Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 26, 2004
Traveling fellowships for journalists to attend CASW's 42nd Annual New Horizons in Science briefing
The Council for the Advancement of Science Writing, a not-for-profit organization dedicated to enhancing the quality of science reporting, is offering traveling fellowships of up to $1,000 each to cover the cost of attending the 2004 New Horizons in Science Briefing for Journalists, hosted by the University of Arkansas.

NSF funds Clemson model
Chemistry students are putting down periodic tables and picking up personality tests in a Clemson program designed to bridge the college-career gap

Columbia, Stony Brook, Guidant to develop biological pacemaker based on gene & cell therapies
Guidant Corporation, Columbia University and Stony Brook University will collaborate to study a new gene and cell therapy that may ultimately provide better understanding of how genetically-engineered cells can help pace the heart and lead to development of better treatment options for people with heart disease.

Statins effective in long term, Nordic study suggests
Statins -- a class of drugs that lower cholesterol and are associated with cardiovascular benefits -- are effective in the long term, conclude authors of a study in this week's issue of The Lancet.

New HIV findings
Some HIV patients may be plagued by more than one type of HIV infection according to researchers at the McGill AIDS Centre, Sir Mortimer B.

Chemical bonding states at silicon / silicon dioxide interfaces characterisable with light
Physicists at the Technical University of Clausthal, have succeeded in characterising the change in bond structure of interfacial atoms during the oxidation of a silicon surface by a purely optical method.

Protein fishing in America: The movie
Proteins pass messages to other proteins much like fly-fishermen flicker their lines against water, or so a current leading theory holds.

OHSU-VAMC study sheds light on estrogen's benefit for MS
For years, doctors have suggested the best treatment for multiple sclerosis (MS) is pregnancy.

New data validate the low-glycemic diet
A carefully controlled animal study provides clear evidence that a low-glycemic-index (low-GI) diet - one whose carbohydrates are low in sugar or release sugar slowly - can lead to weight loss, reduced body fat, and reduction in risk factors for diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

Football crowd control to be discussed
University officials from more than 30 schools around the nation will meet at Clemson University to discuss crowd control as part of the three-day National University Security Workshop.

New tool predicts how long pollutants will stay in soil
Building on an idea developed by medicinal chemists, researchers have devised a new mathematical tool that accurately predicts how long certain pollutants - including pesticides and pharmaceuticals - will remain in soil.

Integrative biology of exercise APS Intersociety meeting October 6-9, 2004 in Austin
The three-day meeting features six pair of concurrent symposia, representing 50 speakers and papers, plus 330 volunteered papers to be presented in poster sessions.

Man enjoys first meal in 9 years after jaw-bone graft
A new procedure for creating and transplanting bone grafts is detailed by German authors of a study in this week's issue of THE LANCET.

Media invited to physics sessions at international meeting at UC Riverside
Members of the media are invited to sit in on sessions of the international meeting of the American Physical Society, Division of Particles and Fields, scheduled from Thursday Aug.

Review article makes case for a new source of cells in the body
As the debate continues on the ethics and therapeutic potential of embryonic versus mature stem cells, Medical College of Georgia researchers are exploring a third group of cells that appears critical to development and capable of making all major types of human tissue.

Donald W. Reynolds Foundation awards UT Southwestern $12 million to continue Dallas Heart Study
A $12 million grant from the Donald W. Reynolds Foundation to UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas will allow researchers to continue the Dallas Heart Study, a groundbreaking investigation of cardiovascular disease involving thousands of Dallas County residents.

Washington University in St. Louis plays key role in sequencing moss genome
Washington University in St. Louis will be involved directly with sequencing the entire genome of the moss, Physcomitrella patens, at the Joint Genome Institute (JGI) in Walnut Creek, Calif.

'Electronic crystal' in high-temperature superconductor
With equipment so sensitive that it can locate clusters of electrons, Cornell University and University of Tokyo physicists have discovered that electrons in one high-temperature superconductor sometimes arrange themselves in what amounts to an electronic crystal lattice.

Strep disrupts blood clotting to infect humans
University of Michigan researchers have captured a glimpse of the endless arms race between infectious agents and the human immune system in a bacterium that uses a mimic of a human blood-clotting enzyme to advance its infection.

Study of flu patients reveals virus outsmarting key drug
A drug envisioned as a front-line defense for the next flu pandemic might have a genetic Achilles' heel that results in a drug-resistant influenza virus capable of infecting new human hosts, according to a study published this week.

When it rains, it pours - Even for the drops that lead to drizzle
In research that could lead to more accurate weather forecasts and climate models, scientists at Brookhaven National Laboratory say a physical limit on the number of cloud droplets that grow big enough to form drizzle paradoxically makes drizzle form faster.

Study in Science reveals recreational fishing takes big bite of ocean catch
Taking a hard look at the common belief that recreational fishing accounts for only 2-3 percent of total landings in the U.S., a new study published in the journal Science (August 26th) reveals that recreational catches account for nearly a quarter of the total take of over fished populations, including many of the most economically valuable species such as red snapper, red drum, lingcod, and bocaccio.

Highlights of American Chemical Society national meeting in Philadelphia, Aug. 22-26
Advancements in energy and fuel research, environmental concerns about the effects of pharmaceuticals and personal care products, potential biomarkers for improving disease diagnosis and new findings about the health benefits of foods and food supplements are among the topics to be covered at the 228th national meeting of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society, in Philadelphia, Aug.

Environmental costs of home construction lower with wise choice, reuse of building materials
Most of the energy that goes into building U.S. homes is consumed - not by the power tools, welding and trucking during construction - but during the manufacture of the building materials, according to a comprehensive life-cycle assessment comparing typical wood-, steel- and concrete-frame homes.

Tiny collars fitted on youngest-ever tiger cubs
Scientists from the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and their Russian colleagues from the Sikhote-Alin Reserve have fitted three wild Siberian tiger cubs under six months old with tiny radio-collars, marking the youngest wild tigers to be tracked by scientists.

Paediatric research should take centre stage
An editorial in this week's issue of The Lancet comments on the recent UK Government's announcement of a new initiative to encourage the development of more medicines designed specifically for use in children.

New research set to reveal similarities between terrorists and tourists
New research from the University of Warwick is set to reveal some striking similarities between the actions of groups of people who travel on flagship airlines, seemingly at random, between the major cities of the world.

University of Pittsburgh receives $10 million grant for head and neck cancer
The University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute (UPCI) has received a five-year, $10 million Specialized Program of Research Excellence grant from the National Cancer Institute to improve survival outcomes for patients with head and neck cancer.

New genetic research demonstrates possible cause of inherited form of Parkinson's disease
Columbia University Medical Center and Albert Einstein College of Medicine researchers have identified a possible cause of an inherited form of Parkinson's disease, which may finally help determine the casue of more common forms of the disease.

Japanese study suggests greater resistance to 'flu' drug than previously thought
Results of a small study from Japan in this week's issue of The Lancet suggest that the emergence of influenza viruses which are resistant to a widely used influenza drug may be more common than previously thought.

Emselex(R) is associated with fewer side effects than oxybutynin
Emselex® (darifenacin hydrobromide), a new M3 selective receptor antagonist in development for the treatment of overactive bladder (OAB), has better tolerability and equal efficacy to oxybutynin, according to data published today.

Intranasal corticosteroid receives FDA pregnancy Category B rating for allergic rhinitis
AstraZeneca announced today that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved revised labeling for its anti-inflammatory corticosteroid nasal spray RHINOCORT AQUA® (budesonide).

Groundbreaking for $18 million cosmic ray observatory
A groundbreaking ceremony will be held 9 a.m. MDT Saturday Aug.

Streptococcus infects humans by thwarting blood clotting
Streptococcal bacteria may infect humans by using a bacterial enzyme to

Laboratory advances the art and science of aerogels
University of California scientists working at Los Alamos National Laboratory have recently demonstrated a novel method for chemically modifying and enhancing silica-based aerogels without sacrificing the aerogels unique properties.

APS showcases 46 historic breakthrough research articles
Society celebrates 100+ years of historical physiological research. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to