Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 29, 2004
ORNL, sister DOE lab, technologies making a difference in North Carolina
After just two months, a partnership between Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the Institute at Biltmore has hit full stride in support of entrepreneurs and economic development in Western North Carolina.

Yale researcher finds pattern in maintaining weight loss
Eighteen women who maintained a weight loss of 15 to 144 pounds for at least one year and as long as 27 years followed similar patterns leading to consistent behavior change.

Study finds anti-HIV protein evolved millions of years before the emergence of AIDS
A protein that the body uses to attack the AIDS virus is actually a stealthy defense mechanism that evolved 32 million years before the emergence of HIV.

Building on success: Scope for further expansion of tuberculosis control in China
The results of an initiative to reduce tuberculosis in China--supported by the World Bank and WHO--are reported in this week's issue of The Lancet.

New hope for the estimated 300,000 Americans co-infected with hepatitis C and HIV
A landmark study published in this week's New England Journal of Medicine reveals the highest efficacy rates ever reported among patients co-infected with hepatitis C and HIV treated with pegylated interferon and ribavirin.

Whale carcass yields bone-devouring worms
In the July 30 issue of Science, scientists describe two new species of worms that feed only on the bones of dead whales.

ASU researchers demonstrate new nanotech effect - moving water molecules by light
A team of researchers at Arizona State University has demonstrated the ability to move water molecules by light -- a phenomenon they believe could have widespread use in analytical chemistry and possibly pharmaceutical research.

August GEOLOGY & GSA TODAY media highlights
Topics include: water chemistry as a predictor of earthquakes; insights into Martian surface alteration; whether many small ruptures on the San Andreas fault might reduce occurrence of large earthquakes; impact of glacial-interglacial rhythms on rainforests; evidence of the Chesapeake Bay impact event found in Georgia; and how Richmond's Goochland terrane originated in Long Island, went out to sea, and ended up in Virginia.

Firefly compound lights up 'protein dance' in living animals
Radiologists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have developed a first-of-its-kind noninvasive imaging technique that allows them to watch two proteins interacting in live animals.

Study highlights need for improved care of diabetes patients in UK general practice
Results of a UK study in this week's issue of The Lancet highlight how people with diabetes controlled by diet alone have significant rates of complications and are less likely than patients on medication to be adequately monitored.

Common osteoarthritis drugs are ineffective after two weeks
Using topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) to relieve the pain of osteoarthritis is only beneficial for the first two weeks, finds a study available on
Drug to fight virus in transplant patients moves forward in trials
A drug once considered for cancer chemotherapy is advancing in clinical trials to test its effectiveness in fighting a virus from the herpes family that threatens transplant patients.

New regulations hinder research
New ethics committee regulations impede and delay clinical research, sometimes to the extent that conclusions are flawed and patients damaged, according to several articles in this week's BMJ.

Swift satellite to catch mysterious bursts from deep in the cosmos
The Swift satellite, which will pinpoint the location of distant yet fleeting explosions that appear to signal the births of black holes, arrived at Kennedy Space Center today in preparation for an October launch.

Partnership for Prevention and ACPM commend expanded coverage of preventive services under Medicare
Partnership for Prevention, a nonprofit organization devoted to helping Americans prevent disease and injury, welcomes new proposed rules from the Department of Health and Human Services to expand coverage for preventive services under Medicare as

Monsoons, North American style: NCAR helps probe the Southwest's summer rains
From Mazatlán to Tucson, the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) is analyzing moisture-laden skies as part of the largest study yet of the North American Monsoon, the summer rains that affect dryland farming, ranching, and wildfire control across the southwest United States and northwest Mexico.

The beak of the squid
RNA interference (RNAi) has emerged as a fundamentally important biological phenomenon and as a versatile, powerful tool for biomedical research.

UW researcher links storytelling and mathematical ability
Math and storytelling may seem like very different abilities, but a new study by University of Waterloo scientist Daniela O'Neill suggests that preschool children's early storytelling abilities are predictive of their mathematical ability two years later.

Emergency contraception: Why over-the-counter 'Plan B' is a flawed concept
Switching the controversial emergency contraceptive known as Plan B to over-the-counter status is bad medicine according to a leading medication therapy journal.

American Society of Mammalogists honors CI president Russell Mittermeier with Aldo Leopold award
Conservation International President Dr. Russell A. Mittermeier was awarded the second annual Aldo Leopold Award from the American Society of Mammalogists (ASM), CI announced today.

Study reveals surprising 'remodeling' property of gene regulation process
Much like moving furniture around to create more space, cells dramatically rearrange their entire genome in order to allow the right genes to be turned on at the right time, a new research at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill shows.

Why is Ian Kennedy's healthcare commission damaging NHS care?
Here is the full text of an open letter from The Lancet to Ian Kennedy, Chair of the newly established UK healthcare commission.

DFG presents the 2004 MAK and BAT value lists
The Senate Commission of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) on the Investigation of Health Hazards of Chemical Compounds in the Work Area has presented the 2004 Maximum Allowable Concentration (Maximale Arbeitsplatzkonzentrationen - MAK) and Biological Tolerance Value (Biologische Arbeitsstofftoleranzwerte - BAT) list and submitted it to the German Federal Minister of Economics and Labour.

Synthetic prion causes neurological disease in mice
Scientists have produced a prion protein that can trigger the development of a neurological disorder in mice that is similar to

Financial breaks encourage adoption of cardiovascular guidelines
A little incentive can go a long way in encouraging hospitals to adopt treatment standards that can keep cardiovascular patients from making repeat hospital visits, a new research suggests.

Failed asylum seekers must not be denied health care
It is unethical to deny failed asylum seekers access to the NHS, argues a doctor in this week's BMJ.

Prion finding offers insight into spontaneous protein diseases
UCSF scientists are reporting what they say is compelling evidence that the infectious agent known as prion is composed solely of protein.

Combining radiation modalities increases
High-risk prostate cancer patients who undergo a combination of hormonal therapy, radioactive seed implant (also called brachytherapy) and external beam radiation therapy are shown to have an increased chance of cancer cure, according to a new study by researchers at Mount Sinai School of Medicine published in the August 1, 2004, issue of the International Journal of Radiation Oncology*Biology*Physics.

Software offshoring: Big savings, quality concerns
Companies can save thousands of dollars by outsourcing the development of custom-software projects to low-cost, offshore locations such as India and China, say researchers at the University of Michigan Business School and the University of Pennsylvania's Wharton School.

Encouraging progress towards early identification of anthrax inhalation
Authors of a research letter in this week's issue of The Lancet outline progress in the ability to rapidly detect anthrax inhalation in the event of bioterrorist attacks.

Studies show tacrolimus is more effective than pimecrolimus
Data presented here today at the Academy 2004 meeting of the American Academy of Dermatology demonstrate that tacrolimus ointment is more effective than pimecrolimus cream in the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with atopic dermatitis (AD).

U. of Colorado research team traces origins, uplift of California's highest mountains
A new study of California's southern Sierra Nevada range by a University of Colorado at Boulder research team has located a massive body of rock that sank into Earth's mantle some 3.5 million years ago, allowing the mountains to pop up.

Save the rainforest - eat a tree
A University of Utah experiment conducted in Peru's Amazon Basin shows insects increase the diversity of the rainforest when they munch on trees.

Spring through fall, cities are greener longer than neighboring rural regions
Summer can sometimes be a miserably hot time for city dwellers, but new research shows that an urban setting allows plants to bask in a hot-house environment that keeps them greener longer.

UW to lead most comprehensive study of air pollution and cardiovascular disease
Researchers at the University of Washington will direct the largest study of its kind to explore the connection between air pollution and the No.

Carnegie Mellon and University of Pittsburgh scientists discover biological basis for autism
A team of brain scientists at Carnegie Mellon and the University of Pittsburgh have made a groundbreaking discovery into the biological basis for autism, a mysterious brain disorder that impairs verbal and non-verbal communications and social interactions.

NASA Marshall Center awards 2004 'Software of the Year' honor to space vehicle flight simulator
A flight simulation program, developed by Marshall Center aerospace engineer James McCarter, has been named Marshall's 2004

AGU journal highlights - 29 July 2004
In this edition: Evidence for unique particle distribution in noctilucent clouds; Special section on San Andreas Fault Observatory project; Plumbing the depths of the San Andreas Fault; Solar variation may drive geomagnetic cycles; Creating artificial high-altitude auroras; Strong El Nino makes a good test for circulation models; Blackout reveals power plant pollution; Spring increase in Arctic cloudiness; Revised estimate for water volume through ocean straits; and Revising noise limits for ocean studies.

Urban heat islands make cities greener
Some people think cities and nature don't mix, but a new NASA-funded study finds that concrete jungles create warmer conditions that cause plants to stay green longer each year, compared to surrounding rural areas.

Meteorite from Oman records its lunar origins, history
Scientists have pinpointed the source of a meteorite from the moon for the first time.

Proteomic research centers target bioterrorism agents, infectious diseases
The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases has awarded Virginia Bioinformatics Institute at Virginia Tech $2.89 million, part of a $8.74 million contract with Social & Scientific Systems Inc., to establish an Administrative Resource for Biodefense Proteomic Research Centers.
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