Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 29, 2004
Successes in frozen ovarian tissue technology may offer hope to women being treated for cancer
Doctors in Denmark have succeeded in producing a two-cell embryo after ovarian tissue was removed, frozen, and then thawed and replaced two years later.Researchers at the Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, USA, have succeeded in removing a woman's ovary and preserving it in its entirety and scientists have succeeded in maintaining a woman's long-term ovarian function following the transplantation of her own, freeze-stored tissue.

Pregnancies from frozen eggs may help couples trapped by Italian law
Five children have been born conceived from previously isolated and frozen egg cells, Italian scientists announced today.

Herpes tool allows researchers to customize Alzheimer's vaccine
Scientists have taken an important step toward creating a vaccine against Alzheimer's disease, customizing the response of the immune system with unprecedented precision.

$200 thousand Vetlesen Prize awarded achievement in climate sciences research
Columbia University and the G. Unger Vetlesen Foundation present one of earth sciences most prestigious awards.

Infusion of two peptides acts to accelerate appetite satisfaction
New research offers clues on how to have the body say

Chemical Society announces EPA awards for environmentally friendly technology
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has recognized five research projects for creative chemistry that show promise for improving the environment.

Sound with space and motion
A new invention captures cues for direction, distance and movement and the subtleties of natural, ambient sound that other systems don't.

Researchers win Green Chemistry Award from US EPA and ACS
Two Georgia Institute of Technology faculty members who have collaborated for more than 15 years on sustainable chemical processes are among the winners of 2004 Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Awards from the U.S.

Deserts and rainforests are equally productive during drought
A team of researchers led by Melinda Smith at Yale and Travis Huxman at the University of Arizona report that, from desert to rainforest, during drought conditions, the maximum rain use efficiency (RUEmax), or effective productivity of plant growth per unit of precipitation converges to a common value.

Young gay men experience high rates of anti-gay violence and harassment
A UCSF study of gay and bisexual young men in Phoenix, Austin, and Albuquerque found that during a six-month period, over a third reported experiencing anti-gay harassment, 5 percent reported anti-gay violence and 11 percent reported anti-gay discrimination.

Satellites map volcanic home of Africa's endangered gorillas
Conservation workers have had their first look at satellite-derived map products that show a remote habitat of endangered African mountain gorillas in unprecedented detail.

Basic RNA enzyme research promises single-molecule biosensors
Research aimed at teasing apart the workings of RNA enzymes eventually may lead to ways of monitoring fat metabolism and might even assist in the search for signs of life on Mars, according to University of Michigan researcher Nils Walter.

Inaugural voyage of the integrated ocean drilling program sets sail
Scientists affiliated with the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP), an international scientific research program designed to contribute fundamental knowledge to the topics of climate change, geologic hazards, energy resources, and Earth's environment, departed Astoria, Ore., June 28, for the first leg of six planned expeditions.

In the obese, metabolic adaptations post-weight loss lead to regaining of shed pounds
After months of torturous dieting, there is nothing more frustrating than to find that the lost weight has returned.

It really doesn't take a rocket scientist! NASA to launch rocket students built from scratch
If you build it, they will launch it. That's been the basic hope of a small team of high school and college students from Ohio and Wyoming who are building a rocket from scratch.

It's better in the shade
As the popularity of coffee grows, a niche market for shade grown coffee has emerged.

Design competition for new Antarctic Research Station
A major international competition to design a new scientific research station at one of the Earth's most extreme environments - Antarctica - is launched this week by British Antarctic Survey (BAS) and the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA).

Study: Artificial sweetener may disrupt body's ability to count calories
Choosing a diet soft drink over a regular, sugar-packed beverage may not be the best way to fight obesity, according to new research from Purdue University.

Chromosomal chaos in early embryonic development linked to cell division abnormalities
Abnormalities in the spindles (the bi-polar thread like structures that link and pull the chromosomes during cell division) of human embryos before implantation may be the primary reason for many of the chromosome defects observed in early human development a scientist said on Wednesday 30 June 2004 at the 20th annual conference of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology.

Birds show superior listening skills
Canadian researchers have shown that humans just aren't cut out to discern certain pitches like their feathered friends.

Grants from Research to Prevent Blindness to support eye researchers surpassed $8 million in 2003
Research to Prevent Blindness (RPB), the world's leading voluntary health organization supporting eye research, awarded 80 new grants totaling $8,137,000 million in 2003 for research into the causes, treatment, and prevention of blinding diseases.

On-screen smoking by movie stars leads young teens to smoke, says Moores UCSD Cancer Center study
Teenage girls who have never smoked, never even puffed on a cigarette, are far more likely to start smoking if their favorite movie star smokes in movies, according to a 3-year study published in the July issue of the American Journal of Public Health, the most-cited public health journal.

Brightness discrimination in the dog
Dogs' ability to discriminate brightness is about half as good as that of humans, according to a study appearing in Volume 4, Issue 3 in the Journal of Vision.

New milestones on the path to conquering HIV drug resistance (AIDS)
Researchers at Rutgers University are clearly on the track of solutions to combat HIV drug resistance.

Single embryo transfer - a new understanding of factors for success
Transferring a single embryo to a woman can result in a similar number of pregnancies as double embryo transfer, while at the same time reducing the risk of multiple births and the complications due to twin pregnancies, a scientist said today at the 20th annual conference of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology.

Cassini-Huygens due to arrive at Saturn
The NASA/ESA/ASI Cassini-Huygens spacecraft is due to arrive at Saturn on 1 July 2004.

28-29 October conference on 'Ethics and Changing Energy Markets'
The 28-29 October conference on

USC researcher named General Motors Cancer Research Scholar
Judd Rice, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology at the USC/Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center and the Keck School of Medicine of USC, has been named one of five General Motors Cancer Research Scholars for 2004.

Significant differences in growth of male and female embryos after ICSI
There is a clear difference in growth rate between male and female pre-implantation embryos created by ICSI, but not after IVF, a scientist said today at the 20th annual conference of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology.

Endurance exercise found to be equally effective as diuretics in improving cardiac health
Sustained walking, jogging, or cycling, can equal medications in preventing high blood pressure and an enlarged heart.

Largest-ever air quality study poised to begin in seacoast N.H.
Hundreds of government and university scientists from across the country and in western Europe will be sampling the quality of the air this summer in the largest air quality and climate study to date as part of the International Consortium for Atmospheric Research on Transport and Transformation.

NASA helps track global air quality
NASA and other agencies will measure the movements of pollution around the globe this summer.

Early dexamethasone exposure has long-term neurodevelopment, neuroendocrine effects
An animal study finds dangerous consequences in tapering dose usage of a drug prescribed for treating extremely low birth weight infants with respiratory disorders.

Identifying children at risk of abuse
Children whose mothers suffer domestic abuse are much more likely to be abused themselves.
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