Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 18, 2004
Clever surgery turns an ankle into a 'knee' after removing child's bone tumor
While limb-sparing surgery for bone cancer is becoming more common, very young children with bone cancer face significant challenges and have limited surgical options.

Cell Press announces free access to recent online archive
Cell Press is pleased to announce that access to the recent online archive of Cell and the other premier journals of the Cell Press collection will become freely available beginning in January 2005.

New book documents wide-ranging science of Enrico Fermi
A new book edited by the University of Chicago's James Cronin describes the many-faceted scientific legacies of Nobel laureate Enrico Fermi, whose contributions to 20th-century physics are perhaps unmatched for their broad scope.

Argonne researcher wins award
A researcher at the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory has won the Outstanding Technical Achievement Award from an Hispanic engineering organization, the third Argonne researcher - and the second in a row - to do so.

NIH roadmap for biomedical research focus of chemists at American Chemical Society meeting
As part of an effort to identify opportunities and gaps in biomedical research defined by the National Institutes of Health Roadmap for Medical Research, Jeremy M.

Researchers show how to assemble building blocks for nanotechnology
University of Michigan researchers have discovered a way to self-assemble nanoparticles into wires, sheets, shells and other unusual structures using sticky patches that make the particles group themselves together in programmed ways.

New clues to hereditary blinding disease found
Seeking a cure for an inherited disease that causes blindness in over one million people worldwide, Dartmouth Medical School researchers have discovered a critical role for zinc in retinitis pigmentosa.

UCR earns $1.5 million grant to examine how engineered crop genes stray
The National Science Foundation has awarded UC Riverside a $1.5 million grant to research the unintended spread of engineered plant genes, an issue at the heart of the controversy over genetically modified foods.

UK university's research throws light on early infant mortality
A two-year study done in Scotland reveals that the majority of deaths in newborn babies were caused by brain damage during pregnancy.

MIT research that stops pain of needle jabs gets FDA approval
A painkilling device approved by the FDA Aug. 17 could offer relief to children and adults who hate the sharp stab of pain that comes with needles and IVs.

Oberlin Group joins Biomed Central
BioMed Central, the Open Access publisher, announced today that 23 liberal arts colleges in the Oberlin Group are to become BioMed Central members.

News tips from The Journal of Neuroscience
Issue highlights include: FMRP and the polyribosome and Understanding deep brain: stimulation in Parkinsonism.

New understanding of the machinery of flinching
The flinch is a critically important protective mechanism by which animals and humans instantly protect themselves against threats ranging from an attacking predator to an incoming golf ball.

Alpine fault in New Zealand not your average fault
Ents, orcs and hobbits may have trod upon New Zealand soils, but beneath the Southern Island lies a giant earthquake fault that may help seismologists understand how the Earth moves and bends, according to a Penn State seismologist.

Study suggests physicians overperform surveillance colonoscopies
Physicians appear to be performing surveillance colonoscopies at frequencies higher than those recommended by evidence-based medical guidelines, according to results of a survey conducted by the National Cancer Institute (NCI), part of the National Institutes of Health.

Newly discovered protein may be key to muscular dystrophy
A defect in the action of a newly discovered protein may play a central role in muscular dystrophy, a disease of progressive muscle degeneration with no known cure.

Philadelphia hosts health fair Aug. 25 for women and children
Health and Wellness is the theme of an interactive health fair for women and children sponsored by the Philadelphia Section of the American Chemical Society and held in conjunction with the Society's 228th National Meeting, Aug.

Tumor cell levels in blood predict success of advanced-stage breast cancer treatment, study finds
Women with advanced breast cancer who have a higher number of tumor cells circulating in their blood progress more rapidly and die sooner than women with fewer of these cells.

New 'clock gene' uncovered
A team of scientists from The Scripps Research Institute and the Genomics Institute of the Novartis Research Foundation recently revealed a new genetic component of the mammalian clock--a protein known as

When is a mouse like a test tube?
Injecting chemicals into the body invites all sorts of bad reactions, but UC Berkeley chemist Carolyn Bertozzi doesn't worry.

Gene associatied with lupus identified
Researchers have identified a gene variation associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), a complex, inflammatory autoimmune disease that affects multiple organs.

University of Arizona leads effort to create Center for Mathematics Education of Latinos
The University of Arizona has received a collaborative $10 million grant to increase math skills for working-class, Latino public school students.

Enzyme activation appears key in helping internal clock tell night from day
Feel like time is repeating itself and won't move on?

Graduate education focus of key sessions at chemists' meeting in Philadelphia
The scientists who will shape the future of chemistry and how they are prepared to enter the workforce will come under the microscope at the 228th American Chemical Society National Meeting in Philadelphia Aug.

New brain protein regulates sleep and anxiety, UCI study finds
UC Irvine pharmacology researchers have found how a recently discovered brain protein plays a major role regulating sleep and stress - a discovery that can lead to a new class of drugs for treating ailments ranging from sleep and anxiety disorders to attention deficit disorder.

Gene linked to cleft lip and palate identified
A gene variant that is a major contributor to oral clefts and triples the risk of recurrence in affected families has been identified by an international team of scientists supported in part by the March of Dimes.

NIST, CU scientists report first observation of an 'Atomic Air Force'
Physicists at JILA, a Boulder, Colo., laboratory run jointly by the National Institute of Standards and Technology and the University of Colorado at Boulder, have for the first time observed atoms

Nucleic acid-amplification testing further safeguards nation's blood supply
Nucleic acid-amplification testing (NAT) to screen donated blood has improved the safety of the nation's blood supply.

Sweet success in targeting sugar molecules to cells in living animals
Howard Hughes Medical Institute researchers have successfully targeted unnatural sugar molecules with chemically unique functional groups onto the surfaces of cells in living animals without altering the animals' physiology.

Chemists use the arts, humanities to simplify scientific language
Several noted scientists are using theater, poetry, photography and other creative tools to help translate the technical jargon of science into more understandable language.

Embryonic stem cell therapy shows steady benefits in rebuilding infarcted heart
Mayo Clinic researchers transformed embryonic stem cells into fully functional cardiac cells and transplanted them into damaged heart muscle.

Literature review of LASIK shows benefits, challenges
Most of the million-plus people having LASIK each year to correct their vision are happy with the results, according to a 15-year literature review that indicates most reasons for discontent could be resolved with more patient education before surgery.

Heart 'repair kit' -- Stem cells regenerate injured muscle
Mayo Clinic researchers have demonstrated that stem cell therapy repairs damaged heart tissue and aids recovery after heart attack.

Ecologists help keep death off the roads
Far fewer animals would be killed on the roads if planners took the findings of new research into account when designing and building new roads.

Circulating tumor cells in blood indicate more aggressive breast cancer
Patients with advanced breast cancer who have more than five circulating tumor cells in the blood may have a more dangerous form of the disease, according to a study published in the Aug.

American Chemical Society celebrates Petroleum Research Fund success
In a time of shrinking federal research budgets, the American Chemical Society and the Petroleum Research Fund are celebrating a 50-year anniversary, marking the distribution of more than $420 million across nearly 15,000 research grants.

Researchers report new gene test for isolated cleft lip and palate
Researchers report they now can predict whether some parents are more likely than others to have a second child with the

Scientists studying desert air to understand weather and climate
NASA, Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) and Scripps Institution of Oceanography scientists have assembled in the Arabian Desert to study tiny airborne particles called aerosols and their effect on weather and climate.

The first engineering of cell surfaces in living animals
In an unprecedented advance, researchers have armed the cell surfaces of living mice with a novel method of joining with chemical probes.

Performing large-volume paracentesis as an outpatient procedure
In a new study, gastrointestinal endoscopy assistants performed large-volume paracenteses on outpatients in order to determine how many procedures were required to develop competence and the amount of time needed to perform each procedure.

New wakefulness, anti-anxiety switch found in the brain
Researchers have found that a newly discovered protein switch appears to work in the brain to enhance wakefulness and reduce anxiety in laboratory animals.

Postdoctoral students seek academic jobs at Philadelphia chemistry meeting
Some 130 postdoctoral students interested in careers in academia will present their research and teaching philosophies at an Academic Employment Initiative (AEI) poster session Aug.

Fermilab scientists present new physics results at ICHEP Beijing
Scientists from the Department of Energy's Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory are presenting new results from experiments performed at the world's highest-energy particle accelerator during the 32nd International Conference on High Energy Physics in Beijing, China, August 16-22.

INEEL develops computer tool to help save archaeological treasures
If he'd only had an office computer and online treasure maps, Indiana Jones might have avoided all those snakes, scrapes and sneaky rivals.

Chemists honor 'Heroes' for biotechnology achievements in health
Thirteen research chemists from four companies have been named Heroes of Chemistry by the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society, for developing innovative therapies for eye disease, skin cancer, leukemia, genital warts, high cholesterol and other ailments.

Anti-bacterial additive found in Maryland streams
researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health have found that a toxic chemical used in hand soaps, cleaners and other personal care products to kill germs is deposited and remains in the environment long after the products are used.
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