Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 14, 2004
11th International Conference on Commercial Applications for Inherently Conductive Polymers
University and industry leaders will present their pioneering work at the 11th Annual International Conference on Commercial Applications for Inherently Conductive Polymers (ICPs).

Genetically modified bacterium as remedy for intestinal diseases
Researchers from VIB at Ghent University are joining the fight against chronic intestinal disease with a genetically modified bacterium (Lactococcus lactis).

Cognitive function of alcohol abuse patients may influence treatment outcome
Clinicians treating newly recovering alcohol abuse patients should assess the patients'

Emergency 'shoelacing' for fractured phone systems
When a major disaster---man-made or natural---takes down the phone system, who ya gonna call?

Generation gap widened in social spending for elders compared to children
Per capita social welfare spending for elders was four times greater than for children in 2000, compared with only a three-fold difference in 1980.

Optical fibers and a theory of things that go bump in the light
University of California scientists working at Los Alamos National Laboratory have developed a theory describing light pulse dynamics in optical fibers that explains how an interplay of noise, line imperfections and pulse collisions lead to the deterioration of information in optical fiber lines.

Use of beta-blockers associated with decreased risk for fractures
Patients who take beta-blocker medications appear to have a reduced risk for bone fractures, according to a study in the September 15 issue of JAMA.

Study published in Mayo Clinic Proceedings finds risk of ADHD greater in boys
Boys, in general, and children born to parents who have low education levels, in particular, are at an increased risk for developing attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) compared to girls and children born to parents with high levels of education, according to a study of 5,701 children in Olmsted County, Minn.

Energy drink Red BullĀ® does not maintain alcohol's buzz
Energy drinks have become increasingly popular in recent years. Many young people combine energy drinks with alcohol when 'clubbing' in a belief that the combination will improve their stamina.

URI oceanographers to build laboratory to study subseafloor life
To study life beneath the bottom of the sea, the National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded University of Rhode Island scientists $345,000 to build and instrument a portable field laboratory for research and research training.

Number of flu-associated hospitalizations on the rise, especially for elderly
The estimated number of influenza-associated hospitalizations among elderly patients has increased substantially over the past two decades, according to an article in the September 15 issue of JAMA.

Work together, live apart: Study shows racial divide in America's cities
Using previously unavailable census data geographers have found that residents of one of America's largest metropolitan areas are far less racially and ethnically segregated at work than they are in their home neighborhoods, confirming what social scientists has long suspected but could not verify.

Other highlights in the September 15 JNCI
Other highlights in the September 15 JNCI include an examination of cancer risk among pesticide applicators exposed to atrazine, a study of alcohol consumption and the risk of bladder cancer, an assessment of how changes in tumor classification altered gastric cancer incidence, and an animal study of a potential breast cancer vaccine.

Simian virus 40 not associated with non-Hodgkin lymphoma, study shows
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) patients are no more likely than healthy people to have been exposed to or infected by simian virus 40 (SV40), a macaque polyomavirus that contaminated poliovirus vaccines in the mid-20th century, according to a new study in the September 15 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Youth drinking trends stabilize, consumption remains high
Although the prevalence of underage drinking has decreased since its peak in the late 1970s, drinking by youth has stabilized over the past decade at disturbingly high levels, according to a new analysis of youth drinking trends by NIH researchers.

A liking for sweets, combined with novelty seeking, may predict alcoholism
Previous research has linked a pleasurable response to sweet taste (sweet liking) with a genetic vulnerability to alcoholism among children of alcoholic fathers.

Manufacturing the future
This event aims to highlight how the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council is doing this through its Innovative Manufacturing Research Centres.

Study looks at quality of life five years after prostate cancer diagnosis
Five years after prostate cancer diagnosis, patients treated with radical prostatectomy continue to experience worse urinary incontinence and erectile dysfunction compared with those treated with radiotherapy.

Dominican Republic institute and research center to be established in alliance with Stevens
Stevens Institute of Technology, the Coralina Group Technologies and the Pontifica Catolica Universidad Madre y Maestra (PCUMM) today announced plans to jointly establish a new Institute featuring educational and research programs designed to help the Dominican Republic meet its objectives for industrial job creation.

'I, RoboNet' - intelligent telescopes survey the violent skies
British astronomers are celebrating a world first that could revolutionise the future of astronomy.

A simpler design for x-ray detectors
A simplified design for ultra-sensitive X-ray detectors offering more precise materials analysis has been demonstrated at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).

Chemical sensor could enable new ways to monitor pollutants
Researchers at Ohio State University are developing a sensor that can help control emissions from cars, power plants, and other combustion processes.

Understanding celiac disease
Two separate research studies published in the September issue of Immunity provide significant new details about why immune cells attack the body's own healthy tissues in response to a harmless substance that the immune system mistakenly perceives as a threat.

Lord Sainsbury praises the work of the UK's Innovative Manufacturing Research Centres
Stronger, lightweight car body structures, new ways of developing pharmaceutical drugs, and improved car safety and design for pregnant women are just some of the achievements in innovative manufacturing in the UK being highlighted at an event in Manchester today.

Pioneering AIDS researcher to speak at UH
David Ho, M.D., the man behind the famous AIDS cocktail, will speak at the University of Houston, at 7:30 p.m., Saturday, Sept.

NASA announces geoscience and remote sensing presentations
NASA researchers will present Earth and space science findings at the 2004 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), Sept.

NJIT to offer free workshops for entrepreneurs and small business people
Entrepreneurs and small business people interested in tapping into government and university resources to obtain lucrative grants won't want to miss two free workshops at New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT).

Racial segregation in daily flux in Los Angeles
A Dartmouth geographer has found that racial groups in Los Angeles are more segregated by where they live than by where they work.

Eliminating disparities in children's health care will require broad quality improvement effort
Eliminating disparities in health care for minority children will take a concerted quality improvement effort throughout the fragmented U.S. health care system, best overseen by a national body housed within the Department of Health and Human Services, says an article in the September/October issue of Health Affairs.

Byproduct of water-disinfection process found to be highly toxic
A recently discovered disinfection byproduct (DBP) found in U.S. drinking water treated with chloramines is the most toxic ever found, says a scientist at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign who tested samples on mammalian cells.

Science of perception
Is there a special area in the human brain that only processes faces?

Certain components of the brain's 'executive functions' are compromised early in abstinence
'Executive functions' are those capacities, most commonly linked to the frontal cortex, that guide complex behavior over time through planning, decision-making and response control.

MRI appears more effective for detecting breast cancer for women with breast cancer gene mutations
MRI is more accurate for detecting breast cancer than mammography, ultrasound or clinical breast examination alone, in women who carry the BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutation, according to a study in the September 15 issue of JAMA.

Scientists at UCSB make important discoverythat increases understanding of multiple sclerosis
Scientists at the University of California, Santa Barbara have made an important discovery that will increase the understanding of multiple sclerosis, a debilitating disease of the central nervous system in which the myelin sheath, an insulating membrane surrounding the nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord, start to unravel for reasons as yet unknown.

Alcohol consumption by American youth has stabilized, but is still too high
Alcohol is the number one 'drug of choice' for American children and adolescents.

Galactic ballet captured by Gemini
A stunning image released by the Gemini Observatory captures the graceful interactions of a galactic ballet, on a stage some 300 million light years away.

Treadmills, wind tunnels aid UH researchers in robotics innovation
From healthcare to helicopters, University of Houston engineers bring innovations in robotics to the International Symposium on Measurement and Control in Robotics at NASA Johnson Space Center in Houston, Sept.

Scientists tame 'hip hop' atoms
In an effort to put more science into the largely trial and error building of nanostructures, physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have demonstrated new methods for placing what are typically unruly individual atoms at precise locations on a crystal surface.

Peering inside the body, with a new spin--literally
A new NMR technique developed at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory called slow-magic-angle spinning magnetic resonance spectroscopy, or
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