Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 15, 2004
A one-two punch for tumors
Cancer researchers have long suggested that new targeted drugs may work best when paired with other therapies.

Researcher looks at racial identity as part of healthy lifestyle
Ken Resnicow has worked with Black churches for more than a decade to foster healthy behavior among their members, including quitting smoking, getting more physical activity and eating healthier.

South Dakota Tech grad student finds rare whale
A South Dakota School of Mines and Technology paleontology student, recently found a rare, beaked whale that washed ashore on St.

In the aggregate: concrete advances
A South Dakota Tech researcher has developed two new types of concrete that are expected to be stronger, more durable and more resistant to cracking than concrete currently used in bridge construction.

Brain has center for detecting sound motion
While it was known that the visual system has a specialized region for perceiving motion, it wasn't known whether the auditory system has such a region--or whether sound location and motion are processed by the same circuitry.

'Mighty mouse' helping find ways to prevent osteoporosis
A genetically engineered 'mighty mouse' is helping Medical College of Georgia researchers find the best way for young people to build bone and avoid osteoporosis.

Picking prostanoids to provide protection
Atherosclerosis is an inflammation in the lining of the arteries.

UBC researchers aim to create 'living glue' for replacement joints
By combining stem cell science with orthopedic surgery, a team of researchers at the University of British Columbia and Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute aims to reduce the 10 per cent failure rate in hip replacements and make repeat replacements and other joint repairs obsolete within 10-15 years.

Fox Chase Cancer Center researchers identify novel target for detecting ovarian cancer in blood
Fox Chase Cancer Center researchers have found a new way to detect ovarian cancer in the blood.

New fruitfly model of diabetes has future implications for pancreatic cell transplantation
A newly completed picture of how fruitflies control their blood sugar will inform researchers and clinicians about the basics of metabolism and how it relates to disease.

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for September 2004 (second issue)
In its first official statement since 1986 on the topic, the American Thoracic Society has published a document entitled

'Leaky' marriages are becoming more common, U-M study
You've been married before. Your mate hasn't. According to a University of Michigan study, this kind of mixed marriage is becoming more common even though potential partners in the modern mating game continue to gravitate to others with similar marital histories.

The machinery of forgetting fears
While considerable research has been devoted to understanding the neural machinery involved in learning fears, less has been devoted to understanding how fears are diminished, according to Elizabeth Phelps and her colleagues.Thus, they have performed experiments that reveal for the first time in humans details of the brain regions that become most active as fears are unlearned.

9/11 search-and-rescue dogs exhibit few effects from exposure to disaster sites
The search-and-rescue dogs deployed following the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks have not suffered either immediate or short-term effects from exposure to the disaster sites.

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
This issue of the Journal of Neuroscience includes: Spontaneous firing in clock neurons and the who's who signal in electric fish.

University of Alberta researcher offers promising treatment for premature ejaculation
A University of Alberta researcher has discovered a potential breakthrough for premature ejaculation--the most common sexual dysfunction in men--with a drug usually used to treat bi-polar or anxiety disorder.

Europe's MSG weather satellite serves scientists as well as forecasters
The first Meteosat Second Generation meteorological satellite is today in operational service as Meteosat-8.

Top scientists to discuss dark energy Oct.4-8 at Texas A&M
Five internationally renowned speakers will discuss dramatic recent discoveries in astronomy and cosmology during the DARK 2004 Conference Oct.

Major EU project shows 'Killer bacteria' more common than expected
A new European study shows that infections with the so called

National Academies advisory: Sept. 21 workshops on news and terrorism
News And Terrorism: Communicating In A Crisis is a series of workshops to be held around the nation that will involve local participants -- including journalists, government officials, emergency managers, and scientists and engineering experts -- in a simulation of a response to a terrorist attack in their hometown.

Quitting smoking has more success when clinicians support smokers' motivation for health
Counselors were more successful in motivating smokers to quit when they explored the smokers' personal values, discussed their knowledge of the health risks, and supported patients as they tried to solve their problem, a University of Rochester study has found.

Increased use of CT in past decade results in decreased costs for hospitals
The increased use of CT from 1992 to 2002 for the imaging of facial trauma has actually decreased imaging costs by 22% per patient, say researchers from Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston.

Protein is key to fatal disorder and normal cell function
The aberrant protein that causes juvenile Batten disease, a fatal neurodegenerative disorder of childhood, also plays a key role in normal cell function, Duke University Medical Center researchers have found.

Discovery of fruit fly pancreas points to possible diabetes cures, say Stanford researchers
Almost two years ago Seung Kim, MD, PhD, assistant professor of developmental biology and of medicine at the Stanford University School of Medicine, and colleagues including then-postdoctoral scholar Eric Rulifson, PhD, found cells in the fruit fly brain that make insulin.

Marijuana-like chemicals in the brain calm neurons, say Stanford researchers
Researchers at Stanford University School of Medicine are a step closer to understanding how the drug's active ingredients - tetrahydrocannabinol and related compounds, called cannabinoids -may exert their effects.

Earth's best view of the stars - Antarctica's Dome C
A small unmanned observatory high on the Antarctic plateau provides the best star-viewing site on Earth, says research in this week's Nature (16 Sept).

Hardy buoys: Texas A&M project predicts oil spill movements
In these days when it costs nearly $50 a barrel, spilled oil - unlike milk - could be worth crying about, especially in Texas.

Carbon nanotube oscillator might weigh a single atom
Using a carbon nanotube, Cornell University researchers have produced what could be the tiniest electromechnical oscillator yet, tuneable over a wide range of radio frequencies and with applications in circuit design, mass sensing and basic research.

Human chromosome 5 final sequence analysis released to public
Four years after publicly revealing the official draft human genetic sequence, researchers have reached the halfway point in dotting the i's and crossing the t's of the genetic sentences describing how to build a human.

Clemson hosts 'Nanotechnology and the Automotive Industry'
Cars aren't shrinking, but the technology that drives them is.

Ecology of infectious diseases grants awarded
The National Science Foundation (NSF) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) have announced funding for six projects under the Ecology of Infectious Diseases (EID) program, the fifth year of funding in this multi-year effort.

Koshland Science Museum announces public programs for fall 2004
Become forensics scientists for a night, or explore the DNA of wine at the Marian Koshland Science Museum of the National Academy of Sciences.

10-year-olds' free time activities signal interests/attitudes at age 12
Ten-year-olds' free time activities -- as well as whom they spend their free time with -- are linked to gender development, academic interests, school grades and self esteem at age 12, a Penn State study shows.

Venn diagram tactics to vet complex disease
A whole range of human muscular and neuromuscular diseases are caused by mutations in the oxidative phosphorylation system.

Major radiology journal offers unrestricted access to recently archived articles
Full-text archived articles published recently in the American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR) are now accessible free of charge.

Decoupling the control of brain cancer cells to find better treatments
Donald M. O'Rourke, M.D., Associate Professor of Neurosurgery at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, and Gurpreet S.

Maggot therapy linked with reduced post-operative wound infections
Maggots aren't high on most people's favorite-animals list. But maggots--specifically, the larvae of the green blowfly, Phaenicia sericata--can be helpful for the very reason they horrify.

European common frog found to use novel mating strategy
The European common frog has been studied for centuries, since Linnaeus first classified it in the 18th century.

Tech sails into space-based research project
Dr. Chris Jenkins, a researcher at South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, is developing instrumentation that could help NASA find planets outside our solar system, photograph the sun and create an advanced warning system for radiation from solar storms.
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