimately will help astronauts stay healthy in space for a year or longer - enough time to conduct a manned mission to Mars.

Health care treatment differs by race
A UC Riverside study found that African-Americans and Latinos seeking treatment for back pain were prescribed pain relievers less often than were white patients.

Air pollution especially harmful to lungs of obese children
Obese children are more susceptible than normal-weight children to the harmful effects of air pollution, according to a study presented at the American Thoracic Society International Conference on May 24.

Design, deployment of wireless sensor networks the subject of NSF CAREER project
Wireless sensor networks capable of collecting and transmiting a broad range of data are being developed for surveillance and monitoring applications for the military, the environment, health-care, and numerous other complex systems.

Insight into transplant rejection might lead to novel prevention therapies
A newly discovered means by which the body attacks transplanted organs might lead to novel methods of preventing the rejection response, research by Duke University Medical Center pulmonologists and transplant surgeons suggests.

Largest study of its kind finds male breast cancer on the rise
The rate of male breast cancer is on the rise and the disease in men is usually detected when the tumors are bigger, have spread and may be more aggressive, compared to diagnosis of the disease in women, concludes the largest study ever conducted of male breast cancer.

Delay in transfer to the ICU increases risk of death
Patients delayed in being moved from a regular hospital ward to the intensive care unit (ICU) after suffering a deterioration in one of their vital signs such as a drop in blood pressure or a higher breathing rate may be at increased risk of death, according to a study presented at the American Thoracic Society International Conference in Orlando May 24.

Developing tools for reliable 'gene chip' measurements
Microarrays, sometimes called

Yerkes researchers discover combination of drug therapies reduces cocaine use in primates
Researchers at the Yerkes National Primate Research Center of Emory University are the first to demonstrate a combination of drug therapies targeting the region of the brain that controls drug abuse and addiction significantly reduces cocaine use in nonhuman primates.

Study may improve survival of transplanted livers
New research at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine shows that treatment with nitric oxide after storage may dramatically improve the viability of transplanted livers.

Immune cells may play important role in progression of type 1 diabetes, Joslin researchers find
A study reported in the May issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences suggests that cells of the body's immune system called natural killer (or NK) cells, whose role in diabetes had been underappreciated and little studied, may actually play an important role in moving the type 1 diabetes disease process forward.

Male susceptibility to disease may play role in evolution of insect societies
A higher male susceptibility to disease has helped shaped the evolution of social insect behavior say two scientists who have proposed a new model for behaviorial development among the insects.

Scaling friction down to the nano/micro realm
An improved method for correcting nano- and micro-scale friction measurements has been developed by researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).

Safety of Canadian hospitals
This issue of CMAJ features the results from the first-ever comprehensive study examining the incidence of adverse events (AEs) in Canadian acute care hospitals.

National nanotech expert to address UW-Madison conference
Jeffrey P. Schloss, an expert in the application of nanotechnology in the health-care field, will be the keynote speaker at

Vest and harness may protect fragile adults in car crashes
When a car crash occurs, people with osteoporosis and other brittle bone disorders often suffer more serious injuries.

Study finds lung transplants increase survival of cystic fibrosis patients by more than four years
Lung transplantation increases the survival of patients with cystic fibrosis by almost 4.5 years on average, according to a study presented at the American Thoracic Society International Conference in Orlando on May 24.

Moderate exercise and simple dietary supplements significantly reduce risk of atherosclerosis
Moderate exercise in conjunction with common dietary supplements significantly reduce the risk of atherosclerosis because, combined, they boost the body's production of nitric oxide, which protects against a variety of cardio-vascular disorders, a new UCLA study led by 1998 Nobel Laureate in medicine Louis J.

NSF names eight distinguished teaching scholars
The National Science Foundation (NSF) today recognized eight special persons to receive the Director's Award for Distinguished Teaching Scholars (DTS), the foundation's highest honor for teaching and research excellence.

Women exposed to frustrating noise stress snack more afterwards
In laboratory experiments, women -- but not men -- who had been exposed to frustrating noise stress ate more cheese, chocolate, potato chips and popcorn after the stressful session was over.

The Venus transit -Two weeks to go!
This communication includes news about the Venus occultation by the Moon and other items.

Arsia Mons volcano in 3D
This image of the Arsia Mons shield volcano was taken by the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) on board ESA's Mars Express.

Company uses Georgia Tech innovation to monitor high-temperature gas turbine engines
An Atlanta company formed by former Georgia Tech researchers has developed an innovative new sensor system that monitors industrial equipment, including sections of gas turbine engines that reach 2,500 degrees Fahrenheit.

African-Americans more likely to die of colon cancer
African-Americans with colon cancer are more than 50 percent more likely to die of their cancer within five and ten years after surgery than Caucasians.

New technology blocks gene to increase immune response against deadly brain tumor cells
Researchers have found that by turning off the interleukin 10 gene in dendritic cells they can make those cells much more effective in generating an immune response against highly aggressive brain tumor cells.

Early behavior problems linked with wheezing later in childhood
Behavior problems early in life may be associated with increased later risk of developing wheeze, according to a study to be presented at the American Thoracic Society International Conference in Orlando, Florida.

Lessons learnt from Beagle 2 and plans to implement recommendations from the Commission of Inquiry
The Mars Express spacecraft, carrying the Beagle 2 lander, was launched on 2 June last year, arriving in the vicinity of Mars in December.

New research on reduced bone mass and risk of fracture in postmenopausal women
Two new studies in the May 24 issue of The Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals, examines methods to accurately classify postmenopausal women with reduced bone mass and identify those with increased risk for future fractures.

Vaccines against foodborne disease on horizon
Researchers are making promising steps towards the development of a number of vaccines against foodborne disease, according to several studies released today at the 104th General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology.

Exercising after menopause may help reduce bone loss
Early postmenopausal women with osteoporosis who participate in an intense exercise program may experience reduced bone loss, reduced back pain, and lower cholesterol levels, according to an article in the May 24 issue of The Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Obesity may affect accuracy of mammography
Women who are overweight or obese are more likely to receive a false-positive result on mammography screenings than normal weight and underweight women, according to an article in the May 24 issue of The Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Evidence of nanobacterial-like structures found in human calcified arteries and cardiac valves
Researchers successfully isolated and cultured nanoparticles from diseased calcified human cardiovascular tissue.

Breast cancer in men increasing
The largest study to date of male breast cancer finds, contrary to previous reports, breast cancer rates in men are increasing though the disease remains rare.
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