Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 27, 2004
Scientists build on case connecting inflammatory disease and depression
Feeling sick can be

Leg symptoms and severity of peripheral arterial disease predict functional decline
The presence and severity of peripheral arterial disease, as measured by comparing blood pressures in the arm and leg, and the nature of the leg symptoms a patient experiences can be used to identify those at highest risk of decline in walking endurance, according to a study in the July 28 issue of JAMA, the Journal of the American Medical Association.

South African Ministers open African office of Clinical Trials Partnership
On 26th July 2004, the South African Minister of Health, Dr.

Jobs offshored for cost savings and quality
Forty-five companies known for sending work outside of their own companies for completion, surveyed by the Earth Institute at Columbia University, show that 82 percent are currently outsourcing jobs, 79 percent to offshore businesses.

OHSU researchers discover possible method for early detection, prevention of premature birth
OHSU Researchers have discovered a method for detecting intra-amniotic infections in pregnant women using state-of-the-art methods.

NASA plays key role in largest environmental experiment in history
Researchers from around the globe participating in the world's largest environmental science experiment, the Large- Scale Biosphere Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA), will, fittingly, convene in Brazil this week.

Delta digs show sea is rising
New research by a team of geologists indicates a steady sea level rise along the Gulf of Mexico over the past 8,000 years -- contradicting other studies that suggest a more erratic pattern.

Misfiring proteins tied to inflammation and sick feeling of type 2 diabetics
After a series of studies in the laboratory of Dr.

Reaching for the gold
Using state-of-the-art biomechanical techniques, USC scientists can help athletes striving to reach this summer's Olympics.

Use of cameras to monitor nursing-home care is subject of controversy
The proposed use of Web or video cameras, dubbed

Clonidine reduces post-surgical risk of cardiovascular death in non-cardiac surgery
Patients with or at risk for heart disease who take the anti-hypertensive drug clonidine before non-cardiac surgery can significantly reduce the risk of complications and death due to inadequate blood flow to the heart, according to a study by UCSF researchers at the San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center.

Study: Contact lenses good option for 8- to 11-year-olds
Swapping spectacles for contact lenses was once a right-of-passage for young teenagers.

Researchers look into components of RNA silencing machinery
Up to 95 percent of a person's DNA is believed to be junk DNA.

Researchers review evolutionary history of modern algae
Trees and grass are usually the only

Virtual counselor supplements traditional genetic counseling
An interactive computer program developed at Penn State College of Medicine is as effective as one-on-one genetic counseling for increasing knowledge of breast cancer and genetic testing among women at low risk for breast cancer.

Ocean study explores link with Australian and Indonesian rainfall
Scientists are investigating fluctuations in the flow of warm waters from the western Pacific Ocean draining through the Indonesian Archipelago into the Indian Ocean north of Australia.

NIH renews funding for continued Rb2 tumor suppressing gene research at Temple
NIH has awarded $1.68 million to Antonio Giordano M.D., Ph.D., director of Temple University's Sbarro Institute for Cancer Research and Molecular Medicine and an internationally recognized researcher in the genetics of cancer, to continue exploring the role the tumor suppressing gene Rb2/p130 plays in cancer.

Jefferson study shows Frova (frovatriptan) effective in preventing menstrual associated migraine
A study conducted by researchers at Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, and published today in the journal Neurology, shows that Frova (frovatriptan), a triptan class migraine therapy with a long half life, significantly reduced the incidence of menstrual associated migraines (MAM) in women who took the medication preventively, in advance of anticipated onset of headache.

Researchers unearth ancient continental rift activity
Researchers at the University of Alberta have found evidence that a 2,000-kilometre corridor stretching diagonally across northern Canada was under tremendous pressure to split in two about 2.7 billion years ago.

Legendary Scripps geologist receives Drake Medal
Robert L. Fisher, research geologist emeritus at Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, has been awarded the inaugural Drake Medal by the General Bathymetric Chart of the Oceans (GEBCO) organization.

Satellites are tracing Europe's forest fire scars
Burning with a core heat approaching 800°C and spreading at up to 100 metres per minute, woodland blazes bring swift, destructive change to landscapes: the resulting devastation can be seen from space.

Fractured crater near Valles Marineris
This perspective image of a fractured crater near Valles Marineris on Mars was obtained by the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) on board the ESA Mars Express spacecraft.

Carnegie Mellon University hosts ACS-PRF summer school on green chemistry
Graduate students and postdoctoral fellows from across the Americas will come to Carnegie Mellon for a week of immersion in green chemistry at the ACS-PRF Summer School on Green Chemistry.

New study explodes myth about vegetarian diet
In a new study appearing in the summer 2004 issue of the Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation, Neal D.

Environment influences learning: U of T study
The environment plays an important role in memory retrieval, says a new University of Toronto study.

Real leaders embrace change, regardless of title or position
Too often we confuse leadership with a title or position and believe that authority is enough to alter people and move organizations.

Ancient brewery discovered on mountaintop in Peru
Archaeologists found a 1,000-years-old brewery in southern Peru that may be the oldest large-scale brewery ever found in the Andes.

New theory links neutrino's slight mass to accelerating universe expansion
Two major physics breakthroughs during the last decade are the discovery that neutrinos have mass and the detection that universe expansion is accelerating.

Decision aids can help women learn about breast cancer and assist in choosing treatment
An interactive computer program can help educate women about breast cancer risk and genetic testing, and a decision board offering information on treatment options can help breast cancer patients choose between mastectomy and breast-conserving therapy, according to articles in the July 28 issue of JAMA.

Sandia supercomputer to be world's fastest, yet smaller and less expensive than any competitor
Red Storm will be faster, yet smaller and less expensive, than previous supercomputers, say researchers at the National Nuclear Security Administration's Sandia National Laboratories, where the machine will be assembled.

Newly designed nanoparticle quantum dots simultaneously target and image prostate tumors in mice
Emory University scientists have for the first time used a new class of luminescent

Scientists suggest framework for epigenetics in common disease
Scientists at Johns Hopkins are calling for simultaneous evaluation of both genetic and epigenetic information in the search to understand contributors to such common diseases as cancer, heart disease and diabetes.
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