Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 19, 2004
UGA named recipient of $5.6 million grant from NSF for corn improvement
Corn is by far the most important cereal grain grown in the United States, and a project at the University of Georgia that could one day lead to the development of artificial corn chromosomes has just been awarded a five-year grant by the National Science Foundation for $5.6 million.

Eating broiled, baked fish may lower incidence of irregular heart rhythm in the elderly
Eating broiled or baked fish - but not fried fish or fish sandwiches - appears to lower the incidence of the most common irregular heartbeat among the elderly, according to a study published in today's rapid access issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Songbirds escaped from Australasia, conquered rest of world
A comprehensive study of DNA from songbirds and their relatives shows that these birds, which account for almost half of all bird species, did not originate in Eurasia, as previously thought.

Long-term heart damage may result from constant confrontation and defeat
A new study in animals shows that the body may seem to adapt, but long-term damage to the heart may be occurring.

Human intelligence determined by volume and location of gray matter tissue in brain
General human intelligence appears to be based on the volume of gray matter tissue in certain regions of the brain, UC Irvine College of Medicine researchers have found in the most comprehensive structural brain-scan study of intelligence to date.

Yale receives $2.1 million Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation grant for HIV prevention in India
Yale University today announced that its Center for Interdisciplinary Research on AIDS (CIRA) has received a $2.1 million grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to support HIV prevention research among high-risk populations in India.

Drug can induce tanning when used with sunlight or simulated UV-B light
Melanotan-1, a synthetic agent similar to the body's hormone that regulates skin pigmentation, can be combined with UV-B light or sunlight, and appears to act synergistically in the tanning response to light, according to an article in the July issue of The Archives of Dermatology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Obesity, diet, inactivity linked to dementia risk
Cardiovascular disease risk factors such as midlife obesity, high cholesterol, and high blood pressure also appear to speed cognitive decline later in life, according to research reported today at The 9th International Conference on Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders (ICAD) in Philadelphia, presented by the Alzheimer's Association.

UAB creates the first Internet server to search for genetic diversity
Researchers from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona have developed the first international server that allows to analyze genetic diversity on a large scale.

Dr. Patricia Limerick to speak at ESA annual meeting
Author and historian, Dr. Patricia Limerick, will deliver the Public Plenary Address of the Ecological Society of America's 89th Annual Meeting, held this year in Portland, Oregon August 1 - 6, 2004.

Galileo moves forward
The GalileoSat development and in-orbit validation phase is well under way and the European Space Agency (ESA) has just released its procurement process to Industry indicating that the first completely civil satellite navigation system is moving forward.

16th EORTC - NCI - AACR Symposium
Three of the world's leading cancer organisations - the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer, the National Cancer Institute (USA) and the American Association for Cancer Research join forces in Geneva, Switzerland, from 28 September to 1 October to provide a platform for presentation of the latest findings in drug research and development to around 2,000 international experts in the field.

Researchers identify gene for a primary form of sudden infant death sydrome (SIDS)
Scientists at the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen), Phoenix, Arizona, and the Clinic for Special Children, Strasburg, Pennsylvania, have found the genetic basis for one form of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).

Silicon-based photodetector is sensitive to ultraviolet light
By depositing thin films of silicon nanoparticles on silicon substrates, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have fabricated a photodetector sensitive to ultraviolet light.

Orqis Medical receives FDA conditional approval for pivotal trial of cardiac recovery system
Orqis Medical Corp. today announced that it has received FDA conditional approval to conduct a multi-site, randomized clinical trial of its Cancion® CRSTM therapy to investigate its effectiveness in treating patients with acutely decompensated heart failure.

NASA to decommission the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission
NASA will decommission the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) later this year.

Injectable soft tissue implant material appears effective in facial plastic surgery
The use of an injectable implant material appears effective and well tolerated by patients undergoing facial soft tissue augmentation, and patient satisfaction with treatment is high, according to an article in the July/August issue of The Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Vaccine boosts immunity against cancer target
A therapeutic cancer vaccine being co-developed by the Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research (LICR) and the Australian biotechnology company CSL Limited successfully induced a comprehensive immune response in patients and appeared to delay cancer recurrence.

Friedman School of Tufts: Policy Points
While much of the discussion in the media about obesity has focused on nutrition policies, such as dietary guidelines, or a debate about individual responsibility, a recent article in the Annual Review of Nutrition takes a different tack.

Annals of internal medicine tip sheet, July 20, 2004
Guidelines show how heart patients can travel safely by air.

Air travelers with cardiovascular disease remain safe--with some recommendations
A review article by Yale researchers reaffirms that the vast majority of people with cardiovascular disease can travel safely on airlines, provided they follow basic guidelines such as carrying an ample supply of medication or waiting two weeks to travel after having a cardiac procedure.

Security the biggest roadblock to increased adoption of wireless technologies
Wireless technologies are increasingly moving into the spotlight with telecom operators expected to gradually evolve from existing 2G to next-generation 3G infrastructures.

Carnegie Mellon organizes supply chain trading agent competition
Computer agents developed by 32 teams from around the world will come together next week at Columbia University and vie to surpass each other at manufacturing, selling and distributing PC's in the second annual Supply Chain Management Trading Competition (TAC-SCM) designed by Carnegie Mellon University researchers.Final rounds take place July 20-22 at the Third International Conference on Autonomous Agents & Multi Agent Systems (AAMAS 04).

Study suggests broader chemotherapy attack in breast cancer
In the first comprehensive survey of gene activity in each cell type composing normal and malignant breast tissue, scientists at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute have identified genes in non-cancerous supporting cells that can spur the growth of breast cancer cells.

Researchers in UGA Vet School discover a mechanism that blocks replication of a retrovirus
A team of scientists led by University of Georgia researchers has discovered a naturally occurring mechanism that blocks a critical step late in retrovirus replication.

Was Atkins right?
The scientific community knows that high protein diets induce early marked metabolic changes in human and animal models, especially when the diet contains at least 50 percent of energy as protein, but the physiological and functional consequences of a long-term high protein (HP) diet have not been fully explored.

Medicare claims for Alzheimer's disease skyrocket 250 percent
The rate of Medicare beneficiaries identified as having Alzheimer's disease rose 250 percent during the 1990s, according to a study reported at The 9th International Conference on Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders (ICAD), presented by the Alzheimer's Association.

Educating immune system may ease future use of stem cells
Results of laboratory experiments by Johns Hopkins scientists suggest it may be possible to

Advancements in micro technology catapult MEMS-based applications
The burgeoning interest in micro technologies, partly triggered by the rapid growth of nanotechnology, is opening up a floodgate of opportunities for developing new, micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) based applications and products.

New discovery could provide tool to detect whether a cancer will develop and spread
Scientists at the Pacific Northwest Research Institute in Seattle have found evidence for a DNA structure characteristic of metastasis in normal tissues from prostates with metastazing tumors.

Unique partnership between UH, FDA opens path for scientific exchange
A partnership between the FDA and the University of Houston that puts the College of Pharmacy in the vanguard of developing new drugs and biomedical policy is being revised and expanded.

Decoy protein shows promise as potential cancer therapy
Two research studies demonstrate that targeting a portion of a protein associated with many human cancers, including breast, lung, liver, kidney, and colorectal cancers, may have significant potential therapeutic applications with less toxicity than more general inhibitors of the same signaling pathway.

Inflammation's trigger finger
A molecule found in nearly all cells plays a vital role in kick-starting the production of key biological molecules involved in inflammation, a group of Salk Institute scientists has discovered.

Aurora participants approve preparatory phase for European Space Exploration Programme
At the last meeting of the Aurora Board of Participants, held at ESA's Paris headquarters on Thursday 8 July, the participating states approved the Preparatory Phase of the European Space Exploration Programme (ESEP).

Stroke severity is predominant predictor of discharge destination for patients
Increasing stroke severity, as measured by the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale, increases the likelihood that stroke patients who are treated with a clot-dissolving drug will be discharged to rehabilitation or nursing homes, rather than to their own homes, according to an article in the July issue of The Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Levodopa and pramipexole both good options for initial treatment of Parkinson disease
The drugs levodopa and pramipexole both appear to be reasonable options as initial therapy for Parkinson disease, but they are associated with different efficacy and adverse effects, according to an article in the July issue of The Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Reading hexametric rhyme supports cardiac synchronization, especially after a heart attack
Reciting poetry may be a key to heart health.

New report highlights lack of minorities in medicine
A new report highlighting the lack of diversity throughout Massachusetts' physician workforce was released today by the Physician Diversity Project at Health Care For All.
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