Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 30, 2004
Eos Chasma, part of Valles Marineris
These images, taken by the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) on board ESA's Mars Express spacecraft, show the southern part of Valles Marineris, called Eos Chasma.

ESC Congress 2004: Trial supports early, aggressive statin use after heart attack
Patients suffering from acute coronary syndromes should be treated with cholesterol-lowering drugs known as statins early and aggressively, according to the results of an international clinical trial led by a team of investigators at the Duke Clinical Research Institute, the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center and the Brigham and Women's Hospital, to be presented this afternoon at the ESC Congress 2004.

Under-recognized condition important in treatment of high blood pressure
An under-recognized and usually asymptomatic condition called subclavian artery stenosis - an obstruction of arteries located under the clavicle, or collarbone - is important in the diagnosis and treatment of high blood pressure, according to a study by researchers at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) School of Medicine and Northwestern University's Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago.

Software difficulties cost builders billions
Inadequate software interoperability in the capital facilities industry cost the commercial, institutional and industrial building sectors $15.8 billion in 2002 in lost efficiency, according to a newly released study commissioned by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).

Winner of 2004 EMBO Science Writing Prize announced
The winner of the 2004 EMBO Science Writing Prize is Matthew Bottomley of the Istituto di Ricerche di Biologia Molecolare in Rome, Italy.

Preschoolers eat better but still get too much sugar and juice
Preschoolers' diet quality improved marginally between 1977 and 1998 but they are still getting too much added sugar and juice and not enough fruits and vegetables, a recent study shows.

Patients with multiple sclerosis may want to take wait-and-see approach to medications
Rather than taking medication to ward off a future potential attack, patients diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS) may want to take a conservative approach and wait watchfully with their doctors for the first few years to see how the disease progresses over time.

Study highlights long-term efficacy of angina drug
The angina drug nifedipine is thought to be safe for long-term use, based on the results of a study published online by THE LANCET today (Tuesday 31 August 2004).

Molding fresh minds for Mars research goal of teacher workshop at UH
While a round trip to Mars may take three years, learning how to build a Mars Rover model takes only three hours.

Lighting the way to better nanoscale films
In the Aug. 23 issue of Applied Physics Letters,* researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) report on an application of a new method for studying ultrathin polymers that makes it possible to visualize defects and structure in these materials and should help improve basic understanding of crystal formation in polymers.

ESC Congress 2004: Recommendations on screening and sports participation in cardiovascular disease
This presentation deals with the need for a common European programme for pre-participation screening of young competitive aimed to prevent sudden death during sports performance.

Probing the surface of white blood cells to enhance immune system medicine
Dartmouth Medical School researchers characterize the structure of white blood cells and challenge assumptions about how a certain immunodeficiency disorder affects the white blood cell surface in the September 1 issue of Blood, the journal of the American Society of Hematology.

Humans march to a faster genetic 'drummer' than primates, UC Riverside research says
A team of biochemists from UC Riverside published a paper in the June 11 issue of the Journal of Molecular Biology that gives one explanation for why humans and primates are so closely related genetically, but so clearly different biologically and intellectually.

Patented process preserves transplant tissues/organs
Body tissues such as blood vessels, cartilage and skin -- even whole organs such as kidneys, livers and hearts -- could become more widely available for transplants as a result of a patent issued recently to Organ Recovery Systems of Chicago for a method to chill body tissues and organs well below freezing without forming ice crystals.

Northwestern researcher offers sleep tips based on recent research
The National Sleep Foundation's 2003 Sleep in America poll found that 67 percent of older Americans report trouble sleeping.

New gene identified in breast cancer
Canadian researchers have identified a new player in breast cancer.

Non-linear mathematical techniques could lead to better flood forecasting
A Temple University environmental engineer has outlined new mathematical procedures, or techniques, to produce analytical solutions of the complex, non-linear equations of water flow in soils.

Joint effects of cardiac risk factors mean more then just double trouble
High blood pressure and high LDL-cholesterol add up to more than just double trouble for heart health, a Penn State College of Medicine study reports.

Groundbreaking innovations usher an exciting phase in the plastics materials industry
Economical, performance-focused plastics materials application development is dependent not only on leveraging traditional, well-defined 'cost-performance' parameters, but also on understanding the strategic nuances essential for sustaining long-term growth.

How an insidious mutation fools DNA replication
Biochemists have pinpointed how a flaw in DNA that is central to mutations in cancer and aging fools the cellular enzyme that copies DNA.

New Carnegie Mellon U. computational method could speed metallic glass design, testing
Want a tennis racket that propels balls faster than a race car or a sturdy ship hull that never rusts?

Time isn't money
Ever since Benjamin Franklin urged citizens to

Lance Armstrong Foundation's $1 million gift launches cancer survivorship clinic at Dana-Farber
The Lance Armstrong Foundation has given a $1 million gift to Dana-Farber Cancer Institute to establish the Lance Armstrong Foundation Adult Survivorship Clinic.

Early use of aggressive statin therapy may offer some benefit for coronary patients
Statins initiated early after a patient experiences an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) event at dosages above the typical starting dose may help reduce subsequent cardiovascular events, but the high dose regimen used may increase the risk for muscle-related complications, according to the results from the Phase Z portion of the A to Z Trial released on the JAMA website today.

MIT team explains yin-yang of ginseng
In work that emphasizes the need for stronger regulations of herbal drugs, an international team of MIT scientists and colleagues has unraveled the yin and the yang of ginseng, or why the popular alternative medicine can have two entirely different, opposing effects on the body.

Professor calls for a new branch of learning
Nanotechnology, the 'science of small things' is set to bring huge advantages in engineering, electronics, medicine and IT-- but the potential threats to health that widespread use of nanoparticles could bring need to be scrutinised, says a University of Edinburgh expert in this month's edition of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.

ESC Congress 2004: Antibiotic treatment for secondary prevention of coronary events
Results presented during a Hot Line session at the European Society Cardiology meeting here today showed that weekly treatment for one year with azithromycin did not result in any reduction in the incidence of cardiovascular events when compared to placebo.

Fourteen times the Earth
Making use of the unprecedented accuracy of the HARPS spectrograph on ESO's 3.6-m telescope at La Silla, which allows radial velocities to be measured with a precision better than 1 m/s, a European team of astronomers has discovered the lightest known exoplanet.

A room with a view for the International Space Station: Completion of the cupola observation module
Development phase completion of the European-built observation module, or

Study suggests immediate statins for heart attack patients
Heart attack patients who began taking a cholesterol-lowering medication within 48 hours of being admitted to the hospital were less likely to have ongoing problems with lack of blood flow to the heart muscle than those who did not receive this early treatment, according to findings from the PRINCESS trial released Monday at the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) meeting in Munich, Germany.

Drugs, invasive procedures for treating chest pain in patients over age 75
Elderly people who undergo surgery or angioplasty to treat chest pain fare just as well long-term as those treated with medication, researchers report in Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

Clear privacy practices boost trust and online sales for Internet companies, determines UCI study
Internet companies can boost sales and build trust with online shoppers by providing clear and readily available privacy disclosures, according to a recent UCI study.

Will a reduction in military spending improve our environmental future?
Former President of Costa Rica and 1987 Nobel Peace Laureate Dr.

Protemix corporation announces discovery of way to repair hearts damaged by diabetes
Research in animals and humans demonstrates for the first time that defective metabolism of copper in people with diabetes is implicated in the development of heart disease.

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory gets $10 million from NIH to build virtual lung
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory will lead a $10 million, five-year multi-institutional National Institutes of Health study to devise 3-D imaging and computational models of unsurpassed detail of respiratory systems in humans and other mammals.

ESC Congress 2004: New findings from ground-breaking PROVE IT-TIMI 22 clinical trial
Results from landmark PROVE IT-TIMI 22 trial suggest clinicians should use proven therapies, such as high-dose statin therapy, to reduce cardiovascular disease risk factors.

NASA satellites allow USDA to see world's lakes rise and fall
A few NASA satellites designed to study heights of Earth's ocean surfaces are now also coming in handy for tracking water levels of inland lakes and reservoirs.

Researchers improve detection of diverse anthrax strains
Scientists have capitalized on genomic data to define novel diagnostic tests and to gain insight into the evolutionary and genetic history of the deadly pathogen Bacillus anthracis (anthrax).

Analysis of biological clock may lead to greater understanding of human disease
Our biological clock, or circadian rhythm, is upset by travelling across time zones, but very soon the body adjusts to the new day/night cycle.

Mouse study shows NPAS3 and NPAS1 genes may be linked to psychosis
Mice with specific genetic mutations exhibit behavior similar to human psychosis, report UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas researchers, providing further support to the notion of a genetic link to schizophrenia.

Supercool! Model unscrambles complex crystallization puzzle
The patterns that form as plastics, metals and many other materials crystallize can vary incredibly, ranging from sea-urchin-like spheres to elaborate tree-like branches.

University of Arizona licenses patent for natural fungicide
The University of Arizona recently licensed its patent for a natural fungicide to Jeneil Biosurfactant Company, a winner of the 2004 Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Award.

Minorities worry public health system won't respond fairly in a bioterrorist event
While nearly three-quarters of Americans believe that the public health system would respond fairly in a bioterrorist event, African-Americans and Asians adhere to this view in smaller proportions, perhaps because of past discriminatory policies put in place by health officials, according to a new UCLA study.

Tiny writing: researchers develop improved method to produce nanometer-scale patterns
Researchers from the Georgia Institute of Technology and the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) have developed an improved method for directly writing nanometer-scale patterns onto a variety of surfaces.

Study supports aggressive treatment of heart patients with cholesterol-lowering medication
Treating heart-attack patients earlier with a more aggressive regimen of cholesterol-lowering medicines may help diminish their chances of sustaining more complications later or dying after their heart attack, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas have found.

Welfare-to-work system challenged to serve new areas of need
Political Scientist Scott W. Allard found evidence of emerging mismatches between areas experiencing increasing rates of poverty and the locations of social services.

ESC Congress 2004: Competitive sport and cardiomyopathy
The aim of the recommendations is to provide careful directions to physicians and consultant cardiologists, suggesting the type and intensity of sport activity that can be safely performed by the candidate with cardiovascular abnormality.

New microfluidic device tackles tough synthesis tasks
A new type of microfluidic device that can help industry to optimize paints, coatings for microelectronics and specialty polymers has been developed by National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) researchers.

APS awards more than $140,000 to minority students of physiology
Eight outstanding students have been awarded the 2004-2005 William T.
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