Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 08, 2004
Warren Pharmaceuticals publishes results of preclinical evaluation
Warren and its collaborators have synthesized molecules exhibiting only the tissue-protective effects of EPO.

Stem-cell research and reproductive cloning laws should be separate
The author of a Public Policy article in this week's issue of THE LANCET discusses recent failures of international organisations to establish clear policies with regard to stem-cell research and reproductive cloning.

Researchers discover how worms' noses sense oxygen
UC Berkeley and UC San Francisco scientists have discovered how the nematode C. elegans senses oxygen in the world around it.

Water study yields a few surprises for New England
New England's legacy of urban and industrial activities, together with recent development in forested areas, has affected the quality of rivers and ground water in cities and rural areas.

Star ratings assessment is flawed, argue researchers
The methods used to assess performance of NHS trusts are flawed, according to a study in this week's BMJ.

'Why Knot?' comic book teaches mathematical theory
Different from standard textbooks in almost every way,

Key principles for the foundation of a European Research Council (ERC)
The presidents and chairpersons of Europe's research organisations, known as the European Union Research Organisations Heads Of Research Councils (EUROHORCs), under the leadership of the current president, Professor Ernst-Ludwig Winnacker, President of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation), have agreed on the key principles for the foundation of a European Research Council.

Stroke and sensory rehabilitation research
The current issue of the Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development (JRRD) includes a half dozen articles focusing on stroke rehabilitation such as obstacle avoidance to improve gait and ethnicity differences in hospital admissions.

AIDS toll in African heartland isn't always what people think
New ways to study the impact of HIV/AIDS on rural African families is showing that conventional wisdom isn't necessarily wise, and pointing to better ways to help those struggling in the wake of death.

Children's Hospital Boston awarded over $500,000 for prostate cancer research
The Pentagon has awarded Children's Hospital Boston three highly competitive grants for prostate cancer research, totaling more than $500,000.

Tougher action needed to counter tobacco industry influence in Formula One
As the British Grand Prix approaches, researchers in this week's BMJ call for tougher worldwide action to counter the tobacco industry's influence in Formula One.

Stem-cell transfer could improve cardiac functioning after heart attack
Results of a randomised trial in this week's issue of THE LANCET suggest that the transfer of adult stem cells derived from bone marrow could improve cardiac functioning after heart attack.

'Light on a chip' potential seen by scientists spoofing natural phenomenon
An ultrafine nanometre 'drill' could be used to make some of the tiniest lenses imaginable and may also allow scientists to harness light for use in optical computers of the future, thanks to research published today.

Hospital inspections may be better guide to performance than star ratings
Hospital inspection scores may be a better measure of performance than star ratings, according to an analysis by Dr Foster in this week's BMJ.

Argonne wins four R&D 100 awards for innovative technologies
Four technologies developed or co-developed at Argonne have been recognized with R&D 100 Awards, which highlight some of the best products and technologies newly available for commercial use from around the world.

Gene therapy alternative to calcium channel blockers
In animal studies, scientists at Johns Hopkins have developed what is believed to be the first successful gene therapy that mimics the action of calcium channel blockers, agents widely used in the treatment of heart diseases, including angina, arrhythmias, hypertension and enlarged heart.

Study suggests first molecular target to halt spread of HPV
Penn State College of Medicine researchers have discovered the first molecular therapy to target cancer-causing components and thereby destroy a bona fide human papillomavirus (HPV) infection.

Study examines residency's influence in doctors' decisions to use smoking cessation methods
Primary-care doctors who use smoking cessation methods while training as residents are twice as likely to continue doing so in their medical practice more than eight years later, new research at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill shows.

OHSU scientists find gene influencing drug withdrawal
One of the genes that influences drug physical dependence and associated withdrawal has been identified at Oregon Health & Science University.

AGU Journal highlights - 8 July 2004
In this edition: Reading the magnetic writing on the wall; Coastal soil breathing caused by sea tides; Measuring elusive drift waves; Generalized law for aftershocks; Mapping a flux transfer event; Global sea level rise likely overestimated; First analysis of GRACE gravity field data; Analyzing recent surface energy trends; Atmospheric ions and aerosol formation; New method to estimate deforestation impacts on water cycle.

UCSD undergraduates participate in collaborative studies abroad on cyberinfrastructure
Nine undergraduate students from UC San Diego have arrived in Asia and Australia to conduct collaborative research on topics related to cyberinfrastructure, as part of a new NSF-sponsored program.

Lack of immune system protein prevents lupus-like condition in mice
Removal of an immune system signaling protein prevents the development of a lupus-like condition in mice, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

'You may have overstepped the mark' cancer expert warns Prince of Wales
In this week's BMJ, a leading breast cancer expert warns the Prince of Wales that he may have overstepped the mark with his public support for alternative medicine.

'It is time for scientists to make the case for stem-cell research'
Stem-cell research--and its political, legal, and ethical implications--is the theme of this week's issue of THE LANCET.

Study reports seafood allergies often begin later in life
A study led by Mount Sinai School of Medicine researchers and published in the July, 2004 Journal of Allergy & Clinical Immunology shows that seafood allergies are much more prevalent than once thought, with more than 6.5 million Americans believed to be affected.

Call for greater involvement of developing world scientists in fight against AIDS
On the eve of AIDS 2004, the XV International AIDS Conference in Bangkok, Thailand, the Third World Academy of Sciences (TWAS) and the African Academy of Sciences (AAS) have issued a Joint statement on HIV/AIDS in the developing world, calling for greater involvement of developing world scientists in research initiatives designed to treat and mitigate the disease.

Brain serotonin enzyme finding might explain psychiatric disorders
Researchers at Duke University Medical Center have provided the first direct evidence in mice for the role of an enzyme that specifically controls the production of serotonin in the brain.

Northern rim of Hellas basin
These images of the rim of the Hellas basin on Mars were obtained by the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) on board ESA's Mars Express spacecraft.

Confidentiality of genetic databases questioned by Stanford researchers
In their exuberance over cracking the genetic code, scientists have paid too little attention to privacy issues, say researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Access to DNA secrets yields better understanding of genes, possible tool for disease diagnosis
A new technique for examining DNA is giving scientists a more detailed picture of which genes have the propensity for activation, offering a new tool for understanding how genes function and possibly for diagnosing disease.

Could skin cells become brain cells?
Results of an experimental study in this week's issue of THE LANCET highlight how adult skin cells can be made into precursor nerve cells, with potential implications for the future treatment of neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson's disease.

Medical training reforms may have dire consequences
Current reforms of medical training may have dire consequences for the future of the medical profession and patients, warn researchers at Bristol University in this week's BMJ.

Humans may surpass other natural forces as earth movers
Think of large earth moving projects: highway interchanges, coal mines or Boston's Big Dig.

Tobacco sponsorship of Formula One must stop, say health experts
As the British Grand Prix gets underway this weekend, a team of international public health experts is calling for a comprehensive ban on sports sponsorship by transnational tobacco companies (TTCs), and the closing of the loopholes which enable the continuing use of Formula One as a means of peddling the tobacco pandemic.

The European Patent Office, third epolineĀ® annual conference
The European Patent Office (EPO) has announced its third epolineĀ® Annual Conference, which will take place at the Salzburg Congress, Austria on 23-24 November 2004.

FITS format liberation
For many years astronomical images from the world's telescopes were reserved for an elite of astronomers and technical people.

Linking with the future
Exploring and using space is the biggest adventure facing mankind.

U of T microbiologists achieve results with pattern recognition software
University of Toronto microbiologists have used pattern recognition software to discover the function of yeast genes essential to cell life - knowledge that could help scientists determine what causes cells to die, as well as what they need to live.

UCI launches nation's first medical education program focused on Latino culture
Sarah Lopez wants to improve health care for the large Latino community in her California hometown.

Global team of physicists upends standard model with discovery of neutrino oscillation, mass
A team of nearly 100 physicists from around the world have achieved results verifying that the elementary particle known as the neutrino exhibits a distinctive pattern of oscillation.

Article series aims to educate on the truth of anti-aging claims
As part of a summer effort to present peer-reviewed research on the truth of anti-aging medicine, The Gerontological Society of America has released the first of two special sections in The Journals of Gerontology: Biological and Medical Sciences (Vol.

Twin books detail recipe for dynamic high-tech industries in developing countries
Favorable government policies, clustering of hi-tech firms, and the availability of venture capital are essential ingredients for the development of a dynamic high-tech industry in developing countries, according to two new books by the United Nations University's Institute for New Technologies (UNU-INTECH).

Asian bird flu became highly pathogenic through continued circulation and gene swapping
An avian influenza virus that has caused three major outbreaks among poultry and killed several people in East Asia over the past seven years arose through a series of genetic reassortment events with other viruses.

Children of obese parents face highest risk of being overweight, Stanford study finds
The factor that puts children at greatest risk of being overweight is having obese parents, according to a new study by Stanford University School of Medicine researchers.

Study finds majority of children playing sports unprepared for asthma attacks
More than three-fourths of children with asthma were unprepared for an exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB) event, or asthma attack, according to a recent study.

Human periodontal ligament stem cells isolated for the first time
Scientists have isolated human postnatal stem cells for the first time directly from the periodontal ligament, the fibrous, net-like tendon that holds our teeth in their sockets.

American Sociological Association convenes 2004 annual meeting in San Francisco
The American Sociological Association's (ASA) 99th Annual Meeting will convene August 14-17th, 2004, at the Hilton San Francisco and the Renaissance Parc 55.

Triple-vaccine strategy stimulates strong HIV-specific immune response in monkeys
In a new study, researchers report success in monkeys of an innovative triple-vaccine strategy aimed at creating an effective anti-HIV vaccine regimen.
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