Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 12, 2004
Study highlights benefits of drug-eluting stents in coronary revascularisation
A pooled analysis of 11 previously published trials provides evidence that drug-eluting stents (DES)--increasingly used in coronary angioplasty--have benefits over bare-metal stents (BMS) by reducing the need for later revascularisation and reducing the risk of cardiac events.

Longevity protein may slow many neurodegenerative disorders
A protein linked to increased lifespan in yeast and worms also can delay the degeneration of ailing nerve cell branches, according to researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Northeastern professor warns big backpacks cause big back pains
According to the American Physcial Therapy Association, backpacks should weigh no more than 15 percent of the carriers' total body weight.

Shedding new light on biology
Physicists at the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) have developed a state-of-the-art microscope that gives scientists a much deeper look into living organisms than ever before.

Schizophrenia gene variant linked to risk traits
Researchers at the NIH's National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) have identified a relationship between a small section of one gene, the brain chemical messenger glutamate, and a collection of traits known to be associated with schizophrenia.

Hubble peers inside a celestial geode
In this unusual image, the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope captures a rare view of the celestial equivalent of a geode - a gas cavity carved by the stellar wind and intense ultraviolet radiation from a young hot star.

No benefit for suctioning of meconium-stained babies at delivery
The widely practised procedure of suctioning babies to prevent a potentially fatal respiratory disease is probably ineffective, conclude authors of a study in this week's issue of The Lancet.

Emory researchers map structure of anti-cancer molecule
Scientists at Emory University, in collaboration with researchers at three national laboratories, have solved the structural puzzle of how an emerging class of promising cancer drugs work to halt cell division.

Infants sighs may 'reset' breathing regulation mechanism as well as help lungs develop
When it comes to babies, a sigh isn't just a sigh.

FDA approves Adderall XR (R) to treat ADHD in adults
Shire Pharmaceuticals Group plc announced the FDA approved ADDERALL XR (R) (mixed salts of a single-entity amphetamine) as a once-daily treatment for adults with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

Future heat waves: More severe, more frequent, longer lasting
Heat waves in Chicago, Paris, and elsewhere in North America and Europe will become more intense, more frequent, and longer lasting in the 21st century, according to a new modeling study by two scientists at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR).

Mercury in the environment
The large geographic scope and consequences of mercury contamination and the enormous complexity of its interaction with the environment have prompted leading mercury researchers and federal land managers to take a hard look at the problem.

New comprehensive textbook on companion animals fills need
Cats, 77 million. Dogs, 65 million. Such are the estimated totals, as of 2002, of these popular companion animals living with people in the United States.

NASA's Chandra Observatory marks five years of scientific achievement
On Aug. 12, 1999, NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory opened its sunshade doors for the first time, allowing celestial X-ray light to reach the observatory's mirrors.

Body's own defense against H. pylori, cause of stomach ulcers and stomach cancer
An international team led by The Burnham Institute's Minoru Fukuda, Ph.D., has discovered that a human glycoprotein inhibits Helicobacter pylori, the bacterium that causes stomach ulcers and stomach cancer.

Hospitals should be encouraged to improve error reporting
Hospitals should be encouraged to improve the recording of medical errors on their systems, say researchers at Dr Foster in this week's BMJ.

Back to school: Heavy packs endanger kids' health, UCR study shows
A joint study by UC Riverside researchers and the Inland Empire Spine Center has found that parents would be wise to pay attention to their child's backpack, as a significant percentage of local middle school students suffer lasting pain related to the weight on their backs.

COPD--A neglected disease
A new series of 5 seminars about one of the largest causes of death and disability worldwide--COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease--starts in this week's issue.

Jefferson study shows red wine more heart-healthy than gin
When the choice is red wine or gin, choose red wine - at least when considering your heart's health.

Gene changes linked to increased eye pressure may have implications for glaucoma therapy
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill scientists have discovered that increased pressure within the eye alters a set of genes normally involved in preventing hardening of tissue.

Clemson students head to eye of Hurricane Charley
Clemson University students are in Florida, where they will hunt Hurricane Charley to gather research that may improve building techniques and codes to secure homes in the face of disaster.

Inexpensive drug could be best hope for early Parkinson's
An inexpensive but rarely used drug could be one of the most effective treatments for early Parkinson's disease, according to new research available on
Stroke research under funded in Europe, perhaps the world
Despite being the second leading cause of death worldwide, funding for stroke research lags far behind funding for other major causes of death in Europe, according to a study in Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Preview the latest research from Bristol University - in a language you can understand
re:search is a review of the latest research from Bristol University, UK.

Jefferson Lab detector technology aids development of cystic fibrosis therapy
To study the structure of the nucleus of the atom, DOE's Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility develops and employs a wide range of cutting-edge detector technologies.

Use it or lose it: Seniors need to socialize to keep communication skills
Senior citizens living alone and independently in apartments should interact often with others---both friends and family members---if they want to maintain their ability to communicate, a new University of Michigan study showed.

New hope for children with fetal alcohol syndrome
People diagnosed with fetal alcohol syndrome are more likely to escape social and relationship problems if they are diagnosed early in life and raised in a stable and nurturing environment.

Integration of refugee and host health services in less-developed countries important
A study from Uganda in this week's issue of The Lancet highlights how the support of humanitarian organisations to refugees in developing countries may inadvertently be creating a two-tier health system--with the host population having to cope with poorer health facilities than that provided by aid agencies to refugees.

Pelvic floor muscle training aids labour
Pelvic floor muscle training during pregnancy seems to facilitate labour, say researchers from Norway in this week's BMJ.

More doctors needed, without discrimination
This week's lead editorial comments on the surprising announcement last week by the President of one of the UK's leading medical organisations that there are too many women doctors working in the UK national Health Service (NHS).

URI physical oceanographers study how topography affects the Gulf Stream's path
In a recent issue of the Journal of Physical Oceanography, physical oceanographers Drs.

Got the time?
A new study by Hiroki R. Ueda (Laboratory for Systems Biology, RIKEN Center for Developmental Biology; Kobe, Japan) and colleagues has provided proof of principle that the measurement of individual body time may one day possible.

Prenatal cocaine use linked to behavior problems in boys
Boys exposed to persistent levels of cocaine in the womb are more likely to have behavioral problems like hyperactivity in their early school years, new research suggests.

Technology already exists to stabilize global warming
Existing technologies could stop the escalation of global warming for 50 years and work on implementing them can begin immediately, according to an analysis by Princeton University scientists.

Future heat waves: More severe, more frequent and longer lasting
Heat waves in Chicago, Paris, and elsewhere in North America and Europe will become more intense, more frequent and longer lasting in the 21st century, according to a new modeling study by two scientists at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder, Colo.
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