Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 10, 2004
Trapping carbon in soil key for protecting global food security, dealing with climate change
Restoring soil carbon levels should be a top priority among the global community, according to a viewpoint article in this week's issue of the journal Science.

Elderly, diabetics, women at risk for post-surgery infection
A Duke University Medical Center study of patients who undergo cardiothoracic surgery found the elderly, people with diabetes and women were more likely to develop a serious, potentially fatal chest infection caused by drug-resistant bacteria.

Deciphering the limits to human maximal exercise performance
The main factor limiting maximal exercise capacity is the amount of O2 that can be delivered to the active muscles.

Scientists receive awards, give lectures at the ASBMB/IUBMB meeting
Seven distinguished scientists - recognized as international leaders in their fields - will be given awards during the annual meeting of the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (ASBMB)/ International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (IUBMB) in Boston June 12-16.

Volcanic soils yield new clues about the emergence of powerful chiefdoms in Hawaii
The first Europeans who arrived in the Hawaiian Islands found a complex society whose economy was based on farming.

Is GSK guilty of fraud?
This week's editorial calls on GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) to make all its research on paroxetine (Seroxat/Paxil) publicly available.

Organization for Human Brain Mapping 2004 Annual Meeting
The latest developments in the field of functional human brain mapping will be presented at the annual meeting of the Organization for Human Brain Mapping, the primary meeting at which brain researchers throughout the world present their most recent findings.

Manipulating biotope space can enhance beneficial biodiversity effects
Using diverse plant mixtures instead of monocultures can increase yield and other ecosystem goods and services on which humans depend.

1st International Conference on Cell Therapy for Cardiovascular Disease
This one day symposium will bring together leaders in the field of cardiac myogenesis for presentations on current data in both basic and clinical areas.

52 thousand years of marine fertility sheds light on climate change
New Research on marine fertility shows that variations in the workings of the equatorial heat engine may be as imortant as high latitude processess.

The Mediterranean connection: ecological effects of El Niño in the Northern hemisphere
The North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) and the El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) are increasingly acknowledged as major climatic sources of ecological variability.

Early hormone therapy best for men with aggressive prostate cancer
Men with aggressive, metastatic prostate cancer who receive immediate early hormone therapy live on average three to four years longer than others who delay similar treatment, according to researchers at the University of Rochester.

Nutrients cause increase in parasites and frog deformities
Extra and missing-legged frogs have become increasingly common in North American wetlands.

Carnegie Mellon offers program to train more minorities in cybersecurity
Carnegie Mellon will offer a program designed to help Minority Serving Institutions start new programs or expand existing ones in the area of information security.

World-class facility for X-ray research to be dedicated
G-Line, a facility producing some of the world's most intense X-ray beams for research, education and training, will be dedicated June 15, 2004.

Researchers seeing double on African monsoons
NASA and University of Maryland scientists have found the African monsoon consists of two distinct seasons.

Gemini mirror is first with silver lining
A silver coating newly applied to the 8-metre mirror of the Gemini South telescope is set to make it the most powerful infrared telescope on the Earth, allowing UK astronomers and their international partners to study in detail the formation of stars and planets.

Canine word-learning research published in Science
Dog owners convinced of their pets' grasp of human language may be validated, at least in part, by new research on the word-learning abilities of a German family's Border collie.

No evidence for 'too posh to push' argument
There is no evidence to support the

Stigma attached to lung cancer can have far reaching consequences
The stigma attached to patients with lung cancer can have serious consequences on people's lives, finds new research on bmj.com.

JGI helps unravel sudden oak death
The U.S. Department of Energy's Joint Genome Institute will announce the completion of the genetic blueprints of the organisms, Phytophthora ramorum, the cause of Sudden Oak Death (SOD) and its cousin, Phytophthora sojae, responsible for soybean disease.

Home blood pressure monitoring improves control
Patients with high blood pressure (hypertension) who monitor their blood pressure at home have better control of their condition, according to a new study available on
UCSD partners with Peru in NIH grant to battle malaria, world's number 2 killer
In the middle of the Peruvian Amazon, a battle against malaria - the second largest killer of people worldwide - will be undertaken by an international team of researchers led by tropical disease specialist Joseph Vinetz, M.D., from the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) School of Medicine.

JGI, VBI help unravel sudden oak death & soybean disease
Researchers are closer now to thwarting two related plant pathogens, one causing

'Second opinion' partly successful in reducing unnecessary caesarean sections in Latin America
Results of a randomised trial of Latin American hospitals in this week's issue of THE LANCET suggest a way of reducing the costs associated with unnecessary caesarean-section deliveries.

Hospital falls study suggests ways to reduce risk
A study of patient falls during hospitalization has suggested steps nurses and family members might take to reduce risk, according to researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Effective referral key to improving care for severely ill children in low-income countries
The marginal role of referral to district hospitals for severely ill children in low-income countries is highlighted by a research letter in this week's issue of THE LANCET.

Lead and cadmium levels not as safe as previously thought
A link has been found between levels of lead and cadmium in the blood and peripheral artierial disease by researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Chemists retrieve clues to ancient ocean chemistry and global greenhouse from Cretaceous sediments
Global warming. Rising sea levels. Massive volcanic activity around the world.

Hidden cost of Colorado River diversions is $2.4 billion annually
The Colorado River's water no longer flows all the way to the Gulf of California.

Virginia Bioinformatics Institute researcher advances fight against sudden oak death disease
Virginia Bioinformatics Institute researcher Brett Tyler and his colleagues have successfully mapped the genome of the devastating pathogens Phytophtora sojae and Phytophtora ramorum.

Limited climate tracking in European trees despite 10,000 years of postglacial warmth
The relative roles of environment and history as controls of large-scale species distributions is a crucial issue in biogeography and macroecology.

UK study shows substantial reduction in stroke over past 20 years
Results of a study in this week's issue of THE LANCET highlight how improved treatment and management of risk factors have reduced the incidence of stroke by 40% in a region of the UK over the past 20 years.

Fat cells could provide the key to a longer life
With the threat of an obesity crisis looming, a study led by UCL researchers reveals today that fat tissue isn't always the enemy.

MRI scans could be 'acceptable alternative' to x-rays
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) could be set to replace the traditional x-ray and autopsy, according to an editorial in this week's BMJ.
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