Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 06, 2004
Using telemedicine to virtually manage gestational diabetes
In the first study of its kind, researchers at Temple University School of Medicine will analyze whether the frequent monitoring and adjustment critical to the management of diabetes during pregnancy can be better accomplished virtually.

Mitochondrial genes cause nuclear mischief
DNA from mitochondria has regularly inserted into the human nuclear genome.

Parents: Hold off on growth hormone for short kids; Friends like them just the way they are
A new study counters the prevailing belief that children and adolescents who are extra short have social adjustment problems and fewer friends than children of average height, challenging one rationale for intervening at an early age with human growth-hormone treatment.

How do you mend a broken heart?
Prof. Nadia Rosenthal, Head of EMBL-Monterotondo (near Rome, Italy), and international collaborators have been awarded a US$6 million grant for cardio-vascular research.

Do genes respond to global warming?
A novel analysis of paleoclimatic data, fossil abundance and contemporary and ancient DNA from different time periods introduces

Heart gene yields insights into evolution, disease risk
Analyzing the frequency among human populations of a variant in a gene that influences vulnerability to heart disease, biologists have found evidence that the gene has been influenced by the pressure of natural selection.

Most physicians agree that widespread routine influenza vaccination for young children is feasible
Most pediatricians and family physicians who completed a nationwide survey agreed that universal influenza vaccination for infants is feasible, according to an article in the September issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Doctors writing new prescriptions -- For using the Internet
Having trouble finding quality health information on the Web? You might ask your doctor to write you an

Survey describes prevalence of children with special health care needs and impact on the family
Approximately 13 percent of US children have had a special health care need (SHCN), and significant proportions of their families experience financial problems related to the child's condition, according to an article in the September issue of The Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Common cold virus can cause polio in mice when injected into muscles
Virologists at Duke University Medical Center have discovered that, under the right conditions, a common cold virus closely related to poliovirus can cause polio in mice.

Colonoscopy remains most sensitive, best test for colorectal cancer screening
A study in today's Annals of Internal Medicine raises questions about conventional or complete colonoscopy and CT colonography (virtual colonoscopy).

Imitative parrots just might tell you it's all in the tongue
When it comes to making noise, both parrots and humans rely on extremely specialized vibrating organs in their throats.

Subtropical Arctic
The scientists taking part in the Arctic Coring Expedition has just discovered that the Arctic Ocean once was ice-free because of prehistoric global warming.

The doctors' view of flu vaccines for infants and toddlers
Doctors across the United States are mostly in favor of a recommendation to vaccinate healthy infants and toddlers against the flu, but they are concerned about costs, parental vaccine fears, and how to let families know about the flu vaccine recommendations, according to a University of Rochester survey.

Many teen substance abuse programs lack key components deemed necessary for effective treatment
Many highly regarded adolescent substance abuse treatment programs lack several key elements believed to be necessary for effective treatment, including strategies for engaging and retaining teens, showing gender and culture sensitivity, and evaluating the success of treatment, according to an article in the September issue of The Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Annals of Internal Medicine, tip sheet, September 7, 2004
Highlights of the Annals of Internal Medicine for September 7, 2004 include: Virtual and optical colonoscopy both detect precancerous lesions but not always the same lesions; West Nile fever causes more and more serious symptoms than previously thought; and resynchronization of heart can improve quality of life after heart attack but is not cost-effective.

Pros and cons of virtual colonoscopy highlighted in papers published in two medical journals
Within days of each other, two of the nation's most respected medical journals, Annals of Internal Medicine and the American Gastroenterological Association's (AGA) journal Gastroenterology, publish studies analyzing whether CT colonography (

CRESTOR® leads in 1st international prospective study of statins in the metabolic syndrome
New data from the first international prospective study of statin treatment in people with the metabolic syndrome demonstrate that CRESTORTM (rosuvastatin) achieves excellent results in lowering LDL-C and raising HDL-C in this important patient population.

In a world of distortion, archer fish learn to judge absolute size of aerial prey
Anyone who has looked at the aerial world during an underwater dive will have marvelled at the distortions in apparent size, shape, and position of aerial objects.

For imitative parrots, wagging tongues may be key to vocalization
In a recent finding that throws new light on mechanisms of animal vocal communication, researchers have shown that parrots can modify the sound of their vocalizations by articulating their tongue.

Genetic map of important tree genes outlined
Researchers have publicly released a new database of many of the most important genes in a tree genome.

ESA signs cooperation agreement with Turkey
On 15 July in Ankara, Mr Jean-Pol Poncelet, Director of External Relations, and Prof.

Research suggests unborn children may be at risk from environmental pollution
New research presented at a conference on 6 Monday September in London shows that harmful environmental agents can cross the placenta to reach the developing foetus.

Rising childhood leukaemia incidence prompts conference
The advances in treating childhood leukaemia over the last forty years have been one of cancer's outstanding success stories - but the fall in mortality has diverted attention from a rise in incidence, a London conference reports on Monday 6 September.

Making gadgets lighter, smaller and more energy efficient
EUREKA supports innovative technology that works to make phones, PCs and PDAs smaller, lighter and more energy efficient.

Recent evolution at a single gene may have brought down heart disease risk in some human groups
Heart disease is Europe's leading cause of death, but new research shows that the disease's toll would be much greater had natural selection not shifted the frequency of susceptibility genes over the past few tens of thousands of years.

Scientists image tooth decay in the 3rd dimension
A team of scientists from Glasgow, UK, today revealed a new technique that will allow dentists to detect and study the tell-tale signs of tooth decay before too much damage is done.
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