Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 08, 2004
Enrollment in cancer clinical trials is lower for minorities, women, and the elderly
Racial and ethnic minorities, women, and the elderly were less likely to enroll in cancer clinical trials than whites, men, and younger patients, according to a study in the June 9 issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).

Mayo researchers find link between lower urinary tract symptoms and sexual dysfunction in older men
Mayo Clinic researchers report in the latest issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings that there may be an association between lower urinary tract symptoms and sexual dysfunction among older men.

Need sex? It's probably something about stress
When the going gets stressful, the Volvox turn sexual.

OUP launch a new Open Access Journal on Complementary and Alternative Medicine
This month sees publication of a brand new journal from OUP entitled eCAM (Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine).

National study shows 82 percent of U.S. homes have mouse allergens
Scientists at the National Institute of Environmental Health Science (NIEHS), one of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), have found that detectable levels of mouse allergen exist in the majority of U.S. homes.

UK's Warwick Manufacturing Group (WMG) is cloned in China
The Warwick Manufacturing Group (WMG), based at the University of Warwick, UK, and Malaysian firm Global EduTech Management Group (GEM) will launch the International Manufacturing & Technology Management Centre, which is receiving investment totalling $140 million, on 12th June 1004, in Suzhhou, China, to advance international collaboration in engineering.

Biogeosciences.org launches
An innovative new Web site bridging the earth and life sciences goes online today, providing a single resource for all things biogeoscience related.

Thimerosal, found in childhood vaccines, can increase the risk of autism-like damage in mice
Scientists from Columbia University report in Molecular Psychiatry the first animal model to provide evidence that postnatal administration of low-dose, vaccine-based mercury, in combination with genetic factors, can lead to behavioral and neurological changes in developing brain.

ESA's 37th parabolic flight campaign underway
The 37th ESA Parabolic Flight Campaign started last week in Bordeaux, France, with preparation and training for the experimenters involved.

Generics slow rising cost of prescription drugs in 2003
Higher generic drug use in 2003 slowed the rising cost per prescription to a 7.9% increase -- from $51.76 to $55.86.

Keeping your peas and carrots safe to eat
Recent advances in food safety research are enabling plant pathologists to gain insight into how dangerous human pathogens, such as strains of E.coli and Salmonella, can survive on fresh fruits and vegetables and what can be done to control future outbreaks.

Towards intelligent assistants
In the Priority Programme

UCI center finds perchlorate may be acceptable in drinking water at higher levels
Even at significantly higher levels than recommended by the state's leading health assessment agency, the contaminant perchlorate in drinking water seems to pose no additional risks to healthy people, according to a recent report issued by the UC Irvine Urban Water Research Center.

Lowly weeds may hold promise for curing host of common health woes
Unwanted, pulled or poisoned, the lowly weed is sometimes better than its highly touted

Obesity in developing countries compares to U.S. yo-yo dieting
The sad irony of obesity in developing, food-starved nations has not gone unnoticed by scientists.

Study finds that only half of a commonly used cancer drug is activated in cancer patients
According to results reported at the 40th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology, only half of the delivered dose a commonly used chemotherapeutic agent may be activated in cancer patients.

Pay or go away: What would spammers do?
A penny for your thoughts would take on a new meaning if spammers were charged for every e-mail message they sent.

'Safe' levels of lead, cadmium may raise risk of peripheral artery disease
Blood levels of two metals - lead and cadmium - may increase the risk of peripheral artery disease - even at levels currently considered safe, according to research published in today's rapid access issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Fuel efficiency stimulates use of lightweight materials in automobile industry
Lightweight materials may find exciting opportunities in the automotive industry as a means of increasing fuel efficiency.

Certain symptom patterns may provide clues for presence of ovarian tumors
Symptoms experienced by women that are more severe or frequent than expected and of recent occurrence warrant further diagnostic investigation because they are more likely to be associated with both benign (non-cancerous) and malignant (cancerous) ovarian masses, according to a study in the June 9 issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).

Secrets to life on Mars, predicting volcano eruption may be locked in tiny bubbles
By summer 2005, researchers in the Fluids Research Laboratory at Virginia Tech will be able to look for evidence of water on Mars by examining submicroscopic bubbles in martian meteorites, determine whether fluids and silicate melts trapped in volcanic rock can help predict future eruptions, and locate buried mineral deposits using data from surface rocks.

Nanotechnology pioneer slays 'grey goo' myths
Eric Drexler, known as the father of nanotechnology, today (Wednesday, 9th June 2004) publishes a paper that admits that self-replicating machines are not vital for large-scale molecular manufacture, and that nanotechnology-based fabrication can be thoroughly non-biological and inherently safe.

Study indicates early stage prostate cancer often develops into more aggressive disease
New findings from a long-term study of men with early-stage, initially untreated prostate cancer suggests that the risk of progression to more aggressive and lethal disease increases significantly in the long-term, according to a study published in the June 9 issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).

Key theory of galaxy formation no longer conflicts with observations
Astrophysicists led by the University of Chicago's Andrey Kravtsov have resolved an embarrassing contradiction between a favored theory of how galaxies form and what astronomers see in their telescopes.

Many cancer patients turn to complementary therapies for healing
People with cancer believe that it takes more than modern medicine to help them.

Los Alamos helps industry by simulating circuit failures from cosmic rays
Los Alamos researchers are using a proton accelerator to speed up potential circuit failure, battering circuits in a single hour with hundreds or thousands of years of the harmful neutrons created by cosmic rays.

Kangaroo hops in line for genome sequencing
The National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), today announced a partnership with the Melbourne-based Australian Genome Research Facility Ltd.

Patient privacy at risk in hospitals' hallways, lobbies, cafeterias
New health communication research shows that casual conversations in hospital hallways and waiting rooms poses a threat to the confidentiality of patients' medical information.

Purdue mathematician claims proof for Riemann hypothesis
A Purdue University mathematician claims to have proven the Riemann hypothesis, often dubbed the greatest unsolved problem in mathematics.

New way to tally death risk for heart patients could ease worry
When patients go home from the hospital after a heart attack or chest pain episode, they often face an uncertain future and a lot of worry.

LARGE protein can overcome defects in some types of muscular dystrophy
Expressing a protein known as LARGE can restore muscle function in mice with a type of muscular dystrophy.

Status syndrome: How your social standing directly affects your health and life expectancy
Autonomy, a sense of control over your life and social connectedness - rather than actual financial resources or access to medical services - have the greatest impact on your health and life expectancy.

Earstones tell fishes' tale of early life in the Colorado River estuary
UA researchers report that two fishes, the commercially important gulf corvina and the endangered totoaba, both use the Colorado River estuary as a nursery ground.

Researchers seek clues to healing radiation scars
Cancer patients who suffer from a progressive, deep scarring of tissue following radiation treatment might benefit from a drug that's FDA-approved to treat vascular disease, according to a University of Rochester study published in this month's Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Some heart attack patients may be resistant to blood thinner
A substantial proportion of heart attack patients may be resistant to the blood thinner clopidogrel - and face an increased risk of recurrent blockages, researchers report in today's rapid access issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Tracking climate change
In August 2004, a new and exciting chapter will be opened in the history of Arctic research.

Gene mutation causes progressive changes to cell structure in children with Progeria
Researchers today announced that a mutation of the Lamin A gene gradually causes devastating effects on cellular structure and function in children with Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome (HGPS or Progeria).

Health education PhD program ranked one of top in nation
The University of South Florida College of Public Health's doctoral program in health education ranks second overall in the nation, reports a study in the May/June 2004 issue of the American Journal of Health Education.

American Heart Association scientific statement
A new American Heart Association scientific statement suggests that children, teens and young adults with a spectrum of genetic cardiovascular diseases can exercise recreationally but should be guided by their physicians about what types of exercise are safe and which to avoid.

Four tourist destinations named best worldwide
Conservation International (CI) and National Geographic Traveler magazine announced today the winners of the 2004 World Legacy Award, given to environmental and social leaders in tourism.

Ultra-cold neutron source at Los Alamos confirmed as world's most intense
Researchers have measured ultra-cold neutron production in a new source that will provide the highest density of UCNs in the world.

Combination of factors helps estimate prognosis for patients with advanced dementia
A model has been created that can help determine the risk of death within six months for nursing home patients with advanced dementia, according to a study in the June 9 issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).

Patients not sticking to cholesterol drugs -- and the higher their co-pay, the lower their use
Tens of millions of Americans take cholesterol-lowering drugs every day to reduce their risk of heart attacks.

Age, race and sex disparity found in cancer research trial participation
Although people age 65 and older account for 62 percent of patients with lung, colon, breast or prostate cancer, they make up only 32 percent of cancer research participants, Yale researchers report in the June 9 Journal of the American Medical Association.
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