Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 14, 2004
'Rolling Store' provides model for overcoming barriers to healthy foods and better health outcomes
The Rolling Store, a unique approach to overcoming economic and transportation barriers in order to provide poor women in the Lower Mississippi Delta access to healthy foods, not only prevented continuing weight gain - the study's objective - but resulted in weight loss and improved self esteem.

Altered protein involved in a novel link to Alzheimer's disease
New findings of the presence of beta amyloid in the brain of a mouse that overproduces a protein called p25 may help explain the occurrence of sporadic Alzheimer's (as opposed to the less common familial form of the disease) and also why stroke and high blood pressure increase the likelihood of developing Alzheimer's.

Txt ur dr. - are mobile phones the future of health monitoring?
Your doctor may soon be able to check on your recovery after a hospital stay by texting your mobile phone.

Highlights of the NIAAA position paper on moderate alcohol consumption
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) program staff have completed an extensive review of current scientific knowledge regarding the health risks and potential benefits of moderate alcohol consumption.

Jefferson scientists show rabies has potential use in vaccines for other infectious diseases
Rabies may hold a key to developing a vaccine against anthrax.

Parents can provide accurate reports of their children's ADHD symptoms
Traditionally, clinical trials of drugs to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children have relied on information provided by teachers to evaluate treatment success.

VELCADE(TM) data confirms long-term survival
New research data was presented at the 9th annual congress of the European Hematology Association confirming that treatment with VELCADETM in patients with relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma demonstrated a survival benefit of up to one and a half years.

Quantum dots see in the dark
Researchers at the University of Southern California and the University of Texas at Austin have built and tested a device based on nanostructures called quantum dots that can sensitively detect infrared radiation in a crucial wavelength range.

Fruit may help prevent vision loss in older people
Eating fruit may help protect against the development of age-related maculopathy (ARM), an eye disease that can cause blindness, according to an article in the June issue of The Archives of Ophthalmology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Early intervention lessens impact of autism
Contrary to popular fears that half of autistic children will never speak, new findings by the University of Michigan show just 14 percent of autistic children are unable to talk by age 9 and 40 percent can speak fluently.

Study finds over half of COX-2 patients take aspirin, possibly negating the COX-2 GI benefits
Findings reported in a study published today in the Archives of Internal Medicine found that over half of patients within a predominantly retiree population taking COX-2 anti-inflammatory drugs on a long-term basis were also taking aspirin therapy for its cardio-protective benefit.

Fish story linked to climate cycle
Old fish bones can tell scientists about more than what people used to eat.

The red planet - Dead or alive?
A UK team team are working to improve the equipment on space probes which is used to try and identify evidence of life on other planets.

New method of preserving fertility in young women with cancer
In a report recently published in the Lancet, physicians at the McGill University Health Centre (MUHC) have described a new way to preserve the fertility of women who must undergo chemotherapy.

Annals of Internal Medicine, tip sheet, June 15, 2004
In the June 15, 2004 issue of the Annals of Interanl Medicine, studies incldue: fat within the abdomen linked to high blood pressure; exercise doesn't slow thickening of arteries; and carefully monitored drug provocation tests can confirm true drug allergies.

USA's built-up surfaces equal Ohio in area
If all the highways, buildings, and other solid structures in the contiguous United States were pieced together like a jigsaw puzzle, they would almost cover the state of Ohio.

Breast cancer patients failed by treatment with taxol and taxotere respond to abraxane
US Oncology (Nasdaq: USON) announced that data presented this week by a network physician at the American Society of Clinical Oncology annual meeting demonstrate that the investigational drug AbraxaneTM (albumin nanoparticle paclitaxel), administered weekly without steroid premedication, is active and well tolerated in women with metastatic breast cancer whose disease had progressed while they were treated with paclitaxel (Taxol®) and/or docetaxel (Taxotere®).

Liver disease: it's not just how much you drink, but how and when you drink
Liver cirrhosis is approximately the 12th leading cause of death in the United States.

Listerine antiseptic proven as effective as dental floss
A major breakthrough in consumer health - The American Dental Association, for the first time ever, has given an indication that rinsing with Listerine Antiseptic Mouthwash is as effective as flossing to remove plaque and gingivitis from between the teeth.

Study offers new target to stop breast cancer growth
Two proteins that normally help cells move from place to place and are made in large quantities in breast cancer cells work together to promote the survival and spread of breast cancer, according to a new study by scientists at The University of Texas M.

Crater on Phoebe in close-up
This amazing high-resolution image of Phoebe's pitted surface was taken very near the closest approach by the NASA/ESA/ASI Cassini-Huygens spacecraft.

U.Va. doctors perform major diabetes procedure
A Charlottesville area woman may no longer need the insulin shots she's been giving herself every day for 32 years.

How genes get us wired
A University of Utah study indicates that genes involved in embryo development must work at both ends of a nerve before the nerve is able to link the brain to each body part it controls.

Study: Daily eye drops hold key to glaucoma prevention
Glaucoma, a leading cause of blindness, may be delayed or prevented in high-risk African Americans with daily eye drops.

Post-surgical pain may be age related
Pain after surgery to repair hernia was less intense for younger patients undergoing the procedure, according to an article in the June issue of The Archives of Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Scientists identify cells that lead to retinoblastoma
Scientists at Toronto Western Hospital have discovered the specific cells in the eye that develop into retinoblastoma, the most common eye cancer in young children.

Eye drops may delay or prevent glaucoma in African Americans at higher risk
Scientists found that daily pressure-lowering eye drops reduced the development of primary open-angle glaucoma in African Americans by 50 percent.

Case seeks Bolton-Brush growth studies participants for follow-up 'health survey'
The Bolton-Brush Growth Studies at Case Western Reserve University' School of Dental Medicine are among the world's longest-running studies on what it means to develop normally and healthy as a child and now adult.

Why men with high levels of anger and low anger control should not drink alcohol
Trait anger is a tendency to experience frequent and intense episodes of anger.

Patient safety gets boost with $10 million grant
With a $10 million grant from the Mt. Sinai Health Care Foundation, Case Western Reserve University's School of Medicine will create a new simulation-based medical education center to help reduce those nearly 100,000 patient deaths annually due to medical errors.

Ecosystem bounces back from hurricanes
After receiving the brunt of powerful hurricanes in 1996 and 1999, the Neuse River and Estuary and western Pamlico Sound in eastern North Carolina appear to have suffered few long-term ill effects from the storms, and have actually benefited ecologically in some ways from the storms' scouring effects.

Self-regulation, board action can douse potential executive 'flameout'
Boards must take a much more active role in reviewing the performance of non-profit agency executives before many of them engage in behavior that could harm them, the organization or industry, a University of Michigan professor says.

Study finds cannabis triggers transient schizophrenia-like symptoms
The principal active ingredient in marijuana causes transient schizophrenia-like symptoms ranging from suspiciousness and delusions to impairments in memory and attention, according to a Yale research study.

Fast-food beef tacos blamed for multi-state E coli outbreak
Thirteen people from Arizona, California, and Nevada who ate beef tacos from a national fast-food restaurant chain in 1999 became infected with Escherichia coli, according to a study in the June 15 issue of Clinical Infectious Diseases, now available online.

UCLA researchers recreate patterns formed by mammalian cells
For the first time, UCLA researchers have recreated the ability of mammalian cells to self-organize, forming evenly spaced patterns in a test tube.

First Annual Medical Education Leadership Institute
The American Medical Student Association (AMSA), the nation's largest, independent medical student organization and Mount Sinai School of Medicine (MSSM) today announced the

Study shows eye drops can delay or prevent glaucoma in African Americans at high risk
UC Davis ophthalmologists and other researchers around the country have found that pressure-lowering eye drops can delay or possibly prevent the onset of glaucoma in almost 50 percent of African Americans who are at higher risk for developing the disease.

Prostatitis associated with high medical costs
Patients with chronic prostatitis associated with chronic pelvic pain have substantial health care costs and have reduced quality of life, according to an article in the June 14 issue of The Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Scientists characterize new breast tumor subtypes with poor clinical outcomes
University of North Carolina molecular biologist Charles Perou has identified the pattern of genes that characterize a biologically distinct subtype of estrogen receptor negative breast tumor.

Cholesterol-lowering medications may reduce risk of glaucoma
Long-term use of statins, medications commonly prescribed to lower cholesterol, may be associated with a reduced risk of glaucoma among patients with cardiovascular diseases and high cholesterol, according to an article in the June issue of The Archives of Ophthalmology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Study shows how body dissatisfaction can lead to eating disorders
Just being unhappy with their bodies is not enough to lead most women into eating disorders - it takes additional factors, according to a new study.

Young black women have greater chance of fast-growing breast tumors than white women
A new study by researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center may help explain why African-American women with breast cancer are more likely to be diagnosed with advanced disease than white women.

Medical implants work better when you rough them up, study finds
Medical implants - from catheters that deliver long-term life support to joint replacements - may work better when their surfaces are on the rough side, new research suggests.

New type of liquid crystal identified; Holds promise of faster, lower priced liquid crystal displays
A new type of liquid crystal recently discovered holds the promise of faster liquid crystal displays at a lower price.

URI oceanographer receives NSF grant to study long-term climate change in Ghana, Africa
The National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded URI Graduate School of Oceanography (GSO) geological oceanographer Dr.

Scientists discover molecular target for treatment of T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia
A new research study identifies the molecular events that contribute to a notoriously treatment-resistant form of T cell leukemia.

University of Pittsburgh hosts sports concussion research conference
The University of Pittsburgh will host

Neurologists go to Washington
June 8 and 9 marked the second annual Neurology on the Hill Day as a group of 53 neurologists traveled to Washington, D.C. to put a face on neurological issues with more than 100 members of Congress.

Suicide among elderly persons associated with illness
Many common illnesses are independently associated with an increased risk of suicide in elderly people, according to an article in the June 14 issue of The Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

How fat poisons livers of obese children and adults
Obesity is the number one cause of chronic liver disease in the United States.

Existing drug may prevent brain injury and seizures in newborns
An existing drug may protect newborns from brain injury and long-term neurologic problems caused by excitotoxicity, or over-activation of neurons, report two NIH-funded studies from Children's Hospital Boston.
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