Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 03, 2004
Best approach to taking out thyroid may be under the arm, study shows
The best approach to removing a diseased thyroid, the endocrine gland just under the Adam's apple that controls the body's metabolic rate, amazingly may be from under the arm, according to a study published in the August issue of the journal Laryngoscope.

New study to show how rheumatoid arthritis patients rate improvement change
A new clinical study to determine how people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) evaluate improvements in disease symptoms will be carried out by the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases.

Other highlights in the August 4 JNCI
Other highlights in the August 4 JNCI include a study of the relation between levels of

Commercialization deal boosts hope for new sickle-cell drug
A novel once-a-day treatment for sickle-cell disease, based on technology developed at Children's Hospital Boston (CHB) and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC), has taken an important step toward the clinic.

In national survey, 45% of specialists report a recent medical error
Otolaryngologist Dr. David Roberson of Children's Hospital Boston has first-hand experience with medical errors.

Texas flagship universities to join telescope consortium
Texas A&M University and The University of Texas at Austin are joining the Giant Magellan Telescope (GMT) Consortium to explore the frontiers of our universe as the result of a $1.25 million gift to Texas A&M from George P.

Babies with DiGeorge syndrome saved by immune supression, thymus transplant
Duke University Medical Center researchers have developed a combination immune suppression and thymus transplantation technique to save infants born with complete DiGeorge Syndrome, a fatal genetic disorder.

National Academies Advisory: Sept. 18-19 Nanotechnology Conference
The National Academies is hosting a conference entitled

Related productivity tools complement computed tomography in lung cancer detection
The diagnostic imaging modality of computed tomography (CT) scan is very helpful in lung cancer assessment as it spots even small lung tumors that might go undetected in conventional chest X-ray and other tests.

Adjuvant chemotherapy for colon cancer offers no survival benefit after 10 years
In 1988, a team of researchers reported that, for patients with colon cancer, postoperative chemotherapy was associated with better 5-year disease-free and overall survival than surgery alone.

Human health risks in space flight focus of research internships
Two of only 13 candidates accepted from a pool of international applicants, University of Houston doctoral students Andrew Abercromby and F.

Social benefits of wound healing may not make any difference in animals with multiple partners
A new study suggests that wounds on mice that prefer multiple mates heal at the same rate, whether the mice are housed with a mate or live in isolation.

LSU Vet School receives $9.9 million for infectious disease research
The LSU School of Veterinary Medicine has received a $9.9 million grant to fund the creation of the Center for Experimental Infectious Disease Research.

Street youth more likely to die of suicide and drug overdose
Substance use and homelessness are factors associated with death among street youth in Montreal, according to a study in the August 4 issue of JAMA, the Journal of the American Medical Association, a theme issue on Violence and Human Rights.

BioMed Central to consult funders and librarians over Open Access payment model
BioMed Central, the Open Access publisher, announced today that it is to consult with librarians and funding bodies about future mechanisms for funding Open Access publishing.

Activated signaling pathway may predict lung cancer patients' response to gefitinib
A new study in the August 4 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute has found that, among patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumor cells contain a specific activated signaling pathway, the cancer drug gefitinib (Iressa) was associated with a better response rate, disease control rate, and time to progression compared with patients in whom the pathway was not activated.

Where the sage-grouse roam
Shaped by climate, fire, floods and volcanic eruptions since the Pleistocene era, the sagebrush biome now faces the impacts of increased cultivation, urbanization, exotic plant species, and altered fire patterns.

Neurosurgeons at Rush explore 'smart' drug to treat brain cancer
A phase III research study being conducted at Rush University Medical Center by neurosurgeon Dr.

UC Davis cancer center ranks first in clinical trials enrollment
For the third year in a row, UC Davis Cancer Center ranked first among the 283 research institutions in the Southwest Oncology Group for the number of patients enrolled in cancer clinical trials.

Gun safe storage laws may help reduce some teen suicide rates
Laws intended to keep guns from youth often referred to as child access prevention or CAP laws are associated with a reduction in suicide rates among youth aged 14 to 17 years, according to a study in the August 4 issue of JAMA, the Journal of the American Medical Association, a theme issue on Violence and Human Rights.

Study: A little help from friends makes wounds heal faster
New research in hamsters now suggests that without companionship, wounds on the animals don't heal as fast.

8 environmental stewards win $900,000 in biodiversity awards
Bay Biodiversity Leadership Awards go to 8 scientists and environmentalists from Americas, Ethiopia, the Philippines, New Caledonia, Madagascar.

Climate change could doom Alaska's tundra
In the next 100 years, Alaska will experience a massive loss of its historic tundra, as global warming allows these vast regions of cold, dry, lands to support forests and other vegetation that will dramatically alter native ecosystems.

ESA is looking for female volunteers for a bed-rest study in Toulouse next year
In preparation for a 60-day Female Bed-Rest Study, which starts in January/February 2005, an official call for candidates to participate as test subjects has been issued.

Huge market for forest moss raises concerns
A huge, largely underground industry has been built on the moss that drapes some forest trees, raising ecological concerns, questions about export of potentially invasive species, and other issues that have scientists, land managers and businesses unsure about how to monitor, regulate or control this market amid so many uncertainties.

Long term benefits of health care require greater emphasis
As healthcare costs keep increasing, so economic evaluations of (new) health care interventions play an increasingly important role in policy decision making.

High rates of mental health symptoms reported in Afghanistan
Exposure to trauma and mental health symptoms of depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are prevalent among people in Afghanistan but, often go untreated because of lack of resources and mental health care professionals, according to two studies in the August 4 issue of JAMA, the Journal of the American Medical Association, a theme issue on Violence and Human Rights.

Enhancing patient care earns UH pharmacy students top honors
Projects addressing asthma management, community wellness, high school outreach and medication labeling earned UH College of Pharmacy students top honors in a recent Texas Pharmacy Association (TPA) competition.

Gun laws requiring safe storage prevent some youth suicides
Child access prevention laws for firearms enacted by 18 U.S.

Gulf of Maine marine ecosystem may have entered new phase
For most of the past 4,500 years, cod was king in the Gulf of Maine's coastal waters.
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