Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 23, 2004
New computational tools to aid in protein research
Computer Science Professor Bruce Randall Donald and his students are working to ease this burden by developing techniques that simultaneously minimize the number of experiments and accelerate the NMR data analysis involved in determining the structure of proteins.

Tiny iron supplement has chilling effect
A pinch of iron dramatically boosts the cooling performance of a material considered key to the development of magnetic refrigerators.

Tulane opens doors to discovery
A group of young doctors founded a school of medicine in New Orleans 170 years ago to address cholera, yellow fever and other deadly infectious diseases that riddled the port city.

Remote-controlled throwable robot developed by Carnegie Mellon with marines sent to Iraq for testing
Carnegie Mellon University robotics researchers, in conjunction with the U.S.

UA scientists help create spacecraft that think for themselves
UA hydrologists are developing software that will allow satellites to decide if they should immediately alert scientists to what they're seeing on the ground.

Mutant mice lead to memory insights
Two strains of mutant mice with crippled versions of a key memory molecule have led researchers to an understanding of both normal memory function and the memory problems that plague sufferers of an inherited disorder.

Dark days doomed dinosaurs, say Purdue scientists
By analyzing fossil records, a team of scientists including Purdue's Matthew Huber has found evidence that the Earth underwent a sudden cooling 65 million years ago that may have taken millennia to abate completely.

Evidence for fat hormone target in brain
Researchers have presented direct evidence that the fat hormone leptin affects a specific type of target neurons in the brain -- a prime link in the brain's regulation of the body's energy balance.

Plane ticket taxes lower than airlines claim, study says
In work that is aiding Congress' understanding of airlines' financial health, researchers from MIT and Daniel Webster College report a wealth of new information on the taxes and fees added to each domestic airline ticket and how they vary depending on carrier, distance traveled and other variables.

COPD is forgotten killer, says University of Toronto professor
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) will kill more women in Canada this year than breast cancer, says a University of Toronto researcher.

AGU journal highlights - 23 June 2004
In this edition: Why nitric oxide lights up the sky; Elephants communicate without a sound?; Modified equipment can provide high-resolution ionospheric data; Volcanic eruptions' effect on global climate change; First detection of flare from total solar irradiance observations; Connecting the San Andreas Fault through Southern California; Portion of Greenland magnetism comes from extraterrestrial source; Global warming melting Alps?; Worst case scenario of methane hydrate release; Global Positioning System for Mars?

Tips from the journals of the American Society for Microbiology
In this release: Fatty acids may fight salmonella in chickens; New vaccine may protect horses from deadly disease; Researchers identify new pathogen in patient with rheumatoid arthritis.

Hospital standards for high-risk surgeries save lives
If all hospitals met the quality standards for five high-risk surgeries set by a national coalition, it would save nearly 8,000 lives each year, according to a new study from the University of Michigan Health System.

Long history of missed opportunities plague Medicare prescription drug benefit
The 38-year struggle to provide a prescription drug benefit to seniors as part of Medicare is chronicled in a new historical analysis by researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and the University of California, San Francisco.

Growing replacement teeth and dental tissues
The restoration of lost tooth tissue, whether from disease or trauma, represents a significant proportion of the daily routine for many practicing clinicians.

'Mighty mouse' gene works the same way in people
By studying the genes of a German child born with unusually well developed muscles, an international research team has discovered the first evidence that the gene whose loss makes

New public policy & aging report highlights facts and fiction about anti-aging medicine
Can the aging process be decelerated or reversed and, if so, should it be?

'Shhh'- A flip of a switch may one day quiet jet engines
Jet engines may run quieter in the future, with technology developed at Ohio State.

$5 million grant funds partnership, studies of minority-based issues in reproductive health
Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center and Meharry Medical College in Nashville, Tenn., recently were awarded a $5 million collaborative research grant to establish research centers for the study of minority-based issues in reproductive health.

Study sheds new light on genetic risk for Parkinson's disease
By combining the results of 22 studies, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill researchers have found that a specific form of the gene APOE very slightly increases the risk of Parkinson's disease, even though the same gene is protective in Alzheimer's disease.

The mother lode of mutations
After five years and thousands of zebrafish breeding experiments, Mary C.

Super sprouts could help reduce cancer risk
A few forkfuls of sprouted vegetables could help protect against cancer, new research by Professor Ian Rowland and Chris Gill has shown.

Cassini VIMS team finds that Phoebe may be kin to comets
Saturn's outpost moon Phoebe is no captured asteroid. Cassini's Visual and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer shows Phoebe came from the frigid outer solar system.

Joslin researchers identify key molecule in Type 1 diabetes progression
Why do some people seem to develop type 1 diabetes rapidly while in others it may take years to develop?

Anorexia nervosa often chronic, study finds
Women who have been treated for anorexia nervosa remain at significant risk for relapse up to two years after their weight has been restored and they have been discharged from hospital, says a study from the University of Toronto and Toronto General Hospital.

Conferences tackle key issues in air conditioning and refrigeration
Hundreds of researchers from around the world will meet at Purdue University July 12-15 to discuss the hottest new air conditioning and refrigeration technologies, including designs aimed at reducing global warming, conserving energy and cooling future computers.

New honorary doctor: Joseph Juran--world nr 1 in quality development
For his contributions to changing the view of quality development in modern society, LuleƄ University of Technology is conferring upon the American Joseph Juran the title of honorary doctor.

SEROQUEL: New data confirm SEROQUEL's efficacy in a broad range of schizophrenia symptoms
AstraZeneca announced important new data today from three separate studies which show that patients with schizophrenia who are treated with Seroquel experience an overall improvement across a broad range of symptoms associated with schizophrenia, including both positive and negative symptoms, and cognitive functioning.

Schizophrenia patients achieve further improvements in symptom control with Risperdal(R) Consta(TM)
22 June 2004 - Paris - Adults in the early stage of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder whose symptoms were considered stable on their antipsychotic medication, experienced significant clinical improvements as early as one month after treatment was transitioned to RISPERDAL(R) CONSTA(TM) (risperidone) long-acting injection.

Protein believed to control formation of memory identified by Scripps & UCSD scientists
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute and the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) School of Medicine have demonstrated that the action of a protein called CBP is essential for the stabilization of long-term memory, a discovery that may help children with a rare but debilitating developmental disorder.

Common chemicals morphing into potential toxins in Arctic
Compounds used to protect carpets and fabrics may be travelling to remote regions of the planet and undergoing chemical reactions before building up in the food chain, says a new study from the University of Toronto.

Clinical judgement still counts strongly alongside genetic testing
Suggestions that genetic tests are taken more into account than a doctor's clinical judgement are dismissed in new research sponsored by the ESRC and published as part of Social Science week.

Simple test can help detect common lung disease
If you are a smoker or former smoker you should have a simple lung-function test, called spirometry, according to a review article in the New England Journal of Medicine. Spirometry can help detect chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the fourth leading cause of death in the United States.

Food for thought
Staying thin really is easier for some people than for others.

Better videoconferencing requires less computer network jitter, new software tools
Engineers have discovered what makes users of Internet videoconferencing like their quality of service -- or hate it.

New York City study shows newborns more susceptible to pollution than their mothers
A new study of the effects of combustion-related air pollutants in New York City reveals that babies in the womb are more susceptible than their mothers to DNA damage from such pollution.

NASA scientists get global fix on food, wood & fiber use
NASA scientists working with the World Wildlife Fund and others have measured how much of Earth's plant life humans need for food, fiber, wood and fuel.
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