Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 24, 2004
LSUHSC neurosurgical team discovers novel therapy for intractable hiccups
Dr. Bryan R. Payne, and Dr. Robert Tiel, neurosurgeons at LSU Health Sciences Center in New Orleans have discovered a new approach to treating medically intractable hiccups.

Vanderbilt Engineering to lead new defense nanotechnology program
The Vanderbilt School of Engineering will lead a new $2.4 million multi-institutional nanotechnology program funded by the U.S.

Scientists discover genetic marker responsible for two-fold increase in risk of rheumatoid arthritis
A team of researchers has discovered a genetic variation that doubles the risk for rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

Scientist honored for studies of genetic influence on chemotherapy, tumor development
Scott W. Lowe, Ph.D., professor and deputy director at the cancer center of Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory in Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y., is the recipient of the fourth American Association for Cancer Research-National Foundation for Cancer Research Professorship in Basic Cancer Research for greatly enlarging our understanding of the genetic factors that influence the aging and death of cancer cells.

Doubt over effectiveness of cholinesterase inhibitors for treatment of Alzheimer's disease
Authors of a UK study in this week's issue of THE LANCET conclude that the most widely used drugs to treat Alzheimer's disease (AD) have only minimal efficacy, and that an alternative approach for treatment is needed.

Cytomegalovirus infection still associated with poor HIV/AIDS prognosis
Results of a UK study in this week's issue of THE LANCET highlight how the treatment of cytomegalovirus infection remains a priority in order to improve the prognosis for people with HIV-1 infection, including people already receiving antiretroviral therapy.

Animal studies show promise for development of human SARS immunisation
An article and research letter in this week's issue of THE LANCET provide evidence for the effectiveness of experimental SARS immunisation in animal studies.

New research demonstrates powerful new tool used to study landslides
In what is perhaps the most detailed study yet of active landslides in the San Francisco Bay Area, UC Berkeley researchers found that the slides were moving downhill between 5 to 38 millimeters per year.

NCAR computer modelers to use powerful new Linux system
UCAR has purchased a large-scale, Linux-based computing system that will allow NCAR's major community climate and weather codes to be built, tested, and evaluated in a full-scale Linux environment for the first time.

New insight into cancer metastasis
Scientists know a great deal about how tumors originate and develop, but relatively little about how cancer manages to metastasize and invade distant tissues and organs.

Tobacco control style tactics needed to fight obesity epidemic
Global strategies similar to those used against the tobacco industry are needed to tackle the obesity epidemic, argue researchers in this week's BMJ.

Satellites aiding disaster relief
Recent demonstrations have shown how making use of digital processing technology on board satellites can help emergency services share information more effectively during natural disasters.

Massive disparities in medical school admission by social class
There are massive disparities in medical school admissions by social class, mainly because pupils from working class backgrounds see medical school as distant, unreal, and culturally alien, according to two studies in this week's BMJ.

Intranasal SARS vaccine protects monkeys from infection
A single dose of a test vaccine sprayed into the nose protects monkeys against the SARS virus, according to Alexander Bukreyev, Ph.D., Peter Collins, Ph.D., and coworkers at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

Alzheimer's disease, other dementias target of major NIH designation for UCSF
With the aim of accelerating the pace of discovery regarding dementing diseases, the UCSF Memory and Aging Center has been designated an Alzheimer's Disease Research Center by the National Institutes of Health, making it the only new center in the United States to receive the highly competitive funding designation in 2004.

First light for a revolutionary supernova spectrograph
In Hawaii, SNIFS, the Supernova Integral Field Spectrograph built by the international Nearby Supernova Factory, achieved

Study of accidental sand burials present information that could aid parents, health officials
As summer begins, researchers in the current issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings offer a strong reminder that parents should supervise children playing in sand.

MUHC researchers look at the national impact of osteoporosis
Even a minor accident or fall could result in a potentially disabling fracture for as many as 60 percent of Canadian women over age 50.

APS awards more than $200,000 to middle and high school science teachers
APS promotes innovative science teaching practices with

NIH awards grant for cancer research to the University of Wisconsin
HHS Secretary Tommy G. Thompson announced today the award of a $7 million National Institutes of Health (NIH) grant to the University of Wisconsin to help construct a cancer research facility, which will enable basic researchers and clinical investigators to work together to address the causes, prevention, and treatment of breast cancer.

Study: Too few doctors ask teens about smoking
Doctors are failing to identify smoking status in about half of the adolescent patients seen, according to a University of Wisconsin-Madison study.

Center for biosecurity at UPMC analyzes funding for U.S. government biodefense
The Center for Biosecurity of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center has released a summary and analysis of government spending over the past four years, as well as spending levels projected for 2005.

Anabolic steroids may improve surgical repair of torn shoulder tendons, study finds
New research from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill indicates that treatment with anabolic steroids may improve surgical repair of massive or recurrent tears of the shoulder's rotator cuff tendons.

Bad teeth blamed on unhealthy adult lifestyle
People with bad teeth can no longer blame childhood habits.

'Search and destroy' protein turns tables on HIV
A human protein that mutates the AIDS virus (HIV) and holds potential for keeping the disease at bay has been discovered and its function described by a team led by Reuben Harris of the University of Minnesota.

Research supports theory that ocean currents redistribute heat during warming & cooling
A paper published this week in the journal Science supports the hypothesis that heat transfer by ocean currents - rather than global heating or cooling - may have been responsible for the global temperature patterns associated with the abrupt climate changes seen in the North Atlantic during the past 80,000 years.

Story leads from the Mount Sinai Medical center
This release contains information on emerging developments in women's health, heart disease, diabetes, erectile dysfunction, thyroid disease and refractive eye surgery.

Melting ice cap gives urgency to new census of marine life project in Arctic Ocean
A new 'Census of Marine Life' project based in Alaska with global partners seeks to find lifeforms in the world's oldest seawater.

Call for removal of Crestor
The author of a letter in this week's issue of THE LANCET is calling for the removal of the statin rosuvastatin (Crestor) from the drug market, based on data suggesting that it has a poorer safety profile than other licensed statin drugs.

Rare, tiny find in West Australian waters
The find has excited scientists researching the micro zooplankton world.

Genetic basis for individual variations in the response to stress
It has been unknown why people respond to the very same stress differently: some are profoundly affected, while others can be unscathed.

$2.9 million CDC grant to Yale for study of Lyme disease transmission to humans
Durland Fish, professor of epidemiology in the Division of Epidemiology of Microbial Diseases at Yale School of Medicine, has received a $2.9 million, four-year grant from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to develop a detailed surface map of the eastern United States depicting human risk of infection from the spirochetal bacteria that causes Lyme disease.

Helping employees cope with aggressive customers
Clerks in box stores, supermarkets and motels -- as well as waitresses, secretaries and flight attendants -- know in their hearts that the customer is NOT always right, despite what the boss might say.

Researchers recommend new approach to combat drug-resistant staph infections
A team of international researchers has shown that coating implanted medical devices with a key peptide can prevent hospitalized patients from becoming ill or dying from virulent, drug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections.
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