Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 30, 2004
NIST's new way of 'seeing': A neutron microscope
A prototype microscope that uses neutrons instead of light to

NIST tackles tough problems with reliable computer grids
By connecting hundreds or even thousands of computers together to work on a single project, computer scientists are more frequently using a technique called grid computing to do previously intractable computations.

Tinnitus patients need not suffer in silence
Oregon Health & Science University researchers publish new findings, recommendations to help clinicians identify, treat and help patients manage tinnitus.

Hypnosis more helpful to men than women in quitting smoking
Men who try hypnosis to help them quit smoking are more likely to be successful than women who use the same treatment, according to new research.

APS/IUPS launch PHYSIOLOGY bimonthly
American Physiological Society and IUPS are launching a new bimonthly, PHYSIOLOGY, to be the driving, focal publication with invited reviews and features that critically discuss cutting-edge research and developments in physiology, the integrative science that bridges bioscience from the genome to the entire organism.

Iron can have negative side effects on people with kidney disease
Physicians are constantly searching for the most effective therapies to help people with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), which occurs when kidney disease has progressed and about 90% of kidney function has been lost.

Isolated soy protein shown to benefit type 2 diabetics, study indicates
Isolated soy protein added to the diets of 14 men, all military veterans under treatment for advanced stages of type 2 diabetes, significantly lowered unwanted proteins in their urine and slightly raised desired HDL cholesterol levels in their blood, researchers say.

Report finds Scots unhealthy and unhappy
A new report reveals that the citizens of Scotland enjoy little satisfaction in life and endure a variety of health problems.

Ancient life form may help create newest technologies
Diatoms, a single celled marine life form that has been around at least 100 million years, are being harnessed to help make progress in one of the newest and most promising fields of science - nanotechnology.

New study to investigate demise of coral reef ecosystems
Scientists are embarking on a project which will explore how global warming is devastating one of the world's most diverse ecosystems, coral reefs.

Something's fishy about new NIST food standard
Accurately measuring exactly what's in the food we eat, before we eat it, is a surprisingly difficult job.

Cancer survival in Africa
For black cancer patients in Zimbabwe, survival rates are very low, not exceeding 55 percent after 5 years for any of the most common cancers.

New glycan arrays discover autoimmunogenic activities of SARS-CoV: concern over monkey vaccine
Researchers at Columbia and Sun Yat-Sen Universities applied the new rapidly-developing carbohydrate microarray technology to study an inactivated SARS-coronavirus (SARS-CoV) vaccine and discovered autoimmunogenic activity of this dangerous viral pathogen.

LA BioMed Medical/Research Briefs, July/August 2004
Highlights include: LA BioMed supports stem cell initiative; Ethnic breast cancer?; A periodic table for biology.

Colorado River Conference Aug. 26
Issues affecting the Colorado River, the major river of the American Southwest, will be discussed Thurs.

A new advance in gallium nitride nanowires
A significant breakthrough in the development of the highly prized semiconductor, gallium nitride, as a building block for nanotechnology, has been achieved.

Free electron laser reaches 10 kW
The Free-Electron Laser (FEL), supported by the Office of Naval Research and located at the U.S.

Scientists able to harness 'plankton power'
During the past two years, scientists have successfully tapped the chemical reactions from decomposing organic matter on the ocean floor to create fuel cells that can provide low levels of electrical power for many months.

New UCF researchers, college will help fight Alzheimer's disease, cancer
A new college of biomedical sciences will dramatically increase the University of Central Florida's research aimed at helping patients who suffer from Alzheimer's disease, cancer and other illnesses.

Secretary of the Navy to discuss naval research in the 21st century
The Secretary of the Navy and other distinguished speakers will discuss naval research in the 21st century at the Naval-Industry Research and Development Partnership Conference, August 3-6, in Washington, DC.

Catching a falling star
While observing a supernova in a distant galaxy with ESO's Very Large Telescope at the Paranal Observatory (Chile), astronomers were incredibly lucky to obtain serendipitously a high quality spectrum of a very large meteor in the terrestrial atmosphere.

Parents are top influence on soft-drink consumption among kids
In the August issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association, researchers take a closer look at the factors that influence soft drink consumption among children and adolescents.

Blood pressure hormone may inhibit growth of lung cancer
A hormone that is important in the control of blood pressure may also inhibit the growth of lung cancer cells, say scientists at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, writing in the new issue of the journal Carcinogenesis.

Ottawa's leadership in biomedical and health research has paid off
Canada is one of the world's top research nations, thanks to Ottawa's leadership role in funding biomedical/health research over the past 5 years, according to an article in EMBO reports.

Emselex(R) receives positive CHMP opinion for the treatment of overactive bladder
Novartis Pharma AG announced today that the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP), adopted a positive opinion recommending that the European Commission (EC) grant a Marketing Authorisation for Emselex® (darifenacin hydrobromide), 7.5mg and 15mg, for the treatment of overactive bladder (OAB) in all 25 European Union (EU) countries as well as Norway and Iceland.

NIST lab experiments simulate house-to-house fire spread
A recent series of full-scale laboratory fire experiments at NIST examined how fast flames can spread from one house to another, as well as evaluating whether or not a layer of flame-resistant material could prevent ignition of the second structure.

Hopkins scientists unravel the drama of a decade of cancer research
Reviewing the last 10 years of cancer research much as they might the production of a play complete with cast members, opening acts and an ever-twisting plot, two of the most cited names in science say that one of the most promising roles that newly discovered cancer genes may perform is in early detection, which likely will be as important as new treatments.

NIST WTC analysis classifies victims' locations in Towers
As part of its building and fire investigation of the World Trade Center disaster, NIST recently released an analysis of the location of the 2,749 victims that classifies the decedents as being at/above or below the floors of impact and specifies the number of victims found in each of the WTC towers.
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