Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 31, 2004
Study estimates probability of death after breast cancer diagnosis
Women who are diagnosed with breast cancer are more likely to die from that cancer than from all other causes of death combined if they are diagnosed with advanced stages of disease at any age or with less advanced stages of disease at a young age, according to a new study in the September 1 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Women with breast cancer detected by mammography screening have better outcomes
Women who have breast cancer detected by mammography screening have a reduced risk of distant tumor recurrence than women with breast cancer detected outside of screening, according to a study in the September 1 issue of JAMA.

Highlights of the September Journal of the American Dietetic Association
The September 2004 issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association contains articles and research studies you may find of interest.

Modest climate change could lead to substantially more and larger fires
The area burned by wildfires in 11 Western states could double by the end of the century if summer climate warms by slightly more than a degree and a half, say researchers with the U.S.

Scientists estimate probability of death from breast cancer and other causes following diagnosis
Women who are diagnosed with breast cancer at a young age, or at an advanced stage at any age, are more likely to die from the disease than from all other causes of death combined, according to a new study by scientists at the National Cancer Institute (NCI), part of the National Institutes of Health.

NIGMS funds Center for Quantitative Biology
NIGMS will award $3 million this year and an estimated $14.8 million over 5 years to Princeton's new Center for Quantitative Biology, headed by David Botstein.

Bechtel increases critical infrastructure collaboration with INEEL
The US Department of Energy's Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) and Bechtel, the internationally recognized engineering and construction company, announced today that they are collaborating on critical infrastructure testing.

US medical schools report increases in faculty members and in women applicants
A survey of US medical schools shows that the number of full time faculty members has increased, the number of enrolled students has remained steady, and approximately half of applicants and entering students are women, according to an article in the September 1 issue of JAMA.

Other highlights in the September 1 JNCI
Other highlights in the September 1 JNCI include a study of how fenretinide promotes apoptosis in neuroblastoma cells, an investigation of the novel compound versipelostatin's activity in cancer cells, a study that describes a new assay for measuring the effect of immunotherapy in the cells of melanoma patients, and a commentary on a 2003 workshop that gave recommendations for the study of the health effects of diet and exercise.

Anti-cancer compound in vegetables found to block late-stage breast-cancer cell growth
A well-known anti-cancer agent in certain vegetables has just had its reputation enhanced.

MIT fab labs bring 'personal fabrication' to people around the world
Fluorescent pink key chains may not immediately call to mind

ESC Congress 2004: Diabetes mellitus in acute coronary syndromes - worse for women than for men
In an analysis of 10253 patients (3329 women) with a discharge diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome (myocardial infarction or unstable angina) in the Euro Heart Survey ACS.

Record number of resident physicians enrolled in graduate medical education programs
The number of physicians in graduate medical education is at its highest, at about 100,000, according to an article in the September 1 issue of JAMA.

ESC Congress 2004: Embryonic endothelial progenitor cells help overcome MI in pigs
We investigated embryonic endothelial progenitor cells as therapy for ischemia reperfusion injury in a large animal model (pig).

ESC Congress 2004: Improvement of treatment for ST-elevation myocardial infarction in diabetics
Adherence to guidelines in the treatment of STEMI in diabetics associated with a relative 36% reduction in hospital mortality between 1994 and 2002.

Cancer burden seen even many years after diagnosis
Compared with people who have never been diagnosed with cancer, cancer survivors experience lower quality of life, more lost productivity, and more health limitations, even among those who have survived more than 10 years after diagnosis, according to a new study in the September 1 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Preschool-aged children at high risk of salmonella from reptiles
Reptiles can make great pets--they're quiet and they don't leave fur on the furniture and floors.

Wide-viewing Envisat tracks 'son of B-15' iceberg's odyssey around Antarctica
A new Envisat viewing mode means that icebergs can be routinely tracked on their long trek around Antarctica, with regularly updated images of polar regions now available to highlight ice movements.

ORNL's high temperature materials laboratory assists NASCAR teams
You might say some scientists at Oak Ridge National Laboratory hang with a fast crowd.

Authors advocate more and better women's restrooms in public facilities
Women have made significant strides in their fight for equal rights, but they're being kept in line by inadequate restroom facilities.

Full-body CT screening increases risk of cancer death
The risk of cancer mortality from a single full-body computed tomography (CT) scan is modest, but not negligible, and the risks resulting from elective annual scans are much higher, according to a study published in the September issue of the journal Radiology.

Smoking, obesity, poor eating highest among young people
Young adults, apparently believing they are immune from risk, had large increases in smoking and obesity and had continued poor eating habits during the 1990s, according to surveys of more than 120,000 people.

Short term memory's effectiveness influenced by sight, sound
For decades scientists have believed that people can only remember an ordered list of about seven items at a time, but new research from the University of Rochester has shown that this magic number varies depending on whether the language used is spoken or signed.

ESC Congress 2004: Diabetes and the heart
Results from the Euro Heart Survey, Diabetes and the Heart, presented at the ESC Congress 2004, Munich.

Green tea research leads to gum and other products
The health benefits of green tea are finding their way into gum, mints, skin cream and other products with the help of a Medical College of Georgia cell biologist.

ESC Congress 2004: Effect of concentric and eccentric muscle training on glucose tolerance
Drexel and colleagues found that in healthy sedentary individuals hiking downhill improves glucose tolerance more than hiking uphill.

Protein involved in childhood disorder linked to cancer
A team of scientists has found that a protein involved in a congenital neurological disorder also plays a role in DNA damage repair and thus cancer prevention.

New guidelines emphasize important changes in HIV care
New comprehensive guidelines on managing HIV have been published today in Clinical Infectious Diseases (CID) and are available free online to all HIV care providers via the journal's electronic edition.

Evidence supports treatment of systolic high blood pressure in older persons
A review of the medical literature suggests that older persons with systolic hypertension (and systolic blood pressure of at least 160 mm Hg) should receive treatment, according to an article in the September 1 issue of JAMA.

Crystals in nanofocus
Max Planck Scientists strike new paths in nanoanalysis and data storage with infrared light.

IEA GHG Weyburn carbon dioxide monitoring & storage project
Large volumes of carbon dioxide can safely be stored in oil-bearing geological formations, concludes a four-year, multi-discipline research study in Western Canada.

Rehab improves survival after heart attack by over 50 percent
Cardiac rehabilitation raises your chances of surviving at least three years after a heart attack by more than 50 percent, but only about half of the eligible patients participate, according to findings of a Mayo Clinic study published Sept.

NASA satellites detect 'glow' of plankton in black waters
For the first time, scientists may now detect a phytoplankton bloom in its early stages by looking at its red

Molecular motor myosin VI moves 'hand over hand,' researchers say
In the human body, hundreds of different types of biomolecular motors help carry out such essential tasks as muscle contraction, moving chromosomes during cell division, and reloading nerve cells so they can repeatedly fire.

Astronomers find new class of planets outside the solar system
A team of astronomers has announced the discovery of some of the smallest planets yet detected beyond our solar system: two worlds that represent a new category of extra-solar planets, as well as significant and much-anticipated advance in the hunt for such objects.

ESC Congress: Converting cells into heart muscle
Transdifferentiation means converting one sort of cell, e.g. fibroblast, into another, e.g. muscle cell.

ESC Congress 2004: Cardiologists should care about glucose
NAVIGATOR investigators screened over 39,000 subjects with CVD/risk factors for CVD, not known to be diabetic, with a single oral glucose tolerance test (a test which examines how the body copes with a sugar load).

Virginia Tech researchers to release findings on Smith River Project
At 7 p.m. Wednesday, Sept. 8, at the Henry County Administration Building, 3300 Kings Mountain Road, in Collinsville, Va., Virginia Tech researchers will present results from the five-year study of the

Virginia Tech professor honored with DeLaval Award
Ray Nebel, a professor of dairy science, was honored for his 20-year career of service to the dairy industry and especially for his research that resulted in the development of the Heatwatch system, which allows cattle producers to efficiently identify cattle in heat.

INEEL scientist selected for congressional fellowship
Eric Loewen, an engineer at the U.S. Department of Energy's Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory, has been chosen to serve as the American Nuclear Society's 2005 Glenn T.

L'Oréal USA launches second year of science fellowship for postdoctoral women
Following the successful launch of the L'Oréal USA for Women in Science Fellowship Program benefiting young women researchers earlier this year, L'Oréal USA announces the start of the application process for year two of the Fellowship.

Not-so-spotty material breakthrough
Using pulsed lasers, researchers have coaxed the metal nickel to self-assemble into arrays of nanodots - each spot a mere seven nanometers (seven billionths of a meter) across - one-tenth the diameter of existing nanodots.

NHGRI launches Centers for Excellence in Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications Research
The National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), announced today the funding of four interdisciplinary centers as part of a new initiative to address some of the most pressing ethical, legal and social questions raised by recent advances in genetic and genomic research
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