Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 13, 2004
Plastic Surgery 2004: The true plastic surgery reality show coming to Philadelphia
In today's world, plastic surgery patients want treatments that are quick, require less recovery time and produce terrific results.

Cancer survivors' other medical problems poorly managed
People who survive cancer are less likely to receive necessary care for a wide range of other non-cancer-related medical problems according to a new study.

News briefs from the journal Chest, September 2004
News briefs from the September issue of the journal CHEST highlight studies related to snoring risk factors for children, lung cancer staging, and quality of life for emphysema patients.

Molecule awakens and maintains neural connections
Researchers have discovered a critical protein that regulates the growth and activation of neural connections in the brain.

Methane in deep earth: A possible new source of energy
Untapped reserves of methane, the main component in natural gas, may be found deep in Earth's crust, according to a recently released report* in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS).

New approach to assessing glaucoma risk may help physicians decide who needs treatment
A new approach for assessing glaucoma risk factors could be the first step in helping ophthalmologists determine the risk of progression from ocular hypertension to glaucoma and blindness, according to an article published today in the September issue of the American Journal of Ophthalmology.

Research news from the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University
Highlights from the Tufts University September 2004 nutrition notes include vitamin E to prevent the common cold and Older women and women with diabetes: Eat fish for your heart.

Genetic analysis rewrites salamander's evolutionary history
Over the last three years, UC Berkeley graduate student Rachel Mueller has assembled a set of mitochondrial genomes to investigate the evolutionary origin of the largest group of salamanders, the lungless salamanders.

Blood test may be superior to Ct scans in predicting survival in some ovarian cancer patients
A new study shows that the CA125 blood test, which measures the level of protein produced by ovarian cancer cells in the blood, may be superior to standard imaging techniques like CT scans in predicting survival in patients with recurrent ovarian cancer.

Many patients don't tell doctors they won't use prescribed medications
About one-third of chronically ill adults who underuse medications because of the costs associated with buying the drugs, never tell their health care practitioners, according to an article in the September 13 issue of The Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Inflammatory marker may be early sign of blood vessel blockages
The inflammation that makes artery blockages likely to rupture and cause a heart attack may be a key factor in creating those blockages -- long before the rupture occurs, according to findings of a Mayo Clinic study published this week in Archives of Internal Medicine.

First glimpse of DNA binding to viral enzyme
Scientists have produced the first molecular-scale images of DNA binding to an adenovirus enzyme -- a step they believe is essential for the virus to cause infection.

Dental student calls on dentists to take patients' blood pressure
University of Michigan dentistry student Sara Kellogg believes dentists could save lives simply by taking a few minutes to measure the blood pressure of every patient.

USGS studies hurricane Ivan's potential impacts to Florida's west coast islands
Scientists at the US Geological Survey are closely watching the long, thin barrier islands that comprise the Gulf of Mexico coast of west Florida as Hurricane Ivan approaches.

There and back again
Yoshiko Takahashi (Team Leader, RIKEN CDB Laboratory for Body Patterning; Kobe, Japan) and colleagues report a heretofore unknown mechanism by which mesenchymal-epithelial transitions (METs) are regulated in the embryogenesis of the chicken.

AACR applauds NCI initiative on nanotechnology
To better understand the molecular steps that result in cancer and its spread, scientists and clinicians increasingly are turning to smaller and smaller probes that not only act as microscopic sentinels, but also as tools capable of interfering with these processes.

Tufts University establishes $4 million dollar tissue engineering resource center
With a $4 million grant from the National Institutes of Health, Tufts University has established a Tissue Engineering Resource Center on its Medford/Somerville campus.

Certain complications raise risk of in-hospital death after stroke
Patients who experience medical or neurological complications following stroke, such as pneumonia or brain swelling, are at a greater risk of dying in the hospital, according to an article in the September 13 issue of The Archives Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

NIAID forms clinical consortium to improve success of organ transplants
NIAID, part of NIH, today launched a three-site consortium spanning Boston, Cleveland and Philadelphia that will work to improve the outcomes of organ transplantation.

Research on carbohydrate metabolism receives historical recognition
Research by Carl and Gerty Cori on carbohydrate metabolism will be designated a National Historic Chemical Landmark in a special ceremony at the Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Elevated homocysteine levels may be related to changes in deep brain tissue
Higher blood levels of homocysteine (HCY), an amino acid in the body, may be associated with changes in deep brain tissue in middle-aged men, according to an article in the September issue of The Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Carnegie Mellon engineering researchers to create speech recognition in silicon
Carnegie Mellon University's Rob A. Rutenbar is leading a national research team to develop a new, efficient silicon chip that may revolutionize the way humans communicate.

Heat-controlled drug implants offer hope for future
Scientists test insulin release from thermally-triggered microgel films.

Many who cut back on Rx drugs to cut costs don't tell doctors
Many chronically ill patients aren't telling their doctors that they're cutting back on their prescription medicines because of high costs -- even though skimping on certain drugs could harm their health, and their physicians could help them if they spoke up.

Protein is key for digestive function of the pancreas
Scientists have identified a protein that is necessary for secretion of digestive enzymes by the pancreas.

Laboratory grows world record length carbon nanotube
University of California scientists working at Los Alamos National Laboratory in collaboration with chemists from Duke University have recently grown a world record-length four-centimeter-long, single-wall carbon nanotube.

UBC discovery is gateway to new stroke treatments
There may be new treatments for stroke, migraine, Alzheimer's and other brain disorders, thanks to the discovery of a mechanism for regulating brain blood flow made by researchers at the University of British Columbia.

Hepatitis B vaccine may be associated with increased risk of MS
The popular hypothesis that the hepatitis B vaccine is associated with an increased risk of multiple sclerosis has been scientifically corroborated through a study in the United Kingdom.

IBD (Crohn's, Colitis) 'joins' cancer, inflammatory diseases in associated blood vessel growth
Growth of new blood vessels is critical in cancer because it increases blood supply to malignant tissue.

Images of 'tail' of protein needed for cell multiplication suggest anticancer drug targets
A unique tail at one end of a protein called Ubc12 stabilizes a molecular workshop that assembles the

Prolonged, sustained exercise prevents precursor to heart failure
Prolonged and sustained endurance training prevents stiffening of the heart, a condition associated with the onset of heart failure, according to researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas.

Researchers identify distinctive signature for metastatic prostate cancer
Howard Hughes Medical Institute researchers have identified a telltale change in cellular machinery that could help clinicians predict whether prostate cancers are likely to spread or remain relatively harmless in the prostate.

Privacy rule builds biomedical research bottleneck
The Privacy Rule implemented as part of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996 is constraining researchers in the United States and slowing the progress of a wide range of clinical studies and biomedical research.

'Hedgehog' signal distinguishes lethal from localized prostate cancers
Johns Hopkins researchers have discovered a possible way to distinguish lethal metastatic prostate cancers from those restricted to the walnut-size organ.

Sugar-coated sea urchin eggs could have sweet implications for human fertility
New research from the University of Washington's Friday Harbor Laboratories shows that common assumptions about sea urchin reproduction don't hold true for all species of the invertebrate creature.

Many factors influence quality of life for patients with irritable bowel syndrome
The quality of life for patients with irritable bowel syndrome is as related to non-gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms, including tiring easily and feeling tense, as it is to GI symptoms associated with the disorder, according to an article in the September 13 issue of The Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Can an old gene learn new tricks?
The morphological complexity of mammals, as compared to invertebrates, is thought to have arisen through advantageous genetic changes that occurred during the course of evolution.

Lewis and Clark slip through climatic window to the West
They hadn't planned it, but Meriwether Lewis and William Clark picked a fine time for a road trip when they set out to find a water route across the American Northwest two centuries ago.

A probable cause for high blood pressure identified - shows links with diabetes
A study published in this week's Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences identified the molecule that binds to a receptor (a molecule on the cell surface that triggers a reaction within the cell) in the brain that is known to regulate blood pressure and release of insulin.

Former US Secretary of the Interior Bruce Babbitt to speak at science symposium
Bruce Babbitt, former U.S. Secretary of the Interior under President Clinton and former Governor of Arizona, will serve as the keynote speaker at the annual Environmental and Subsurface Science Symposium, hosted by the Inland Northwest Research Alliance (INRA).

TANGO: towards faster prognosis of Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases?
A large number of diseases are the result of proteins that erroneously assume the wrong shape, causing them to stick to each other.

Thrombosis guidelines offer new recommendations for travelers
New antithrombotic guidelines from the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) introduce novel therapies for the prevention and treatment of thrombosis and, for the first time, offer specific recommendations for long-distance travelers.

NCI announces major commitment to nanotechnology for cancer research
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) announced today at a media briefing* a new $144.3 million, five-year initiative to develop and apply nanotechnology to cancer.

Research uncovers added value of streamside forests
A team of researchers led by scientists from the Stroud Water Research Center in Avondale, Pa., has discovered that streamside (or riparian) forests play a critical - and previously unacknowledged - role in protecting the world's fresh water.

Corneal thickness may influence decision regarding treatment options for patients with glaucoma
Thickness of the cornea, the thin, transparent layer covering the eye, may be an important factor in considering treatment options for patients with glaucoma, according to an article appearing in the September issue of The Archives of Ophthalmology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Mild Alzheimer's leads to errors on driving test
People with mild Alzheimer's disease make more mistakes on a driving test than older people with no cognitive problems, according to a study published in the September 14 issue of Neurology, the scientific journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Women starting mammography on time, but failing to follow up
A new study finds most women now follow the recommendation to receive their first screening mammogram at age 40, but there is widespread failure to return promptly for subsequent exams and several sub-populations of women still are not being screened by the recommended age.

INEEL assists in international effort to increase nuclear plant safety
A nuclear reactor safety code developed at the INEEL could help prevent another Chernobyl-type accident.

Gene expression in liver tumors and patient prognosis
An analysis of the gene expression patterns of 91 unrelated liver tumors revealed two distinctive subclasses highly associated with patient survival, according to a new study published in the September 2004 issue of Hepatology.

Hydrocarbons in the deep Earth?
In an era of rising oil and gas prices, the possibility that there are untapped reserves is enticing.

Packard/Stanford researcher finds chronic illnesses among children not adequately addressed
Current methods of delivering health care to kids are woefully unable to cope with a pediatric disease pendulum that has swung from acute to chronic illnesses, says a researcher at the Stanford University School of Medicine and Lucile Packard Children's Hospital.
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