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Science Current Events and Science News | Brightsurf | June 03, 2004


VIB presents its annual results at BIO2004 in San Francisco
Every year, the international biotech community gathers together, which this year boasts 20,000 participants.
Children with ADHD experience greater reduction of symptoms with higher doses of Concerta...
Children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) who take 36- or 54-mg doses of once-daily CONCERTA® (methylphenidate HCl) CII are more likely to achieve significantly greater symptom response and symptom reduction than children with ADHD who take CONCERTA 18 mg once daily or near-equivalent doses of methylphenidate three-times-a-day, a study shows.
Gene expression ratio identifies risk of recurrence in breast cancer patients receiving tamoxifen
A simple measurement of the expression levels of two genes in breast cancer tissue appears to identify tumors that are more likely to recur in women treated with tamoxifen for early-stage disease.
Anti-trafficking measures can increase exploitation
Attempts to prevent human trafficking are making conditions worse for voluntary migrants, argue researchers in this week's BMJ.
University of Pittsburgh presents sports injury research findings
Studies conducted at the University of Pittsburgh's Neuromuscular Research Laboratory (NMRL) may provide better understanding of the prevention and treatment of certain sports-related injuries and athletic performance.
Study casts doubt over widely practised surgical procedure to reduce premature birth
A common surgical procedure to prevent the cervix opening during pregnancy-thought to reduce the risk of preterm delivery-is called into question by results of a study in this week's issue of THE LANCET.
Former smokers can regain health and improve quality of life
A new analysis of data on smoking and health finds that smokers who quit before the age of 35 have a reasonable chance to regain their health over time and to live as long and as well as people who have never smoked.
Surgery best option for preventing recurrence of venous leg ulcers
A UK study in this week's issue of THE LANCET highlights how surgery in addition to compression treatment could substantially reduce the risk of recurrent leg ulcers.
EU Council of Ministers declares European heart health a policy priority
The Council of Ministers of the European Union (EU) has acknowledged that cardiovascular disease in Europe is 'the largest cause of death of men and women in the European Union' and 'unhealthy lifestyles, particularly tobacco consumption, as well as unhealthy diet and physical inactivity amongst European citizens are risk factors to be addressed in the development of national and European policy'.
URI oceanographers find gulf stream migration affects biological productivity in unexpected way
In the current SeaWiFS special issue of Deep Sea Research II, University of Rhode Island oceanographers Stephanie E.
Childproof packaging - new designs could save lives
New packaging designs have been developed that could save lives and make 'childproof' containers more user-friendly for adults.
Why lung cancer in women is different from men
Cigarette smoke damages women's lungs more than men's lungs and lung cancer treatment affects women differently than men, according to Dr.
Corals can reestablish symbiosis with algae from their environments after bleaching
Corals can develop new symbiotic relationships with algae from their environments after they've undergone bleaching, the process by which corals whiten as a result of environmental stress, University at Buffalo biologists report in the current issue of Science.
Albany high school student adds to understanding of breast cancer gene
A high school student from Albany, New York, has made a significant contribution toward understanding how mutations to a gene called BRCA-1 contributes to hereditary breast cancer.
Advanced breast cancer diagnosis more likely for deprived women
Women living in deprived areas of the United Kingdom tend to have more advanced breast cancer at diagnosis than those living in affluent areas, finds new research on bmj.com.
Lifetime achievements and engineering contributions focus of UH awards dinner
For nearly 20 years, the Engineering Alumni Association has recognized alumni, faculty and friends of the University of Houston's Cullen College of Engineering for significant contributions to society and the profession at an annual awards ceremony.
Single gene mutation muddying Parkinson's risk forecasts
A peculiar form of a gene mutation known to increase a person's risk for Parkinson's disease is puzzling doctors about how to counsel patients who have the anomaly.
Charting the giants
A European team of astronomers has embarked on a decade-long study (REFLEX), locating the most massive of clusters of galaxies from the X-ray Sky Atlas compiled by ROSAT and telescopes at the ESO La Silla Observatory.
Researchers report major advance in gene therapy technique
Despite ups and downs during the past 15 years, gene therapy has continued to attract many of the world's brightest scientists.
'Brown bag' gives more complete picture of meds taken by older adults
In a recent Penn State study, when adults age 65 to 91 were asked to bring in all of their prescription medications in a brown paper bag, the resulting list was more complete than their official pharmacy records.
Adrenaline packs a powerful punch in the use of antidepressants
Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine found that norepinephrine (adrenaline) plays an important role in animals in determining behavioral effects in some of the most commonly prescribed antidepressants, regardless of which biochemical pathway the drug uses to alleviate symptoms of depression.
NCAR scientist to view Venus's atmosphere during transit, search for water vapor on distant planet
As Venus traverses the Sun on June 8, NCAR's Timothy Brown will study the chemical composition and winds of the planet's upper atmosphere, a region poorly observed until now.
Apathy threatens new NHS foundation trusts
Local people, it seems, do not want to be involved in running the NHS, according to an editorial in this week's BMJ.
Policy highlights from Tufts University Friedman School of Nutrition
The warfare in Iraq is taking its toll not only on that country's civilian population but also on the humanitarian organizations that assist people in need.
Report to the nation finds cancer incidence and death rates on the decline
The nation's leading cancer organizations report that Americans' risk of getting and dying from cancer continues to decline and survival rates for many cancers continue to improve.
A 'swarm' of satellites for a unique look inside the Earth
ESA's Earth Observation Programme Board has just decided which of the six Earth Explorer candidate missions, presented earlier in April at the User Consultation Meeting, will be developed and launched.
FUSE pierces the Veil
A creative new observation of a star situated behind the Veil Nebula may alter the way astronomers think about this important supernova remnant.
Continents played key role in collapse and regeneration of Earth's early greenhouse, geologists say
Now, the geologic record revealed in some of Earth's oldest rocks is telling a surprising tale of collapse of early Earth's greenhouse - and its subsequent regeneration.
Upgrading the US manufacturing sector
NEW DIRECTIONS IN MANUFACTURING, a summary of a workshop held by the National Academies' National Research Council in March 2003, analyzes measures the government could take to understand and improve the state of the nation's manufacturing sector and includes 19 articles from leaders in the field.
Antibiotics can prevent meningitis outbreaks
Giving antibiotics to everyone living in the same household as a patient who has had meningitis can substantially reduce the risk of further cases, according to a study in this week's BMJ.
Eyewitness memory poor in highly intense and stressful situations
The ability of recognize persons encountered during highly threatening and stressful events is poor in the majority of individuals, according to a Yale researcher.
K-State business researchers to help with major study on food supply veterinary medicine
Three researchers in Kansas State University's College of Business Administration will help a newly formed coalition of food supply veterinary interest groups determine methods to ensure adequate veterinary involvement in the production of a continuing abundant supply of safe and wholesome food.
Molecular marker predicts success of breast cancer treatment
A new study demonstrates that the ratio of the expression levels of two genes can be used to accurately predict the clinical outcome of tamoxifen treatment for early stage breast cancer.
Tamoxifen stimulates breast cancer growth following alteration of estrogen receptor
Scientists have discovered that resistance to tamoxifen treatment can be mediated by a modification of the estrogen receptor.
Debunking the myths surrounding asylum seekers and health care
A Health and Human Rights article in this week's issue of THE LANCET calls for UK health-care professionals to counter the negative attitudes to asylum seekers often perpetuated by the media and immigration services.
Film found on windows after 9/11 reveals higher level of pollutants
Pollutant levels in lower Manhattan after Sept. 11 may have been higher than those reported by previous researchers, according to Canadian scientists.
European Society of Cardiology Congress 2004 - Have you registered yet?
The next ESC Congress is swiftly approaching and will be held from 28th August to 1st September 2004 in Munich, Germany.
Scientists to view Venus' atmosphere during transit, search for water vapor on distant planet
Timothy Brown, a scientist at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder, Colo., will not sit idly by as Venus traverses the Sun for the first time in 122 years at an angle visible from Earth.
Margaret Foti to be honored for significant contributions to cancer care
Margaret Foti, Ph.D., M.D. (h.c.), chief executive officer of the American Association for Cancer Research, is the recipient of the American Society of Clinical Oncology's 2004 Special Recognition Award, given annually to acknowledge individuals who have had a major impact in areas of clinical oncology, cancer research, clinical trials, reimbursement and patient advocacy activities, as well as outstanding, long-term service to ASCO and to clinical oncology.
Protein engineered to detect nerve gas
Duke University Medical Center biochemists have used computational design to engineer and construct a protein that could sense the nerve agent soman.
Rethinking the science of politics - Multiple methods strengthen scientific inference
Why do political theories so often fail the test of common sense?
New projects challenge, excite Jefferson Lab's Detector Group
Underwritten by the U.S. Army and in collaboration with the University of Florida, the Jefferson Lab Detector Group is beginning development of a compact heart imager that can be quickly deployed and easily moved between such hospital areas as emergency departments and intensive care units.
Heart enlargement is a common cause of sudden death in young people
A seminar in this week's issue of THE LANCET highlights the frequency, diagnosis and management of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, an unexplained thickening of the heart in young adults that has a 1% annual risk of sudden death.
Saturn mission nearing crucial moment
Seven years of waiting comes to an end on 1 July when the Cassini spacecraft swoops closer to Saturn than any spacecraft previously.

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