Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 07, 2004
Activity level predicts and prevents heart disease in women better than focus on weight
Although excess body weight is associated with numerous heart disease risk factors, the body mass index (BMI) appears to be a poor predictor of both existing coronary artery disease and future risk of adverse events in women.

Medication not effective in treating chronic fatigue syndrome
The drug galantamine (used for treatment of mild to moderate dementia) did not demonstrate a clinical benefit in treating chronic fatigue syndrome when compared with placebo, according to a study in the September 8 issue of JAMA.

Long-term outcomes for liver transplantation due to hepatitis C
A new study on liver transplants necessitated by the hepatitis C virus (the most common indication for this type of transplant) found that long-term outcomes are similar to patients receiving transplants due to other diseases.

NHS Direct website too complicated for diabetes sufferers
Many diabetes sufferers cannot understand the health advice they are given on the NHS Direct Online website and many other internet pages, a new study concludes.

The promise of personalized medicine
A new technology developed by scientists at IBM could bring the promise of personalized medicine one step closer to reality.

Envisat Symposium day one: Steady symphony of Europe's largest satellite
A short stroll from Mozart's birthplace, scientists from across the world have gathered to discuss what the composer might have considered 'music of the spheres' - the constant symphony of environmental information returned from orbit by Envisat.

NYU Child Study Center to launch Healthy Kids, Happy Futures
The NYU Child Study Center, Project Liberty and Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) are proud to announce the release of Healthy Kids, Happy Futures, a pediatric education campaign.

Glass semiconductor softens with low-power laser, then re-hardens
Scientists at Ohio State University have found that a special type of glass that is finding use in the electronics industry softens when exposed to very low-level laser light, and hardens back into its original condition when the light is switched off.

Research reveals history teaching in Northern Ireland is often balanced to the point of blandness
Northern Ireland's history curriculum is often praised as a model of good practice amongst societies in, or recently emerging from, conflict.

Pediatricians treating more children with behavioral health disorders, study shows
Pediatricians are diagnosing and treating a growing number of children with behavioral health problems.

Drug therapy reduces risk of stroke during coronary artery bypass surgery
Treating patients with a drug called aprotinin reduces the risk of stroke by 47 percent in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, according to a study published in the Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery.

Patients with COPD may be missing out on appropriate treatment because of incorrect or no diagnosis
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are frequently misdiagnosed or remain undiagnosed, and may therefore be missing out on appropriate treatment, according to the results of a primary care study presented today at the annual European Respiratory Society (ERS) meeting in Glasgow, Scotland.

'Moral case for Iraq war' key to initial public support - research
Public support for the war in Iraq was strongest among those who felt that Britain had a moral case for taking part.

New evidence of radiation risk in childhood leukaemia
Ionising radiation has long been recognised as a cause of leukaemia in exposed children.

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
Highlights in the upcoming issue of the Journal of Neuroscience include: A zebrafish L1 homolog in regeneration, getting the attention of motion-sensitive neurons, and JNK signaling after ischemia.

Satellites guide aid workers sinking water wells for African refugees
Caring for more than 180,000 Sudanese refugees gathered in the desert landscape of eastern Chad, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees has begun using satellite data to identify hidden water resources and site new camps.

Being overweight is stronger indicator of risk for diabetes than level of physical activity in women
Researchers have found that a higher body mass index (BMI) has a stronger association with development of diabetes than does physical inactivity, according to a study in the September 8 issue of JAMA.

Novel gene therapy for bladder cancer shows strong results in animal studies
Gene therapy that causes the bladder to act like a

Fitness level may be more accurate than obesity in predicting cardiovascular disease risk in women
Women reporting higher levels of physical fitness have fewer coronary artery disease risk factors, less coronary artery disease, and a lower risk for cardiovascular events, whereas measures of obesity are not as strongly associated with these outcomes, according to a study in the September 8 issue of JAMA.

Extreme stretch-growth of axons
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine have induced nerve fibers - or axons - to grow at rates and lengths far exceeding what has been previously observed.

Second call for proposals for the European Young Investigator Award
The second call for proposals for the European Young Investigator (EURYI) Award, which enables and encourages outstanding young researchers from all over the world, has been announced.

First-of-its-kind experiment on San Andreas
Using classified technology developed by the military during the Cold War, a team of geoscientists led by Rice University's Manik Talwani is conducting a first-of-its-kind experiment on California's famed San Andreas fault this week.

Computer scientists at UH developing 'nurturing' computers
Computers may soon be able to let users know to take breaks, take medication or go to the doctor.

Smallpox vaccine can be diluted and still be effective, expanding supply if needed
Diluted doses of a smallpox vaccine, originally manufactured in the 1950s and stored as a frozen preparation, are nearly 100 percent effective, allowing for expansion of the current stockpile if needed, according to an article in the September 8 issue of JAMA.

Apparently normal teens are not 'ticking time bombs,' study finds
Contrary to the psychoanalytic theory that children who appear to be well adjusted as adolescents are actually

Screen siblings, parents of infants with severe heart abnormalities
Brothers and sisters as well as parents of infants born with severe, life-threatening abnormalities of the left side of the heart should be screened for less severe, but related, heart problems, said researchers at Baylor College of Medicine (BCM) in Houston.

Future city competition receives high marks from students and teachers
The National Engineers Week Future City Competition, in which seventh- and eighth-grade students develop models and descriptions of how people might one day live, is viewed as an enjoyable learning experience by both students and teachers, according to a study commissioned by IEEE-USA.

New data show SPIRIVA® significantly reduces COPD exacerbations and related health resource burden
SPIRIVA® (tiotropium) significantly reduced exacerbations and health resource utilization compared with placebo in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to a data presented today at the annual European Respiratory Society meeting in Glasgow, Scotland.

Study: First 10 minutes after meeting may guide future of relationship
Within just 10 minutes of meeting, people decide what kind of relationship they want with a new acquaintance, a recent study suggests.

Fossils reveal direct link between global warming and genetic diversity in wildlife
For the first time, scientists have found a direct relationship between global warming and the evolution of contemporary wildlife.

Chicken pox vaccine saves $$, protects whole population
The chicken pox vaccine has saved the US hundreds of millions of dollars a year by preventing the kinds of severe cases that used to send children, teens and adults to the hospital, a new study finds.

Pneumococcal vaccine reduces ear infections, pneumonia, new study shows
The pneumococcal conjugate vaccine reduces rates of ear infection and pneumonia in children 2 and younger, proving for the first time protection against all pneumococcal-related illnesses.

Western Canadian study concludes large-scale CO2 storage is safe
A four-year, $40-million multidiciplinary study was conducted by the Petroleum Technology Research Centre in Regina was funded by 15 public and private sector organizations and involved 24 research groups in five countries and three continents.
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